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Monday, July 11, 2016

The New Immoral Age: How Technology Offers New Ways of Killing People and of Destroying the World

By Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”, and

 The New American Empire)


“It turns out … that I’m really good at killing people.”

President Barack Obama (1961- ), (as reported in Reed Peeples, ‘A President and his Drones’, June 29, 2016, —a review of the book ‘Objective Troy: A Terrorist, a President, and the Rise of the Drone’, S. Shane, 2015)


“We hold that what one man cannot morally do, a million men cannot morally do, and government, representing many millions of men, cannot do.

—Governments are only machines, created by the individuals of a nation for their own convenience; they are only delegated bodies, delegated by the individuals, and therefore they cannot possibly have larger moral rights of using force, or, indeed, larger moral rights of any kind, than the individuals who delegated them.

—We may reasonably believe that an individual, as a self-owner, is morally justified in defending the rights he possesses in himself and in his own property—by force, if necessary, against force (and fraud), but he cannot be justified in using force for any other purpose whatsoever.”

Auberon Herbert (1838-1906), British writer


“Nothing that is morally wrong can be politically right.”

Hannah More (1745-1833) English writer and philanthropist


“A belligerent state permits itself every such misdeed, every such act of violence, as would disgrace the individual.”

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Austrian psychiatrist and philosopher


We not only live in the computer and digital age, we also live in a profoundly immoral age, in which the use of violence against people has become easily justifiable, nearly routinely, either for religious, military or security reasons.


Let us recall that the Twentieth Century was the most politically murderous period ever in history. It is estimated that political decisions, mostly made by psychopaths in various governments, resulted in the death of some 262 million people—a democide or political mass murder, according to scholarly works by political scientist Rudolph J. Rummel. It remains to be seen if the Twenty-first Century will regress from this barbarism or exceed it. So far, things do not look too good. Human morality and empathy is not increasing; it is declining fast. And with nuclear weapons in the hands of potential psychopaths, the next big step toward oblivion will not be a cakewalk.


Indeed, a new brand of immorality has permeated into some political minds, according to which what one individual cannot morally do on his own, i.e. cold-blooded murder of another human being, a head of state, a government or a group of public officials can do, in his place. Under what moral code can individuals delegate to governments or public officials authority to do crimes that they themselves cannot do without being immoral? Wouldn’t that be extremely hypocritical and a parody of morality?


According to basic humanitarian or humanist morality, as the Auberon Herbert’s quote above illustrates, what is immoral for one individual does not become moral because one million individuals do it, under the cloak of a government or any other umbrella organization. In other words, a head of state or a government cannot enjoy a wider choice of moral rules than the ones that apply to every individual. The agent (the public person) cannot have looser moral rules than the principal (the people). There cannot be one morality for an individual in private life, and another one for an individual acting within a government.


For example, it is widely accepted under basic moral rules that an individual may only use deadly force in self-defense, when his own life or the lives of his family are threatened. Therefore, the delegated morality to a state by its citizens to use deadly force cannot extend beyond the requirements of self-defense against actual or imminent attack, of the maintenance of order, and of the implementation of justice. Any unprovoked act of deadly aggression, resulting in the untimely and extrajudicial death of people, by a head of state, a government or its officials against other people becomes automatically immoral, if not illegal, notwithstanding in what legal mumbo jumbo such an aggression is couched.


It is true that the current chasm between individual and official morality has been long in developing. When the Roman Emperor Theodosius (347-395), in 380, adopted Christianity as its official state religion, it was difficult to apply Jesus Christ’s pacifist and non-violence admonition that “all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword”. Christian theologians such as Augustine of Hippo (354-430) were thus obliged to develop the argument that moral rules designed for individuals did not necessarily apply to an individual becoming an emperor, a king or a head of state who must administer justice or wage wars. In particular, the Commandment “Thou shall not kill” was redefined to exclude heads of state involved in so-called “just wars”, waged by a ‘legitimate authority’. It was spelled out, however, that such wars could not be pre-emptive, but strictly defensive to restore peace. Otherwise, such a war would become immoral.


Nowadays, there is a basic public morality inscribed in the United Nations Charter and in the Nuremberg Charter. The latter clearly prohibits crimes against peace, defined as referring to the “planning, preparation, initiation, or waging of wars of aggression”… A war of aggression is defined as is a military conflict waged without the justification of self-defense, usually for territorial gain and subjugation. The U.N. General Assembly adopted these definitions, on December 11, 1946, as part of customary international law. Such was the core of public morality after World War II.


However, over the years, public morality has steadily declined, most recently illustrated in 2003 when U.S. President George W. Bush launched a U.S.-led war of unprovoked aggression against the country of Iraq, assisted by British Prime minister Tony Blair. The latter unnecessary and disastrous war, launched on a mountain of lies, has been thoroughly investigated in the United Kingdom, but hardly at all in the United States, the center of it all.


Therefore, notwithstanding that no serious post-administration inquiry has been carried out in the United States regarding the mischief caused by the George W. Bush-Dick Cheney tandem, at the very least, future historians will have the 12-volume Chilcot Report to assess how some British and American politicians fooled the people, in 2002-2003, and launched a war of aggression against an independent country, with no direct consequences for themselves.


More generally indeed, in the Twenty-first Century, it can be said that killing technology has advanced at the same time as public morality and personal accountability have declined.


In the U.S., for instance, it has long been suspected that the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), (a sort of secret government within the government created by President Harry Truman in 1946), was involved in covert illegal activities, especially when it came to sponsoring terrorist death squads in various countries. In 1975, for example, the U.S. Senate established a Select Committee to study governmental operations with respect to illegal intelligence activities, chaired by Senator Frank Church (D-ID). That important committee investigated illegalities by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).


Among the matters investigated were the covert activities of the CIA involving attempts to assassinate foreign leaders and attempts to subvert foreign national governments. Following the reports and under the recommendations and pressure by the Church committee, President Gerald Ford issued Executive Order 11905 (ultimately replaced in 1981 by President Ronald Reagan's Executive Order 12333) with the express intent to ban U.S. sanctioned assassinations of foreign leaders.


Now, let us move fast forward. The most recent instance of a public official known to have assigned to himself the task of targeting some people, even American citizens, to be assassinated with unmanned drones or other means, without charge and outside of judicial procedures, and without geographic limits, is under President Barack Obama. Indeed, Mr. Obama seems to be the first American president to have institutionalized what is called the “Terror Tuesday” meetings, during which the American president, with the help of the head of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), decides about the assassination or the capture of individuals deemed to be enemies of the United States around the world.


Last July 1st, the Obama administration released its own assessment of the number of civilians assassinated by drone strikes in nations where the U.S. is not officially at war. It claimed it has killed between 64 and 116 “non-combatant” individuals in Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia and Libya, between January 2009 and the end of 2015. However, the London-based Bureau of Investigative Journalism has estimated that as many as 380 to 801 unarmed civilians have been recorded to have been killed with the new technology of unmanned drones.


Drone killing may be the most controversial legacy that President Barack Obama is leaving behind. To my knowledge, this is without precedent in U.S. history, at least at the presidential level, that assassinations of people, including some Americans, are carried outside of the legal framework, under direct supervision of a U.S. lethal president. In a democracy based on checks and balances, this would seem to be an example of executive overreach.


With such an example originating in the White House, it may not be a surprise that an American military officer has recently requested the “authority” to assassinate people without presidential approval, in his geographical area of responsibility, in Africa.


It is very disturbing to empower a government, any government, with the power to execute people without trial or due process. This may be a sign of our times, but this is not what we could call a progress of civilization or of human morality. It seems rather that as killing technology has advanced, and as power has become less constrained, humanitarian morality has badly declined.


It is a sad truth that advances in military technology over time have always been used to kill people. Even the dreadful atom bomb has been used to kill hundreds of thousands people. It is only a matter of time before it could be used again. It would only take one psychopathic madman in power to destroy humanity.



All this immorality permeates into the management of the economy, under the motto “greed is good”. As I assessed at the beginning of this year, the world economy is ripe for a huge awakening. A mixture of wars of aggression and of financial market crashes could shake the world in the coming months.

That is because the people who fan the flames of war are the same ones who are pushing financial markets to their limits and created a huge asset bubble.

Barack Obama’s little known neocon-inspired goal has been to expand NATO to Russia’s borders and to isolate Russia. This mischievous brinkmanship policy is being played out to the fullest. Indeed, there is presently a suspicious and dangerous buildup of NATO troops at the Russian border, with the obvious intent of provoking Russia into some sort of conflict. These professional warmongers may get their wish and they may soon plunge the world into chaos.


Prof. Rodrigue Tremblay is the author of the book

 The Code for Global Ethics, Ten Humanist Principles”,

and of The New American Empire.


Please visit the book site at:


and his blog at:



Posted, Monday, July 11, 2016, at 8:30 am


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Tuesday, June 28, 2016

The 2016 U.S. Election: A Possible Repeat of the 1964 Election?

By Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay

 (Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”,

and The New American Empire)


“I would remind you that extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice. And let me remind you also that moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue.”

Barry Goldwater (1909-1998)

US Senator (R-Arizona) and 1964 Republican Presidential candidate, (in his Acceptance speech as the 1964 Republican Presidential candidate, in San Francisco, July 16, 1964)


“Sometimes, I think this country would be better off if we could just saw off the Eastern Seaboard and let it float out to sea.”

Barry Goldwater (1909-1998)

US Senator (R-Arizona) and 1964 Republican Presidential candidate, (in a December 1961 news conference)


We’re going to hit them and we’re going to hit them hard. I’m talking about a surgical strike on these ISIS stronghold cities using Trident [nuclear] missiles.”

Donald Trump (1946- ), Republican presidential candidate, (in an interview with ‘Meet the Press’, NBC News, August 9, 2015)


They asked me the question [about torture], ‘What do you think of waterboarding?’ —Absolutely fine. But we should go much stronger than waterboarding.

Donald Trump (1946- ), Republican presidential candidate, (in a statement during a campaign event at a retirement community, in Bluffton, S. C., Feb. 17, 2016)


The way this 2016 American presidential election is unfolding, there is a good chance that it could be a repeat of the 1964 U.S. election. In both instances, a Democratic presidential candidate is facing a flawed and frightening Republican presidential candidate who multiplies provocative and reckless statements and off-hand comments.


Politicians sometimes forget that, once elected, they are expected to serve all the people, not their narrow base of fanatical partisans. In that regard, their public statements are very important because they give a clue about what type of public servant a candidate would be. A candidate can easily self-destruct if he or she forgets that, when talking to partisans, the entire electorate is listening. Strong statements, good or bad, remain in people’s consciousness when time comes to vote.


Let us look back 52 years to the 1964 U.S. election. Seeking election in his own right was sitting Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973), who had taken office in 1963 following President John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and who was about to escalate the Vietnam War, which ended up costing the lives of 58,000 Americans and the lives of more than a million Vietnamese. His Republican opponent was Senator Barry Goldwater (1909-1998) of Arizona, who had fought against the party establishment and succeeded in winning the Republican nomination over New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller.


In 1964, Republican candidate Barry Goldwater soon developed an image as an extremist on many issues with a series of reckless and ill-thought out statements. For instance, in foreign policy, he advocated using ‘low-yield’ nuclear weapons in Vietnam and in Europe. Domestically, he wanted to make Social Security voluntary. He even suggested that the United States would be better off if the entire East Coast of the country were cut off and sent out to sea!


Goldwater was never able to shake off his image as an extremist on many issues, and he was never in a position to unmask the Democratic candidate’s war plans. This was a key factor in his crushing defeat in November 1964: Lyndon B. Johnson won about 61 percent of the vote to Goldwater’s 39 percent, and took all but six states.


Therefore after the election, President Johnson had a free hand in escalating the Vietnam War, especially considering that the U.S. Congress had already adopted the infamous Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, on August 7, 1964. The disastrous war would last ten more years, until 1975.


There is a good chance that history might repeat itself next November.


Indeed, Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump has been acting as if he doesn’t really care whether he wins the election or not, drawing attention to himself with outlandish statements and reckless comments, presumably designed to shock and create free “publicity” for his candidacy.


One day candidate Trump wants to adopt torture as a public policy. The next day, he wants to prevent Muslims from entering the United States and build a wall between the U.S. and Mexico to stop illegal Mexican immigration. Later on, he advocates using nuclear missiles against Islamist terrorists in the Middle East, and—throwing away any humanitarian principle—even kill their families. Domestically, he wants to abolish Obamacare, but so far, he has not spelled out any replacement. Etc. etc. etc!


Moreover, he doesn’t mind contradicting himself. Sometimes, he rebuts the pro-Israel lobby, professing not to need its money. But then, he lets his Middle East advisor state that a Trump administration would give the Israeli government a free hand in expropriating the Palestinians.


Since Mr. Trump has no government experience of any kind, one would think that he would consult about policy issues he knows little about, before issuing a statement. This does not seem to be the case. He even jokes: my primary consultant is myself.” That is a sobering thought. The candidate does not seem to have an overall plan; everything seems to be left to improvisation. This indicates a lack of discipline. Indeed, candidate Trump seems to be his own worst enemy. As a businessman, Mr. Trump may have great qualities. As a politician, he seems to be lacking in political instincts, self-control and restraint.


As a result of his flippancy and inconsistencies, Mr. Trump's poll numbers are slipping badly, not because people necessarily like the alternative Democratic choice, but mainly because they become increasingly disillusioned by the lack of seriousness on candidate Trump’s part. They sense that he is unstable and unpredictable, that he has no plan and no program.


All this is a free gift to Democratic presidential Hillary Clinton who has to defend 40 years of political involvement. Unless an unexpected event occurs, and unless Mr. Trump changes profoundly his approach, the choice in the U.S. next November will be between two main candidates with net negative approval ratings, and the candidate with the lowest net negative rating will win, by default. One would think that the American electorate deserves better.





Prof. Rodrigue Tremblay is the author of the book The Code for Global Ethics, Ten Humanist Principles”, and of The New American Empire.


Please visit the book site at:


and his blog at:



Posted, Tuesday, June 28, 2016 at 8:30 am


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Send contact, comments or commercial reproduction requests (in English or in French) to:


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© 2016 by Big Picture World Syndicate, Inc.



Monday, May 30, 2016

Barack Obama’s Meager Legacy of incomplete accomplishments and of provoked wars: What happened?


By Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”, and

 The New American Empire)


“The evil that men do lives after them.”

William Shakespeare (1564-1616), ‘Julius Caesar’


“The Constitution supposes, what the History of all Governments demonstrates, that the Executive is the branch of power most interested in war and most prone to it. It has accordingly with studied care, vested the question of war in the Legislature…

—No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare.”

James Madison (1751-1836), in a letter to Thomas Jefferson, 1798, (and, in ‘Political Observations’, 1795)


“…War is sometimes necessary, and war at some level is an expression of human folly.”

Barack H. Obama (1961- ), Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, Dec. 2009


“As a nuclear power, as the only nuclear power to have used a nuclear weapon, the United States has a moral responsibility to act… today, I state clearly and with conviction America's commitment to seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons.”

Barack H. Obama (1961- ), in a speech in Prague, Czech Republic, on April 5, 2009, [N.B.: On May 27, 2016, Pres. Obama repeated essentially the same commitment at Hiroshima’s Peace Memorial Park, in Japan, calling for a "world without nuclear weapons"]


“As commander-in-chief, I have not shied away from using force when necessary. I have ordered tens of thousands of young Americans into combat…

I’ve ordered military action in seven countries.” [Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria, Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia]

Barack H. Obama (1961- ), in a speech at the American University, Aug. 5, 2015


Ever since Neocons de facto took over American foreign policy, after the collapse of the Soviet empire in 1991 and the end of the Cold war, rejecting the Peace Dividend that many had logically expected, the cry in Washington D.C. has been to impose an America-centered New World Order, mainly through military means.


Successive administrations, both republican and democratic, have toed the line and dutifully pursued the same policy of world domination by launching a series of unilateral, direct or covert, wars of aggression around the world, in violation of international law. This explains why the United States has over 1,400 foreign military bases in over 120 countries, and why they are being expanded.


First there was the Gulf War of 1991, when Saddam Hussein’s regime felt into a trap, thinking it had Washington’s tacit go ahead to integrate Kuwait, a territory that had been part of Iraq throughout the nineteenth century and up until World War I. Then there were the 1998-1999 U.S. military interventions in the Yugoslavia’s ethnic conflicts, under the cover of NATO, in order to undermine Russian influence in that region. In 2001, the “Pearl Harbor” type attack of 9/11 was also a “god-given” event on the march to the new world order. Some high-ranking U.S. officials had implicitly hoped for such an event to justify huge increases in the U.S. military budget. Nevertheless, it served as a justification to launch the 2001 war in Afghanistan, eventually leading to a U.S.-led “preventive war” to “liberate” Iraq, in 2003.


All this was followed by a string of covert operations to overthrow governments, elected or not, and to impose regime changes in independent countries, such as in Syria, Libya, Ukraine, Honduras, Haiti, Somalia… etc., as this has been done in other countries since 1953.


The election of Senator Barack Obama, in 2008, was expected to stop these destructive American military vendettas around the world, most of them under the initiative of the Executive, with little input from Congress, contrary to what is stipulated in the U.S. Constitution. After all, in 2009, President Obama accepted the Norwegian Nobel Peace Prize, which carried a stipend of about $1.4 million, for his promise of creating a new climate” in international relations and of promoting “nuclear disarmament“. Instead, it can be said that “Two Full Terms of War” is the legacy of his two terms in office. Mr. Obama didn’t settle any war, and he initiated many more.


In accepting the Nobel Peace Prize, President Obama, referring to the more or less discredited theory of “Just War” in modern times, said that wars must be waged “as a last resort or in self-defense; if the force used is proportional; and if, whenever possible, civilians are spared from violence.”


Note, however, that Obama was honest and lucid enough to acknowledge that there were people “more deserving” than him to receive such a peace prize, stating that his “accomplishments were slight”. —As it turned out, he was right. Antiwar candidate Obama did not rise to the high expectations placed on him in 2008: He did not bring peace to the world; he did not stop American wars of aggression around the world, he did not stop the American policy of overthrowing other independent countries’ governments, nor did he bring “nuclear disarmament”. In the latter case, he did just the reverse, as we will see below.


That is why, after a double mandate in the White House, it can be demonstrated that President Barack Obama’s legacy is indeed very slight, if not net negative. Let us look more closely, beginning with the positive side of President Obama’s legacy, and following with the severe failures of his administration.


Obamacare: A timid step in the right direction toward social justice


Before spelling out the Obama administration’s main failures, it is only fair to stress some important successes it has achieved, even though some may deplore that they have been few and far between. For one, in domestic affairs, President Obama succeeded in getting a Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, aka Obamacare, passed by Congress, in 2010. That law brought health coverage to close to some 20 million Americans who previously had been left out of secured access to health services through employer-sponsored insurance. A similar attempt by Hillary Clinton in 1993 had failed.


Obamacare, a private-based health insurance program, was copied from a Republican program signed into law in Massachusetts, in 2006, by then Governor Mitt Romney. The initial objective was to adopt a universal health plan similar to the 1965 single-payer Medicare program for the elderly, but Republican opposition in Congress made that option impossible. It is estimated that slightly more than 30 million Americans are still lacking comprehensive health insurance. Nevertheless, it can be said that the Obamacare program, even though flawed, was a step in the right direction.


It is worth noting, however, that many American doctors are in favor of a Single-Payer Health system. Last May, an impressive group of 2,231 physicians called for the establishment of such a system to cover all Americans in need of medical care. The only presidential candidate, this time around, who proposes a universal single-payer health system, is Senator Bernie Sanders.


President Obama has, on occasion, stood up to pro-war pressures


In foreign affairs, President Barack Obama has taken some initiatives, which have distanced himself from President George W. Bush, by resisting pressures to enlarge some ongoing military conflicts.


For instance, in 2013, the governments of Israel, Turkey and Saudi Arabia, anxious to overthrow the Syrian government of Bashar al-Assad, orchestrated what is widely believed to have been a false flag operation, in order to place the blame on the Assad government for having allegedly used chemical weapons against rebels. The objective was to provoke a hesitant Obama administration into getting involved militarily in the Syrian conflict. Such a gimmick had worked in 1986 in persuading the Reagan administration to bomb the country of Libya.


To his credit, President Obama did not fall for the plot, and resisted the “intense” pressures coming from neocons, and from Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in his own administration, for a direct U.S. military involvement in Syria. He backed instead a Russian proposal to remove chemical weapons from Syria, thus avoiding the deaths of thousands of people.


The Iran deal as a triumph of diplomacy over waging destructive wars


Other neocon-inspired pressures were exerted on President Obama, coming also from the Israeli government, to have the U.S. launch military attacks against Iran, a country of 80 million people. The pretext advanced this time was that Iran was threatening Israel’s nuclear monopoly in the region in allegedly developing a nuclear weapon of its own.


Even though the Iranian government asserted that its nuclear program was to produce energy and was exclusively peaceful, President Obama was under strong pressure to attack Iran “preventively” to destroy its nuclear installations. To his credit, President Barack Obama resisted the pressures to launch what would have been another illegal war of aggression, similar to the one George W. Bush initiated against Iraq in 2003.


Instead, President Obama opted to rely on diplomacy, and on July 14, 2015, six countries (China, France, Germany, Russia, the U.K. and the United States) reached an Iran deal, which removed the possibility that Iran develop nuclear weapons in the foreseeable future. Here again, an unnecessary war was avoided and thousands of lives were saved.


The ending of more than half a century of an American boycott of Cuba


President Barack Obama must also be congratulated for having accepted Pope Francis’ mediation, in 2014, to end the more than half a century of hostilities between the government of the United States and the government of Cuba, two neighboring countries. The Pope had written a personal appeal to Presidents Barack Obama and Raul Castro and led closed-door negotiations between the delegations of both countries. 


In December 2014, U.S. President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro announced that they would begin normalizing diplomatic relations between the two nations. On April 11, 2015, President Obama and Cuban President Castro met in Panama to finalize the new reality and declared themselves ready to “turn the page and develop a new relationship between our two countries”, in Mr. Obama’s words.


Since then, the two leaders have reopened embassies in each other's countries and normalized exchanges. President Obama even visited Cuba in March 2016.


Therefore, President Obama’s decision put an end to a sad chapter in the history of 20th Century American foreign policy, especially considering that the U.S. government has established full diplomatic relations with countries such as China and Vietnam.



The list of favorable actions by the Obama administration is not very long. There is, however, a longer list of policies that belie many of Barak Obama’s promises and the expectations he created when he ran for president in 2008.


President Obama enlarged the powers of the White House to launch imperial wars with no temporal or geographical limits


As the quote above by James Madison indicates, the U.S. Founding Fathers were well aware of the danger of giving a king or dictator the right to launch wars on his own. They feared that this would bring tyranny and oppression to their nation.


President George W. Bush, in power from 2001 to 2009, behaved in a way the U.S. Founding Fathers would have strongly disapproved, since he vied with the Congress to concentrate the power to wage war in his own hands, using Congress as a rubber stamp.


One would have thought that newly elected President Barack Obama, in a democratic spirit, would have attempted to reverse this dangerous move toward turning the U.S. presidency into an initiator of foreign wars. Unfortunately, President Barack Obama did the reverse, increasing rather than reducing the president’s discretionary powers to wage wars.


Indeed, Nobel Peace Laureate Obama didn’t waste any time in arguing that he had, as U.S. president, the authority to wage war in Iraq, in Syria, in Libya, or elsewhere, without U.S. Congress’s approval, contending that previous so-called ‘use of force congressional authorizations’ remain in effect indefinitely. Indeed, President Obama claimed, just as President George W. Bush had done before him, that the broad ‘Authorization for use of Military Force’ on terror (AUMF) passed by Congress after Sept. 11, 2001, and the 2002 ‘Authorization to use Military Force’ in Iraq had, in fact, no expiration date and that they authorize an American president to act like an emperor or a king, and to unilaterally use military force or wage war of his own volition.


This is a very serious matter, because if this theory were to be confirmed and entrenched in practice, without a formal constitutional amendment, the precedent would mean that the U.S. Constitution has de facto been pushed aside and the United States has become less of a republic, and more of an empire. [This would tend to confirm the title of my book ‘The New American Empire’]


What is more, President Obama has acted aggressively according to his theory of presidential war powers. He has launched eight times as many drone strikes in other countries as did President George W. Bush; and, according to his own boasting, he has “ordered military action in seven countries”. This is not a legacy he should be proud of.


The destruction of the independent nations of Iraq, Libya and Syria and the worsening of the chaos in the Middle East


As far as U.S. involvements in the Middle East are concerned, President Barak Obama did not substantially break away from the neocon-inspired imperial policies of the George W. Bush administration.


It is sometimes argued that president Obama’s decision to withdraw American troops from Iraq, in 2011, marked a break with the previous administration. In fact, the Bush-Cheney administration had already decided on such a withdrawal in 2008, when the Iraqi government refused to grant legal immunity to American troops in that country.


In supervising the withdrawal of troops from Iraq, the Obama administration was simply implementing a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), which had previously been signed between the U.S. government and the Iraqi government to that effect. According to the agreement, U.S. combat troops had to be out of Iraq by December 31, 2011.


With one or two exceptions mentioned above (the Iran deal and the normalizing of relations with Cuba), President Obama has not failed to embrace a military solution to serve the neocons’ many narratives in the Middle East and elsewhere.


In fact, if it can be said that President George W. Bush destroyed the country of Iraq, President Barack Obama, through his policies and actions, most of the time without the support of Congress, destroyed two other Middle East countries, i.e. Libya and Syria, while extending the U.S. military mission in Afghanistan, and while supporting an embarrassing ally, Saudi Arabia, in destroying Yemen.


These countries were no threat to the United States. Even though President Obama received a Nobel Peace Prize, he was no peace president, by a long shot. As a matter of fact, President Obama has been continuously at war longer than any other American president in U.S. history. With his administration, it was really more of the same and a far cry from his campaign promises to “change things in Washington D.C.


Under the cover of fighting terrorism, and to destabilize, divide and provoke “regime changes” in Libya and in Syria, for example, the United States—but also European countries such as France and the U.K., leading members of NATO—has relied on covert operations to support foreign mercenaries and Islamist groups of terrorists in these countries, giving them arms and logistics support, and inciting them to overthrow the established governments.


Thanks to the financial assistance given these terrorist groups, especially the self-proclaimed Sunni Islamist State (ISIS), by Sunni countries such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar or Turkey, the pro-Israeli neocons, who wanted to redraw the Middle East according to their mad theory of  “constructive chaos”, have succeeded beyond their wildest dreams, with a devastating international refugee crisis as an extra. Ironically, European countries are, for now, the main victims of the waves of refugees resulting from the politics of chaos. 


As the de facto head of NATO, President Barack Obama and his neocon advisers, with the latter’s Manichean view of the world, must bear a large part of the responsibility for these disastrous results. The chaos in the Middle East is a huge failure for him, even though the neocons in his administration would deem such a manufactured chaos, a success!


Indeed, the countries of Iraq, Libya and Syria were considered, to different degrees, to be regional rivals of Israel, besides having large reserves of oil. Moreover, the latter countries have been on top of the list of seven countries discovered by General Wesley Clark, in late September 2001, as being the very countries the Pentagon planned to attack and destroy.


The destruction of Iraq can be attributed to the Bush-Cheney administration, since they are the politicians who used different subterfuges to launch an illegal war of aggression against that country, on March 20, 2003. However, what is most amazing is the fact that the Obama administration decided to follow the same policy in Libya and in Syria. Sooner or later, Mr. Barack Obama will have to explain why.


President Obama has sided with Saudi Arabia and other Islamic countries in their efforts to spread Wahhabi extremism around the world


The world, and especially Western Europe, is under the threat of the most virulent brand of Islamism, i.e. Wahhabi extremism, a theo-fascist ideology, which is promoted by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and other Islamic countries, and which is, to a large extent, behind global Islamic terrorism. Instead of denouncing that curse of the 21st Century, President Obama has gone out of his way to be subservient and even to bow to the leaders of Saudi Arabia during multiple trips to that country. The question has been often raised: Why has President Obama been so cozy with the Saudi Royal Family, even when the latter snubbed him publicly?


There is no country in the world that violates more openly basic human rights than the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. One would think the United States would be at the forefront to denounce such violations. The Wahhabi, either from Saudi Arabia or other Islamic countries, have used hundreds of billions of petro-dollars to build madrassas and huge mosques in Western countries, including in the United States, to promote their corrosive ideology. The Obama administration did not raise any objection when the largest mosque in the United States was built, in Lanham, Maryland. It is worth noting that, in 2010, Norway did refuse the construction of mosques with foreign money in that country.


The Obama administration has extended the neocon-inspired politics of chaos to Ukraine and Russia, and it has rekindled a Cold War II with Russia


Why has the Obama administration been so anxious to start a New Cold War with Russia? We see here another contradiction between what President Barack Obama says, and what he does. For a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, are an aggressive military encirclement of a country and the sending of military forces to its borders acts of peace or acts of war? Why is Obama doing precisely that to Russia? Why is he risking a nuclear confrontation with Russia? That defies logic.


The only stretch of logic to explain such warmongering is that it is an attempt by the U.S. government to sabotage any economic and political cooperation between Russia and European countries, in order to keep Europe under some sort of an American protectorate.


Why is President Obama following the neocon plan? Why did he choose Ashton Carter as Secretary of Defense, a known warmonger and the Pentagon’s former chief weapons buyer, who is on record as wanting a military confrontation with Russia?


These are important questions that should be addressed to Mr. Obama, and all the more so since Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton has indicated she would push in the same direction, if she were elected president.


Let us keep in mind that in February 2014, the Obama administration eagerly jumped at the opportunity to support a coup in Ukraine to overthrow that country’s elected government. It also armed the putchists, and encouraged them to commit atrocities against Ukraine’s ethnic Russian population. Such interference in the affairs of another nation is part of a larger neocon-inspired policy of militarizing Eastern Europe under the cover of NATO.


President Obama’s personal contribution to the nuclear arms race and to the threat of nuclear war


Even though president Barack Obama promised a nuclear-free world, and pledged, in a speech delivered in Prague, on April 5, 2009, “to seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons” and to reduce the role of nuclear weapons in our national security strategy”, and again in Hiroshima, on Friday May 27, 2016, his words have not been followed by concrete steps in that direction. Instead, Mr. Obama seemed satisfied to passively pursue the same nuclear “modernization” program that involved the development of a new set of American nuclear weapons, initiated under the previous George W. Bush administration.


On September 30, 2004, then Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry, in a debate with President George W. Bush, complained that the Bush administration was “spending hundreds of millions of dollars to research bunker-busting nuclear weapons. The United States is pursuing a new set of nuclear weapons. It doesn’t make sense. You talk about mixed messages. We’re telling other people, ‘You can’t have nuclear weapons,’ but we’re pursuing a new nuclear weapon that we might even contemplate using.


In a Nuclear Posture Review on April 6, 2010, the Obama administration seemed to echo Mr. Kerry and stated that the United States would “not develop new nuclear warheads or pursue new military missions or new capabilities for nuclear weapons.”


However, President Barack Obama wasted no time in violating his promise of not “developing new nuclear warheads” and of “reducing the role of nuclear weapons in U.S. military strategy”. Instead, he seemingly embarked on the same nuclear program, which had apparently not been stopped at all, to develop an array of new nuclear weapons that made contemplation of their use more acceptable (smaller, more accurate, less lethal), just as the Bush II administration had done before. In other words, Mr. Obama has prepared the United States to get engaged in “small nuclear wars” in the future. This is quite a “legacy”!


The new American nuclear weapon is, as the New York Times has reported, the B61 Model 12, a nuclear bomb tested in Nevada in 2015. This is the first of five new nuclear warhead types planned as part of an American atomic revitalization program budgeted at a cost estimated at $1 trillion over three decades. So much for “a world without nuclear weapons”!


Domestically, income and wealth inequalities have continued to rise to high levels and poverty to increase under the Obama administration


On Jan. 20, 2014, a Gallup poll found that two-thirds of Americans were dissatisfied with the way income and wealth are distributed in the U.S. —People are therefore vaguely aware that there is something fundamentally wrong with the way the economic system works, and they are right to think that the economy is rigged against the interests of the majority and in favor of special interests.


According to a new Pew Research Center analysis of public data, the American middle class is shrinking, its proportion among U.S. households falling from 55 percent in 2000 to 51 percent in 2014. [N.B.: An American middle class family of two adults and two children, in 2014, is one earning a minimum of $48,083]. This shift has produced a wave of discontent throughout the United States.


Presidential candidates Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders, on opposite sides of the electoral spectrum, reflect this deep dissatisfaction and even the anger at the economic, financial and taxation policies pursued by the U.S. government and the establishment, over the last thirty years.


Indeed, for the last fifteen years, from 1999 to 2014, the median income of American households globally has declined by 8 percent.

-The median incomes of lower-income families fell by 10 percent during the same period, from $26,373 to $23,811.

- The median income of middle-income households decreased by 6 percent, from $77,898 to $72,919.

- And, reflecting the large inequalities even among upper-income households, the median income in that group also fell by 7 percent, even though, as a group, the relative importance of this segment of American households went from 17 to 20 percent. The group’s median income fell from $186,424 in 1999 to $173,207 in 2014.


In fact, the only segment of the U.S. population that has benefited from the economic, financial and taxation policies of the last three administrations (Clinton-Bush-Obama), and from technological changes that have occurred during the period, is the top echelon of the upper-income class.


The super rich have raked in the most, while profiting the most from various tax loopholes, which have lowered their average tax rate from 27 percent in 1992 to less than 17 percent in 2012. In fact, America's super rich get richer and they are laughing their way to tax havens!


There is something fundamentally wrong and corrupt going on in the U.S. economy, and obviously, the Obama administration has been unable or unwilling to address the problem.


Official government statistics tend to underestimate real unemployment and real inflation


All those wars waged abroad and the trillions of dollars spent on them have enriched some super wealthy Americans, but not ordinary Americans. Instead, they have impoverished them. Ordinary Americans are falling behind because their incomes are stagnant or falling, and because real unemployment rates and inflation rates are higher than reported.


According to official statistics, the annual rates of unemployment and of inflation (the consumer price index) would seem to be under control. For the first quarter of 2016, the U.S. unemployment rate hovers around 5.0 percent, while the inflation rate is just above 1.0 percent, pushed down by the decline in oil prices and by a relatively strong U.S dollar.


The problem with official statistics, however, is that the method to measure them has changed over time. This doesn’t mean that the new measures are willfully misleading. It only means that the old measures may be a better indicator of how unemployment and inflation impact certain sectors of the population.


In fact, some economists prefer to rely on the old methods of calculating unemployment and inflation to get a more realistic picture of what ordinary people are going through. For example, U.S. economist Walter J. Williams calculates so-called “alternate” statistics of unemployment and inflation.


For unemployment, certain categories of unemployed people have been excluded from the published official statistics. For instance, long-term and short-term discouraged workers, not actively searching for work, were excluded from the new official measure of unemployment rates, in 1994. Neither do official statistics count part-time workers who are forced to work part-time because they cannot find full-time employment.


As a consequence, when labor force participation rates drop because of the above, official unemployment figures indicate a decline in unemployment, even though this is not really exact. According to some estimates, if unemployment and underemployment were taken into consideration, the alternate rate of unemployment, in April 2016, would have been 22.9 percent, not the narrow official measure of 5.0 percent.


Similarly, official measures of inflation were changed in 1980 and in 1990, as a way to reduce the annual cost-of-living-adjustments for retirement benefits. For instance, when the price of certain items increases, they are replaced in the basket of consumer goods by other items, which cost less. Similarly, even if the price of some goods increases, such increase is reduced by a factor reflecting the higher quality of the goods available. If the old method of calculating inflation had been used, in April 2016, the alternate annual inflation rate would not have been 1.13 percent, as the official CPI measurements indicated, but would have been close to 5.0 percent, according to one measure, and even close to 9.0 percent according to another measure.


All this is to say that when people see their rents, condo fees, taxes, grocery purchases, etc., increase in price, and they experience a drop in their standard of living because of their stagnant or declining incomes, they are not necessarily hallucinating.


The Obama administration has allowed corporations and megabanks to offshore jobs and profits


A major feature of our times is that corporate profits are way up, while wages are stagnant, and corporate taxes are way down.


Indeed, a partial answer to the many issues raised above is the fact that the Obama administration has been guilty of pursuing and even intensifying the move toward lower taxes for corporations, and more profits for large corporations and megabanks on two accounts.


First, the Obama administration has initiated two mammoth international “trade deals”. Those trade “deals” were mostly kept secret because one of their main objectives is to guarantee legal protection to world corporations and megabanks against elected national governments and give them immunity from national prosecution.


The most recent examples of such “deals” are the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with Europe and the Transpacific Trade Partnership (TTP) with countries in Asia.


It must be understood by all that these so called “free trade” agreements are really not genuine free trade agreements for the unhampered movement of goods between countries, based on comparative national advantages, but are really instead corporate and banking agreements to protect corporations and megabanks against national governments, their taxation and their regulations.


Such agreements, negotiated in near complete secrecy, pursue geopolitical objectives. They are an attempt to build a worldwide economic and financial order that supersedes national states and they represent also an effort to protect the corporate and banking elites—the establishment 1%—against national governments. In the case of the TTIP, its geopolitical objective is to prevent European countries from developing comprehensive trade agreements with Russia. In the case of TTP, the objective is to isolate China. In the eyes of Washington D.C. neocon planners, they are part of ongoing economic warfare.


Second, the Obama administration has not taken the necessary steps to stop rich individuals and profitable corporations and banks from using tax havens and industrial inversion schemes to avoid paying taxes at home.


The Obama administration, and even more so the entire U.S. Congress, are under the influence of those interests whose objective is to build a worldwide economic and financial system that shields the 1% establishment’s wealth and power against any encroachment by national governments, at least from those governments the international elite does not yet fully control. We are talking here about an unelected world economic and financial empire with no frontiers, unencumbered by normal democratic rules.


This may be a big factor in explaining why the economy is languishing. Indeed, when corporate profits are not reinvested in the economy, but are hoarded and stashed away in tax havens, they do not increase domestic demand. U.S. corporations have about $1,400 billion ($1.4 trillion) sleeping in foreign tax havens. If all that money were repatriated, not only would the government have a lower deficit, but also the economy would greatly benefit from increased investments.


This is a somewhat scandalous situation the Obama administration and the U.S. Congress have done very little about. On the contrary, both have been slow in putting a stop to so-called corporate “inversions”, which have allowed companies to find a foreign suitor and switch their headquarters abroad to dodge taxes. Both have also extended patent protection to already entrenched corporations at the expense of startup companies. And it is only recently that they have moved to block so-called megamergers—all developments that have reduced competition, created oligopolies, increased corporations’ market power and raised prices.


This maybe the most glaring example of a lack of economic leadership on the part of the Obama administration, second only perhaps to the imperial wars it has initiated and encouraged. It is true that Mr. Obama has himself little competence or experience in economics and in finance, and that may explain why the above issues have not received all the attention they deserve.


President Barack Obama let neocons infiltrate his administration at the highest levels


After President Obama began making appointments to senior positions in his new administration, in late 2008, a leading neocon, Richard Perle, former chair of the Defense Policy Board under President George W. Bush and a leading architect of the Iraq war, expressed his contentment in these words: “I’m quite pleased… There’s not going to be as much change as we were led to believe.”


Therefore, it can be said that President Obama’s betrayal of his promises to enact change began very early in his administration. For instance, he kept George W. Bush’s Defense Secretary, Robert Gates, in his post, as an indication he wanted continuity and not a break with the previous administration.


Then, he went on paying his electoral debts. First, he named Rahm Emanuel as his White House chief of staff, a neocon member of the House of Representatives, and also a former assistant to President Bill Clinton and a supporter of presidential candidate Hillary Clinton.


Then, in a move that brought glee to the ranks of neoconservatives, he appointed belligerent and neocon-supported Hillary Clinton as Secretary of State. The neoconservative Weekly Standard applauded her nomination, calling her a “Warrior Queen”! Even Bush’s Vice President Dick Cheney declared to be “impressed” with her nomination. As MSNBC’s Joe Scarborough branded her, Hillary Clinton is a “neocon’s neocon”, because “there’s hardly been a military engagement that Hillary hasn’t been for in the past twenty years.”


President Barack Obama went on to appoint a long list of other neocons to senior positions in his administration, not the least being the nomination of Ms. Victoria Nuland, a Dick Cheney adviser, as Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs, in May 2013. From then on, the die was cast as to what kind of administration President Obama would lead. Real change would have to wait.


President Obama had zero influence in solving the secular Palestinian-Israeli Conflict (1948-  )


For nearly three quarters of a century now, the rotten Palestinian-Israeli conflict has endured for two main reasons: the intransigence of the Israeli government in closing the door to any new settlements, and the active pro-Israel veto of the U.S. government at the United Nations.


In 2008, one of presidential candidate Barack Obama pledges was to actively pursue a peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians. He had, as he said, a two-fold strategy: restoring America’s tarnished image among Muslims and persuading the Israeli government to stop settlement expansion on Palestinian lands. On both accounts, he failed. As it has been the case with Mr. Obama’s other promises, there was less substance behind the rhetoric and the platitudes than met the eye. For example, he did not set up a special task force to implement the policy he professed to wish to put forward.


Consequently, President Barack Obama has had no observable influence in stopping the far-right Netanyahu Israeli government from pursuing its illegal settlements in Palestinian territory. He did not get any success either in persuading the government of Israel to enter into serious peace talks to solve the festering conflict and end the occupation of Palestine. And the reason is obvious: President Obama did not dare withdraw the U.S. veto protecting the state of Israel at the United Nations, even though there were some rumblings to that effect.


Worse maybe, is the fact that President Obama let himself be publicly snubbed and humiliated by Prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in early 2015, when the latter disregarded a non-invitation by the Obama administration and nevertheless entered the United States and addressed the U.S. Congress. This created a weird occurrence, because this was a violation of basic diplomatic rules. It was a public display of the Israeli government’s contempt for the American President.


In 2001, Benjamin Netanyahu boasted that he knew what America is. —America is a thing that you can move very easily, move it in the right direction.” What Netanyahu meant, of course, is that the pro-Israel lobby in the United States is so financially and politically powerful that an Israeli leader can publicly insult the American president, with no consequences, and even with the enthusiastic approval of an obliging U.S. Congress. President Barack Obama never looked so weak and so despondent as during this awkward and unreal situation.


President Obama did not release elements of proof linking Saudi Arabia to the 9/11 terrorists


A last point is also worthy of mention. Despite numerous requests, President Obama has refused to inform adequately the American people on the extent of Saudi Arabia’s involvement in supporting the 9/11 terrorists. The families of the victims of the 9/11 attacks and scores of others have called on Mr. Obama to release the classified 28-page portion of a special House-Senate congressional report on the 9/11 attacks, produced in 2002, and purportedly identifying individuals at the highest levels of the Saudi government as the financing agents of some of the 9/11 terrorists. In mid-April, President Obama even said that a decision to release the information was “imminent”.


After his trip to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia last April, it seems that the “imminence” of the release was postponed sine die. Rather, President Obama went even further and promised to refuse to sign into law a bill that would have made the kingdom of Saudi Arabia liable for damages stemming from the September 11 terror attacks. However, he did not extend the same privilege to the Government of Iran, which is being sued by Americans for alleged damages.


Even though president Barack Obama promised, on January 29, 2009,a new era of transparent and open Government”, this seemingly did not apply to the rights of Americans to know who was behind the 9/11 attacks that resulted in 3,000 horrific American deaths. This has led some observers to call his administration “the least transparent in history”. This is another example of Mr. Obama saying one thing and doing the opposite. It seems to be a pattern in his modus operandi.


General conclusion


Why has there been such a contrast between President Obama’s words and his deeds? After all, he promised “to end the mindset that got us into war”.


There are three possible explanations. First, as a politician, Barack Obama may not have been completely sincere when he said he wanted to change the mentality in Washington D.C. He may have thought that these were only words to be soon forgotten. —Politicians are ambitious opportunists and Mr. Obama was not different. Second, those who wrote his speeches may not have been the same ones making the policies. Thus, the gulf observed between the flowery speeches and the actual policies. Third, there is possibly a less generous explanation: Mr. Obama may have been a convenient figurehead used by those who really control the U.S. government in the shadows. —It could be a mixture of all these explanations.


One can surely argue that the Obama administration, on the whole, was ‘less bad’ than the previous Bush-Cheney administration, both domestically and internationally. However, because elected presidential candidate Barack Obama arrived at the White House without any administrative experience and without having his own brain trust, and seemingly, without having a clear plan on how to implement his lofty promises, he had to submit himself to the same neocon advisers and warmongering interventionists who were omnipresent in the previous administration. He ended up reacting rather than acting; following rather than leading.


That is why the Obama administration’s policies, especially foreign policy, with a few notable exceptions, did not diverge appreciably from those imperial policies pursued by the previous Bush-Cheney administrations. President Barack Obama, the Nobel Peace Prize laureate, has failed to live up to the promises he made and the hopes he raised.


Both neocon-inspired administrations ended up creating an enduring mess in the world that future governments, and even future generations, will have to deal with.




Economist Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay is the author of the book

The Code for Global Ethics, Ten Humanist Principles”,

Please visit the book site


Posted, Monday, May 30, 2016, at 8:30 am


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N.B. Published in CounterPunch, May 30, 2016


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© 2016 by Big Picture World Syndicate, Inc.



April-May, 2016

Why Have Politicians Abandoned Economic and Financial Policies to Non-Elected Bankers?


By Rodrigue Tremblay



N.B. La version franćaise de cet article suit ce texte.

Sunday, April 17, 2016

Ten Reasons Why Bill and Hillary Clinton Do Not Deserve a Third Term in the White House

By Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”, and

 The New American Empire)


 “Few things are more dangerous than empires pushing their own interest in the belief they are doing humanity a favor.”
 Eric Hobsbawm (1917-2012)

British historian, June 10, 2003


"It should be the policy of the United States to support efforts to remove the regime headed by Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq..." Bill Clinton (1946- ), The neocon-sponsored Iraq Liberation Act, signed by President Clinton into law, in 1998


“I’m going to ask for his ideas, I’m going ask for his advice, and I’m going use him [former President Bill Clinton] as a goodwill emissary to go around the country to find the best ideas we’ve got, because I do believe, as he said, everything that’s wrong with America has been solved somewhere in America.” Hillary Clinton (1947- ), during a debate on January 17, 2016


 “I'll tell you how good our military is doing under [former CIA Director] Michael Hayden and people such as this. We've been fighting wars in the Middle East for 15 years, 18 years. We were in for four or five trillion dollars; we don't know what we're doing; we don't know who we're fighting; we're arming people that we want on our side, we don't know who they are.

When they take over a country, they're worse than people they depose.” Donald Trump (1946- ), in a response to a public letter by establishment national security so-called ‘experts’



Polls indicate that most of the 2016 U.S. presidential candidates, with a few exceptions, have more than 50 % negative ratings. Also, poll after poll, after poll show that most Americans are dissatisfied with the way things are, and some are even outspokenly “angry” at the current situation. The polls also indicate a high degree of polarization.


That may also explain why two of the leading presidential candidates this year, Democratic Bernie Sanders and Republican Donald Trump, are both proposing anti-establishment and populist policies to get the United States out of its current rut.


On the domestic front, each, if elected, would advance economic policies designed to assist the American middle class, which has been decimated after nearly thirty years of economic and financial globalization and from so-called “trade deals” which have mainly benefited large corporations and mega banks, because they are essentially “investment and financial deals”, before being bona fide “trade deals”.


On foreign policy, both would like to extricate the U.S. from costly wars abroad that have been going on for so long. Most of these wars have been the pet projects of pro-Israel neoconservatives (shortened to neocons), inside and outside the U.S. government, ever since the latter de facto took over American foreign policy, after the end of the Cold War, in 1991.


It is indeed well documented that prominent neocons became very influential during the Bush I and Bush II administrations, in 1989-1993 and in 2001-2009. Many people remember how characters such as Paul Wolfowitz, John Bolton, Elliott Abrams, Richard Perle, Douglas Feith, …etc. used different tactics to push the United States into a never-ending imperialistic war, branded as “preemptive wars” in the Middle East, beginning with an unprovoked military aggression against Iraq, in 2003.


But, even if this has been less publicized, neocons have also played important roles in the Bill Clinton administration (1993-2001) and in the current Barack Obama administration (2009-2017), in promoting a series of wars abroad, especially in the Middle East and in Europe, and in sowing the seeds of financial crises at home.


Since Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton has publicly declared that she intends to consult with her former-president husband, if she becomes president, it is of paramount importance to know what this means. Indeed, the question can be raised as to the likelihood that a Hillary Clinton’s presidency could be, in fact, some sort of a third term for the Clinton couple in the White House.


I have previously identified three major crises, which have their origin during the Bill Clinton administration.


Let us summarize them here and add a few more:


1-The de facto rekindling of a Cold War II with Russia


History will record that President Bill Clinton broke a promise made by his predecessor, President George H. Bush, that the U.S. government would not expand NATO into Eastern Europe, if Russia were to disband the Warsaw Pact. As we know, during his 1996 reelection campaign, on October 22,1996, President Clinton thought to be to his political advantage to promise an enlargement of NATO to include Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia. Nobody realized at the time that this heralded the beginning of a new cold war with Russia.


What is less well known is the fact that Ms. Hillary Clinton, when she was State Secretary in the Obama administration, appointed a prominent neocon, Victoria Nuland, wife of leading neocon Robert Kagan, to the post of Spokesperson for the U.S. Department of State. Ms. Nuland was promoted to Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs a few years later, in May 2013, in the same Democratic administration of Barack Obama. Previously, she had served as the principal deputy foreign policy adviser to Republican Vice President Dick Cheney in the George W. Bush administration, and later as U.S. ambassador to NATO.


Ms. Nuland is considered to be the key person in charge of provoking Russia into a Cold War II. (This is an indication that in Washington D.C., one can go easily from a Republican administration to a Democratic administration, provided one belongs to the neocon brotherhood).


2- The Clinton administration engineered the demise of the United Nations in 1998-1999


President Bill Clinton played a major role in undermining the credibility of the United Nations when he decided, in 1998 and in 1999, to enter the Kosovo War in Yugoslavia without an explicit mandate from the U.N. Security Council, as the 1945 U.N. Charter mandates. This was a very dangerous precedent.


Only a few years later, his successor, President George W. Bush invoked that precedent to launch the 2003 Iraq War, again with no outright mandate from the U.N. Security Council. Therefore, it can be said that President Bill Clinton bears an obvious responsibility for the current international state of anarchy, considering that the United Nations, for all practical purpose, has been sidelined in favor of NATO, to pursue U.S.-led imperialistic wars, which are waged outside of the international legal framework of the United Nations Charter and even in opposition to the Nuremberg Principles, which define military aggression as a crime against peace.


In 1991, few people anticipated that the collapse of the Soviet Union would eventually bring about the collapse of the United Nations, which has de facto been reduced to the same influence that the old League of Nations had before World War II.


3- Bill Clinton Sowed the Seeds of the 2008 Subprime Financial Crisis in 1999


On November 12, 1999, President Bill Clinton signed into law the Republican-sponsored Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which effectively removed the separation that previously existed under the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 between investment banking, which issue securities, and commercial banks that accept government insured deposits.


Before 1999, the Glass-Steagall Act made it illegal for a bank holding FDIC-insured deposits to invest in anything other than government bonds and similarly low-risk vehicles. With his signature, however, President Clinton allowed largely unregulated super large banks and large insurance companies to engage in risky financial practices, as they are known to have done historically and as it should have been expected. The banks and insurance companies’ new financial products collapsed, and that led to the devastating 2008 financial crisis.


While Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders has said that he would fully reinstate the Glass-Steagall Act, his opponent, former Secretary Hillary Clinton, has said that she would not reinstate the banking law, preferring instead to rely on measures to better control so-called shadow banking.


4- The 2003 Iraq War Began in 1998: President Bill Clinton’s Iraq Liberation Act of 1998


On February 19, 1998, a group of prominent neocons (Robert Kagan, Paul Wolfowitz, Elliot Abrams, John Bolton, Richard Perle, …etc.), anxious to get the United States involved in wars in the Middle East, wrote an open letter to President Bill Clinton. They were offering him a strategy for “the removal of Saddam Hussein’s regime from power” in Iraq.


President Clinton did not immediately go to war to please the neocons, after all he was nearing the end of his term, but he did sign the Republican-sponsored Iraq Liberation Act of 1998, on October 31, 1998, stating that "It should be the policy of the United States to support efforts to remove the regime headed by Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq…." That law opened the door for an American-led war against Iraq.


Indeed, President George W. Bush, in search for bi-partisan support for his planned war against Iraq, cited President Clinton’s Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 as a basis of support for the Congressional Authorization for use of Military Force Against Iraq of October 2002. We can say that President Bill Clinton set the U.S. government on a warpath against Iraq as early as 1998, and he therefore must share some responsibility for the disasters that have since resulted from that war.


5- Hillary Clinton’s Own Personal War of Aggression in Libya, (with false and misleading claims, and resulting in a huge refugee crisis)


President Barack Obama was reluctant to duplicate George W. Bush’s disaster with his military invasion of Iraq in 2003. That is why, in 2011, he hesitated to launch a new American war of aggression, this time against Libya, even though neocons inside and outside his administration were pushing hard for such a war. The latter country, headed by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, had the misfortune of having been singled out in the neocons’ grand plan as one of the Arab countries the neocons wished to overthrow and to destabilize the entire Middle East, using for that purpose the U.S. military to do Israel’s heavy lifting.


At the time, two heavyweights in the Obama administration, vice president Joe Biden and Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, were both adamantly opposed to getting the U.S. government and its military involved in another neocon-inspired ‘regime-change war’ in the Middle East. That wasn’t counting on the neocons’ main ally, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.


Indeed, Hillary Clinton overcame the Biden-Gates’ formidable opposition to a U.S. military intervention in Libya by persuading a weak President Obama that Libyan President Gaddafi had a supposed plan to carry out a “genocide” against his own people and that the U.S government had a “responsibility to protect” to avoid such a “genocide”, no matter what international law said. There is a dictum in French that “he who wants to kill his dog accuses him of having rabies”!


Such a proposal was in conformity with the precedent created by her president husband, Bill Clinton, who bombed Yugoslavia under similar circumstances, outside of international law, in 1998 and in 1999. It was also ironic that the President would side with her, considering that Barack Obama himself had campaigned against candidate Hillary Clinton in 2008, arguing that she had endorsed Bush's 2003 Iraq-war policies.


In 2011, the demonized Gaddafi government was indeed fighting some groups of rebels, supported by outside powers, who wanted to overthrow his government, but the claim of a planned “genocide” was greatly exaggerated.


After the U.S. intervened in Libya along with a few European nations, some rebel groups succeeded in capturing Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, on October 20, 2011. They sodomized him, and they murdered him and his family. Chaos ensued and Libya is still to this day a failed state run by groups of Islamic fanatics, besides creating millions of refugees fleeing their devastated land.


Hillary Clinton took full credit for creating the political mess in Libya, when she appeared on a TV interview and bragged with the boast, “we came; we saw; he died!” Her neocon advisers had told her that she would be remembered as having implemented some sort of a “Clinton Doctrine”! If creating a human catastrophe counts as “experience” in a résumé, then candidate Clinton is undoubtedly ‘qualified’ to become U.S. president. Her lack of basic human empathy is evident.


6- Hillary Clinton: Proud Candidate of the

                                  Establishment 1%


As professional politicians, Bill and Hillary Clinton have become the richest political couple of all times. In 2012, their combined net worth was in excess of $112,000,000.00. In contrast, Democratic candidate Bernie Sanders had a net worth of only $420,000.00. There is not a shadow of a doubt that the Clinton political family belongs to the 1% and even to the 0.1% of American taxpayers. Politics has been a most rewarding industry for them.


It is therefore no surprise that Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton is by far the establishment’s favored choice. Neocons find her a most reliable ally. If she becomes U.S. President, they will be able to continue and even accelerate their over-all plan for the Middle East. There would be joy in the land!


In contrast, presidential candidates Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump are both considered outsiders who oppose neocon-inspired American involvements in foreign wars and who favor fundamental domestic reforms. Democratic candidate Sanders, for one, backs aggressive social-oriented policies while Republican candidate Trump proposes to reign in industrial and financial globalization that has resulted in the loss of millions of well paid American jobs, when U.S. corporations began investing and moving their installations and their profits abroad.


In the case of Hillary Clinton, the entire Democratic primary system is biased and the dice are loaded, since some 719 so-called unelected “superdelegates”, representing party officials and organizers, sitting Democratic senators and representatives, lobbyists …etc., stand to tip the balance in her favor, as the establishment candidate, even if Bernie Sanders were to obtain a majority of the people behind him during the primaries. The superdelegate system was adopted in the 1980s to give the Democratic establishment a definitive advantage in determining the party’s presidential nominee and, if need be, to cancel the choice of the people.


Of all the 2016 U.S. presidential candidates, none is more pro-establishment than Hillary Clinton, and none more associated to that establishment and the mess the latter has created over the last quarter of century.


7- Hillary Clinton’s Eagerness to Launch “Regime change” Wars and Create Chaos in other Countries


Belligerent Hillary Clinton appears to be a John McCain in a skirt. As a U.S. Democratic senator from New York (2001-2009), she enthusiastically supported President George W. Bush's 2003 illegal Iraq War.


In her many thousand personal emails containing state secrets and sent to friends when she was U.S. Secretary of State, (possibly an illegal act), and discussing American foreign policies with outsiders, Hillary Clinton indicated on numerous occasions her willingness to use the U.S. military to fulfill Israel’s objectives in the Middle East. In one revealing email of hers, for example, and sent in the spring of 2012, she spelled out her views very clearly:

The best way to help Israel deal with Iran's growing nuclear capability is to help the people of Syria overthrow the regime of Bashar Assad

For Israeli leaders, the real threat from a nuclear-armed Iran is not the prospect of an insane Iranian leader launching an unprovoked Iranian nuclear attack on Israel that would lead to the annihilation of both countries. What Israeli military leaders really worry about  —but cannot talk about —is losing their nuclear monopoly…

Then, Israel and the United States might be able to develop a common view of when the Iranian program is so dangerous that military action could be warranted…

In short, the White House can ease the tension that has developed with Israel over Iran by doing the right thing in Syria.


There is no doubt that if and when candidate Hillary Clinton becomes U.S. president, she will be more than willing to use the United States military to do the heavy lifting and go to war so that a foreign country, Israel, could fulfill its political objectives in the Middle East. This is surely an important enough issue to warrant a discussion during a presidential election.


8- Hillary Clinton’s Close Ties to Wall Street and Special Interests


While candidate Bernie Sanders is mainly financing his campaign with small donations from supporters, and while candidate Donald Trump is self-financing his campaign, candidate Hillary Clinton has principally relied on large contributions from professional lobbyists and large corporations and mega banks. Citigroup Inc, Goldman Sachs, and Morgan Stanley are among her top contributors.


This should raise red flags as this could mean that she could naturally be more inclined to act in favor of big corporations and mega banks, before being the president “of the people, by the people and for the people”, in President Lincoln’s words.


U.S. financier and politician Simon Cameron (1799-1889) used to quip, “An honest politician is one who, when he is bought, will stay bought”. Indeed, considering the importance that big money has taken in American politics after the 2010 ‘Citizens United’ (5-4) decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, stating in effect that for profit ‘corporations’ are breathing people and that the use of ‘money’ is speech, the issue of how those who control huge amounts of money can influence the results of elections cannot be swept under the rug.


Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton is the only Democratic candidate accepting donations from federal lobbyists, corporate interests and super Political Action Committees (PACs), and even indirectly from foreign donors. Any candidate to high office who primarily relies on big money to be elected should be held accountable.


9- Hillary Clinton’s Responsibility in Ambassador Stevens’ Assassination and the Entire Benghazi Disaster


There were two scandals in the Benghazi Disaster, and Secretary Hillary Clinton was involved in both of them.


The first was that, on September 11, 2012, U.S. Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens and U.S. Foreign Service Information Management Officer Sean Smith were left unprotected, in a hostile environment, by Hillary Clinton’s State Department. And what is worse, before they were attacked and killed by Islamic militants in the diplomatic consular compound, they had requested military assistance and had been denied that assistance. Hillary Clinton has taken responsibility for the lapse in security.


The second scandal is the fact that Secretary Hillary Clinton had seemingly accepted that the U.S. diplomatic mission in Libya be merged with the CIA’s covert operations in that country, thus placing the State Department personnel in harm’s way. As early as March 2011, Ambassador Stevens had been named the first liaison with the Libyan opposition made of Islamic rebels, to whom the CIA was channeling weapons and providing tactics to overthrow the Libyan government.


According to investigative journalist Seymour Hersh, “The [U.S.] consulate’s only mission [in Benghazi] was to provide cover for the moving of arms. It had no real political role.” And those arms and weapons were not only supplied to Islamic rebels to overthrow the Libyan government of President Gaddafi, they were also smuggled into Syria to other Islamic rebels in their attempt to overthrow the government of Bashar al-Assad.


This is a very murky affair considering that all those covert operations were illegal under international law, and this casts a long shadow on Hillary Clinton’s record and ‘experience’.


10- Hillary Clinton is Publicly Committed to U.S.-led Imperial Wars, Especially in the Middle East


In her 2016 speech to the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), on March 21, candidate Hillary Clinton stated clearly her intentions to push the United Nations aside when she declared, I would vigorously oppose any attempt by outside parties to impose a solution [to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict], including by the U.N. Security Council.” In a similar speech during the Democratic primary in Pennsylvania, in April 2008, when she was also a presidential candidate, she went as far as to declare, that to defend Israel, If I’m President, we will attack Iran… We would be able to totally obliterate them.”


Only a political psychopath could make such an outlandish statement to annihilate a country of 80 million people. That frame of mind should disqualify any person running to become American president. Her Democratic opponent at that time, candidate Barack Obama, accused Hillary Clinton of sabre-rattling and pointed out that this was the kind of language used by the George W. Bush administration.


Hillary Clinton has all the credentials as a pro-perpetual war candidate. That is probably because she adopts the self-serving and dangerous myth of American Exceptionalism. In her biographical book ‘Hard Choices’ and in various interviews, she has proclaimed her belief that “America remains the ‘indispensable nation.’ ” This is a dangerous posture by politicians who control nuclear arms. The history of the 20th Century and the rise of Nazi Germany should teach any democratic leader to refrain from brandishing the superiority of their nation over others.


For example, candidate Hillary Clinton is still on the record as supporting a U.S. imposed no-fly zone in Syria, similar to the one she advocated in Libya, in 2011, with disastrous results, since Islamist terrorists have taken over that country. It seems that Hillary Clinton has learned nothing from the Libyan fiasco she created. That shows very bad judgment.




Senator Rand Paul (R-KY), said, in 2015, "Hillary Clinton is a neocon, [because] she supported the war in Iraq, in Afghanistan…

If Hillary Clinton is president, we will be back at war in the Middle East."


Considering Hillary Clinton’s numerous hawkish statements over the years and her dismal record at the State Department, the question whether she is, or she is not, a neoconservative should be squarely put to her to be answered in a proper forum. From her statements, there is no doubt that candidate Hillary Clinton would be a pro-perpetual war American president. This is a perspective that Democrats and the American electorate in general should ponder.


Even more fundamentally, perhaps, considering the questionable legacy that President Bill Clinton left behind during his two presidential terms, in 1993-1997 and in 1997-2001, and considering that the former president is most likely going to be a close adviser to his wife, if she becomes president, Americans should ask themselves if they want to support the Clinton couple for a third term (2017-2021) in the White House.






Economist Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay is the author of the book The Code for Global Ethics, Ten Humanist Principles”,

Please visit the book site at:


and his blog at:



Posted, Sunday, April 17, 2016, at 7:30 am


To write to the author:




Le vendredi 29 avril, 2016

Élections américaines : Dix raisons pour lesquelles Bill et Hillary Clinton ne méritent pas un troisiŹme mandat ą la Maison-Blanche

Par le Professeur Rodrigue Tremblay

Auteur du livre « Le Code pour une éthique globale »

et du livre « Le nouvel empire américain »


« Peu de choses sont plus dangereuses que les empires poussant leurs propres intérźts dans la croyance qu'ils font ą l'humanité une faveur. » Eric Hobsbawm (1917-2012), 'historien britannique, le 10 juin, 2003


« Il devrait źtre la politique des Etats-Unis de soutenir les efforts visant ą supprimer le régime dirigé par Saddam Hussein du pouvoir en Irak... » Bill Clinton (1946- ), tiré de la loi inspirée des neocons, et appelée l‘Iraq Liberation Act’, promulguée par le Président Clinton, en 1998


« Je vais solliciter ses idées, je vais lui demander des conseils et je vais l’utiliser [l’ancien président Bill Clinton] en tant qu’émissaire de bonne volonté pour faire le tour du pays afin de trouver les meilleures idées que nous avons, parce que je crois aussi, comme il l’a lui-mźme dit, qu’on a déją résolu quelque part en Amérique ce qui ne va pas avec l'Amérique. » Hillary Clinton (1947- ), candidate démocrate ą la présidence américaine, lors d'un débat le 17 janvier, 2016


« Je vais vous dire ce que font nos militaires sous la responsabilité de  [l’ancien directeur de la CIA] Michael Hayden et de gens comme lui. Nous sommes en guerre au Moyen-Orient depuis 15 ans, 18 ans. Nous avons dépensé quatre ou cinq mille milliards de dollars ; Nous ne savons pas ce que nous faisons; Nous ne savons pas contre qui nous nous battons. Nous armons des gens que nous voulons de notre côté, mais nous ne savons pas qui ils sont.

Quand ils prennent le contrôle d’un pays, ils sont pires que ceux qu'ils ont renversés. » Donald Trump (1946- ), candidat républicain ą la présidence américaine, en réponse ą une lettre ouverte de soi-disant « experts » en sécurité nationale


En démocratie, les citoyens connaissent en général peu de choses sur les candidats pour qui ils votent, en bien ou en mal, au-delą de l’image officielle créée par la propagande. Dans le cas de la candidate démocrate Hillary Clinton, cela fait environ 40 ans qu’elle et son mari, l’ex président Bill Clinton, sont en politique active. Cet article vise ą éclairer quelque peu la réalité qui se cache derriŹre les impressions parfois superficielles que l’on a d’eux.


Disons pour commencer qu’il existe présentement aux États Unis un grand mécontentement populaire ą l’endroit des politiciens associés ą l’establishment politique et corporatif du pays. Sondage aprŹs sondage montrent une grande insatisfaction, sinon une certaine colŹre, de l’électorat ą l’endroit des politiciens en place, et mźme ą l’endroit des candidats qui veulent les remplacer. Il y rŹgne aussi une grande polarisation de l’électorat.


Il n’y a donc rien de surprenant ą ce que deux candidats présidentiels, le démocrate Bernie Sanders et le républicain Donald Trump tiennent un discours anti establishment, et proposent des politiques de nature populiste pour sortir leur pays du marasme relatif qui perdure.


En politique intérieure, les deux candidats populistes Sanders et Trump mettent tous deux de l’avant, ą leur faćon, des politiques favorables ą la classe moyenne. Cette derniŹre a subi les contrecoups de quelques trente ans de mondialisation économique et financiŹre et de l’implantation d’accords de ‘libre échange’, lesquels sont, en définitive, des accords pour les investisseurs et les grandes banques, bien avant d’źtre des ententes purement commerciales.


En politique extérieure, les deux se dissocient des guerres étrangŹres, coěteuses et facultatives, dans lesquelles le gouvernement américain s’est lancé au cours des derniŹres décennies. La plupart de ces guerres, surtout celles encore en cours au Moyen Orient, furent entreprises sous la pression des néoconservateurs pro-israéliens (connus sous l’appellation abrégée de néocons), lesquels sont fort influents tant ą l’intérieur qu’ą l’extérieur du gouvernement américain, et lesquels dominent la politique étrangŹre étatsunienne depuis la fin de la Guerre froide, en 1991.


Il est bien connu, en effet, que des néo-conservateurs de premier plan sont devenus trŹs influents dans les hautes sphŹres des administrations Bush I (1989-1993) et Bush II (2001-2009). Beaucoup se souviennent de la faćon dont des personnages tels que Paul Wolfowitz, John Bolton, Elliott Abrams, Richard Perle, Douglas Feith, ... etc., usŹrent de différentes tactiques pour impliquer les États Unis dans une guerre sans fin de type impériale, présentée comme une série de « guerres dites préventives » au Moyen-Orient. La premiŹre fut, bien sěr, l’agression militaire non provoquée de George W. Bush contre l'Irak, en mars 2003.


Mźme si cela est moins connu, les néocons ont également joué un rôle important dans l'administration de Bill Clinton (1993-2001) et dans l’administration actuelle de Barack Obama (2009-2017). Dans les deux cas, ils se sont faits les promoteurs d'une série de provocations et de guerres ą l'étranger, en particulier au Moyen-Orient, mais aussi en Europe de l’est, en plus de préparer le terrain pour des crises financiŹres futures, en mettant de l’avant des législations bancaires risquées.


Néanmoins, la candidate présidentielle qui a les meilleures chances, selon les sondages, d’accéder ą la présidence américaine, lors des élections du 8 novembre prochain, est Hillary Clinton. Celle-ci a d’ailleurs précisé qu’advenant son élection, elle n’hésiterait point ą consulter son mari, l’ancien Président Bill Clinton. (L’élection de Hillary Clinton deviendrait d’ailleurs une certitude si l’establishment républicain réussissait ą priver le milliardaire Donald Trump de l’investiture républicaine, alors qu’il a remporté le plus grand nombre de primaires).


Dans les circonstances, on peut se demander, primo, si l’élection de Hillary Clinton ą la présidence ne serait pas, en quelque sorte, un troisiŹme mandat du couple Clinton ą la Maison-Blanche, et secundo, ce que l’on peut attendre d’une telle éventualité. La boutade de Bill Clinton, en 1992, qu’avec le couple Clinton, les USA pouvaient avoir « deux présidents pour le prix d’un » n’a guŹre perdu de sa pertinence.


Il y a quelque temps, j’avais identifié trois crises majeures de ce début de siŹcle, dont les origines remontaient ą des décisions prises sous le rŹgne du Président Bill Clinton (1993-2001).


Nous pouvons peut-źtre les rappeler ici et en rajouter un certain nombre qui s’appliquent davantage ą la candidate Hillary Clinton:


1- La premiŹre crise a trait ą la relance d’une deuxiŹme Guerre froide avec la Russie


L'histoire retiendra que le président Bill Clinton prit sur lui-mźme de briser une importante promesse faite par son prédécesseur, le président George H. Bush, ą l’effet que le gouvernement américain n’allait pas agrandir l'OTAN en accueillant dans son sein des pays de l’Europe de l'Est, si la Russie acceptait de dissoudre le Pacte de Varsovie. Comme on le sait, au  cours de sa campagne de réélection, en 1996, plus précisément, le 22 octobre 1996, le président Clinton crut retirer un avantage électoral en  promettant d’élargir l'OTAN pour y englober la Pologne, la Hongrie et la Tchécoslovaquie. ň cette époque, peu de gens se rendaient compte que cette promesse brisée marquait le début d'une nouvelle guerre froide avec la Russie, comme l’a fait remarquer George F. Kennan (1904-2005), un diplomate américain et spécialiste de la Russie.


On connaĒt encore moins le fait que Mme Hillary Clinton, quand elle était secrétaire d'État dans le gouvernement démocrate de Barack Obama, nomma une personne néoconservatrice de premier plan, Mme Victoria Nuland, épouse de l’idéologue néoconservateur Robert Kagan, au poste de porte-parole du Département d'État américain. Mme Nuland fut par la suite promue au poste de secrétaire d'État adjointe aux affaires européennes et eurasiennes, soit en mai 2013, toujours dans la mźme administration démocrate de Barack Obama. Auparavant, elle avait travaillé pour Dick Cheney, alors vice président républicain dans le gouvernement de George W. Bush. Elle agissait alors comme conseillŹre principale de politique étrangŹre. Par aprŹs, elle fut nommée ambassadrice auprŹs de l'OTAN.


C’est la mźme Mme Nuland qui dirige présentement le programme américain qui vise ą provoquer la Russie dans une nouvelle guerre froide. (On a lą une preuve qu’ą Washington D.C., on peut transiter avec facilité d'une administration républicaine ą une administration démocrate, pourvu qu'on appartienne ą la confrérie des néo-conservateurs).


2- Le gouvernement de Bill Clinton s’est employé ą réduire le rôle des Nations Unies dans le monde, ą compter de 1998-1999


Le président Bill Clinton a miné considérablement la crédibilité des Nations Unies quand il décida d’ignorer le Conseil de Sécurité de l’ONU pour impliquer les États Unis dans la guerre du Kosovo, en 1998-1999, en lanćant une campagne de bombardements en Yougoslavie. Il s’agissait alors d’une violation flagrante de la Charte des Nations Unies, cette derniŹre proscrivant toute guerre d’agression qui ne rećoit pas son imprimatur. Ce fut un précédent dangereux.


En effet, quelques années plus tard, son successeur encore plus belliqueux et encore plus méprisant de la loi internationale, le président George W. Bush, invoqua le précédent mis de l’avant par Bill Clinton pour lancer une guerre d’agression contre l’Irak, en mars 2003, toujours sans recevoir l’aval du Conseil de Sécurité.


C’est pourquoi, on peut dire que le président Bill Clinton doit assumer une part évidente de responsabilité pour le chaos qui prévaut présentement dans le monde. En pratique, les Nations Unies ont dě céder leur place ą l’organisation de l’OTAN, laquelle dorénavant sert de caution plus ou moins ouverte aux guerres impériales que les États Unis mŹnent dans le monde. Cela est une violation du cadre légal de l’ONU et mźme des principes prévus dans la Charte de Nuremberg, cette derniŹre définissant une agression militaire comme étant un « crime contre la paix et la sécurité de l’humanité ».


En 1991, peu de gens virent que l'effondrement de l'Union soviétique finirait par provoquer l'effondrement de l'Organisation des Nations Unies, laquelle, peu ą peu, en est réduite au mźme niveau d’influence qu’avait l'ancienne Société des Nations, durant les années qui ont précédé la Seconde Guerre mondiale.


3- Bill Clinton a permis un retour aux abus bancaires d’avant la Grande Dépression, et il prépara le terrain pour la crise financiŹre de 2007-2009


En effet, le président Bill Clinton promulgua, le 12 novembre 1999, une loi parrainée par les sénateurs républicains Gramm, Leach et Bliley, laquelle loi éliminait, en pratique, la plupart des dispositions qui établissaient une séparation entre les banques d’affaires (lesquelles émettent des titres et d’autres produits risqués), et les banques commerciales (qui acceptent des dépôts assurés par le gouvernement), une séparation qui existait depuis 1933, en vertu de la Loi Glass-Steagall.


Avant l’adoption de la loi de 1999, sous le régime de la précédente loi Glass-Steagall, il était illégal pour une banque acceptant des dépôts assurés par la FDIC d’investir dans d'autres avoirs que des obligations gouvernementales et dans d’autres titres ą faible risque. Avec sa signature, cependant, le Président Clinton se trouva ą permettre aux super grandes banques et aux grandes compagnies d'assurance, dorénavant trŹs peu réglementées, d’adopter des pratiques financiŹres risquées, un penchant fort connu au cours de l’histoire et qu’il était facile de prédire qu’il allait se répéter si on enlevait les garde-fous. Comme on le sait, les nouveaux produits financiers des banques et des compagnies d'assurance se sont effondrés en 2007-2009, et cela a conduit ą la grande crise financiŹre dite des « subprimes ».


Alors que le candidat démocrate Bernie Sanders a déclaré vouloir rétablir pleinement la loi Glass-Steagall, son adversaire, l'ancienne secrétaire Hillary Clinton, s’oppose pour sa part au rétablissement la loi bancaire de 1933, préférant introduire des mesures pour mieux encadrer les pratiques du systŹme bancaire parallŹle qu’on appelle le «shadow banking».


4- La guerre américaine de 2003 contre l’Irak a véritablement commencé en 1998, avec la signature par le président Bill Clinton de la loi de la ‘Libération de l’Irak’


Le 19 février 1998, un petit groupe de néoconservateurs américains (Robert Kagan, Paul Wolfowitz, Elliot Abrams, John Bolton, Richard Perle, …etc.), désireux de pousser les États Unis dans une guerre au Moyen Orient, écrivirent une lettre ouverte au président Bill Clinton. Ils l’incitaient ą prendre les moyens nécessaires pour « renverser le régime de Saddam Hussein » en Irak.


Le président Clinton ne se lanća pas en guerre immédiatement pour faire plaisir aux néocons, aprŹs tout il était en fin de mandat, mais il accepta de faire sienne, en la signant le 31 octobre 1998, une loi concoctée par les Républicains et il promulgua la loi dite de ‘Libération de l’Irak’ (The Iraq Liberation Act). La loi stipulait que dorénavant, ce serait : « la politique des États Unis de soutenir les efforts pour renverser le régime de Saddam Hussein en Irak…». Bill Clinton fit mźme voter un montant de $97 millions de dollars pour l’entraĒnement et l’équipement militaire de l’opposition irakienne. Tout cela ouvrit la porte ą une guerre d’agression des États Unis contre l’Irak.


Ce ne fut donc pas une surprise quand le président George W. Bush, ą la recherche d’un appui bi partisan pour la guerre qu’il projetait contre l’Irak, se référa explicitement ą la loi de Libération de l’Irak de 1998, signée par le président Bill Clinton. Il s’en est servi pour faire adopter par le CongrŹs américain, le 2 octobre 2002, une loi qui autorisait le recours ą la force contre l’Irak. On peut donc dire que le président Bill Clinton mit la machine de guerre étatsunienne en marche contre l’Irak dŹs 1998, et il doit assumer une part de responsabilité pour tous les désastres humains et autres qui ont découlé de cette premiŹre guerre d’agression, au début du 21Źme siŹcle.


5- Hillary Clinton a ą son crédit sa propre guerre d’agression, (soit la guerre américaine en Libye menée sous de fausses représentations et laquelle créa des millions de réfugiés)


Mais Hillary Clinton n’est pas en reste sur son président de mari puisqu’elle a, elle aussi, puissamment contribué ą détruire un autre pays, cette fois-ci, la Libye.


En effet, malgré les pressions, le président Barack Obama se montrait réticent ą copier George W. Bush avec son invasion militaire de l’Irak en 2003.


Voilą pourquoi, en 2011, il hésitait ą lancer une nouvelle guerre d'agression étatsunienne, cette fois contre la Libye, mźme si les néocons ą l'intérieur et ą l'extérieur de son administration poussaient fort pour une telle guerre. Ce dernier pays, dirigé par le colonel Mouammar Kadhafi, avait eu le malheur d’źtre identifié dans le grand plan des néo-conservateurs comme l'un des pays arabes dont les néo-conservateurs voulaient renverser le gouvernement dans leur campagne de déstabilisation du Moyen Orient, en utilisant ą cette fin, la force militaire étatsunienne au profit d'IsraĎl.


ň l'époque, il y avait deux poids lourds dans le gouvernement de Barack Obama qui s’opposaient avec véhémence aux pressions des néocons pour une nouvelle intervention militaire américaine pour renverser le gouvernement de la Libye, soit le vice-président Joe Biden et le secrétaire ą la Défense Robert Gates. Mais c’était sans compter sur l’apport de la principale alliée des néoconservateurs ą l’intérieur du gouvernement, soit la secrétaire d'État Hillary Clinton.


En effet, Hillary Clinton réussit ą surmonter la formidable opposition du duo Biden-Gates ą une intervention militaire américaine en Libye en persuadant un président Obama faible et irrésolu que le président libyen Kadhafi avait un supposé plan de « génocide » contre son propre peuple et que le gouvernement américain avait la « responsabilité de protéger la population libyenne » et empźcher un tel « génocide », peu importe ce que dit la loi internationale sur les agressions militaires. Il y a un dicton qui dit que « celui qui veut noyer son chien l'accuse de la rage »!


Ce faisant, Hillary Clinton ne faisait rien d’autre que suivre le précédent créé par son mari, le président Bill Clinton, quand ce dernier bombarda la Yougoslavie, en 1998-1999, en dehors du droit international. Il y avait quelque chose d’ironique ą ce que le président Obama se range du côté d’Hillary Clinton et des néocons alors que lors de la campagne électorale qui l’opposait ą Mme Clinton en 2008, il avait dit que cette derniŹre empruntait le langage de George W. Bush.


En 2011, il est vrai que le gouvernement de Mouammar Kadhafi était aux prises avec une rébellion, soutenue par des puissances étrangŹres, mais l’accusation d’un « génocide » appréhendé était fort exagérée.


Suite au bombardement de la Libye par les États Unis et une poignée de pays européens, des groupes rebelles réussirent ą capturer le colonel Mouammar Kadhafi, le 20 octobre 2011. AprŹs l’avoir sodomisé, ils l’assassinŹrent, lui et sa famille. Il s’en est suivi un grand chaos en Libye, et ce pays en déroute est encore la proie de combats entre différents groupes de fanatiques islamiques. De plus, la Libye désorganisée est la source de millions de réfugiés fuyant leur pays dévasté vers l’Europe et d’autres parties du monde.


On peut se surprendre que Hillary Clinton se soit publiquement vantée d’un pareil désastre. Dans les jours qui ont suivi le renversement du gouvernement Kadhafi, en effet, elle déclara ce qui suit sur un plateau de télévision : « nous sommes venus; nous avons vu; il est mort! »


Ses conseillers néocons lui avaient dit qu'on se souviendra d’elle comme l’instigatrice d’une nouvelle « Doctrine Clinton »! Si la création d'une catastrophe humaine de haute échelle compte comme « expérience » dans un curriculum vitae, la candidate Hillary Clinton est sans aucun doute « qualifiée » pour devenir présidente des États-Unis. Cependant, il est évident qu’elle souffre d’un déficit d'empathie humaine élémentaire.


6- Hillary Clinton: la candidate de proue de l’establishment du 1%


En tant que politiciens professionnels, Bill et Hillary Clinton sont devenus le couple politique le plus riche de tous les temps. En 2012, leur patrimoine combiné dépassait 112,000,000.00 $. En revanche, le candidat démocrate Bernie Sanders avait des avoirs qui ne dépassaient guŹre 420,000.00 $. Il n'y a pas l'ombre d'un doute que la famille politique Clinton appartient ą l’establishment du 1% et mźme du 0,1%, parmi les contribuables américains. La politique a été une industrie des plus enrichissante pour eux.


On ne doit donc guŹre se surprendre que la candidate démocrate ą la présidentielle soit de loin le choix privilégié de l'establishment. Les néocons trouvent en elle une alliée trŹs fiable. Si elle devient présidente des États-Unis, ils peuvent espérer continuer et mźme accélérer la réalisation de leur plan d'ensemble pour le Moyen-Orient. Ce serait la joie dans certains quartiers!


En revanche, les deux candidats ą la présidentielle Bernie Sanders et Donald Trump s’opposent aux guerres étatsuniennes tous azimuts d'inspiration néoconservatrice, et ils mettent de l’avant des politiques et des réformes favorables ą la classe moyenne. Pour sa part, le candidat démocrate Bernie Sanders propose des politiques sociales agressives, tandis que le candidat républicain Donald Trump ambitionne de renverser la marche vers une mondialisation industrielle et financiŹre toujours plus poussée, laquelle s’est traduite par la perte de millions d'emplois rémunérateurs aux États Unis, suite au déplacement des installations de production et des profits de sociétés étatsuniennes vers l'étranger.


La candidate Hillary Clinton peut cependant bénéficier d’un systŹme vicié de sélection du candidat démocrate ą la présidentielle. En effet, l’establishment du parti démocrate s’est réservé un nombre de 719 « superdélégués » non élus, soit 15 pourcent de l’ensemble des délégués ą la convention démocrate des 25-28 juillet prochains, lesquels peuvent faire pencher la balance dans le sens de leurs intérźts. Dans ces conditions, mźme si le candidat Bernie Sanders obtenait une légŹre majorité des délégués élus, suite aux résultats des primaires, ses chances d’źtre choisi représentant démocrate ą l’élection présidentielle sont presque nulles.


Tout cela pour dire qu’il n’y a pas de candidat plus associé ą l’establishment politique aux Etats-Unis, et au gČchis que cet establishment laisse derriŹre lui, que Madame Hillary Clinton.


7- L’intention arrźtée de Hillary Clinton de poursuivre la politique étatsunienne de provoquer des changements de gouvernement dans les autres pays et de créer le chaos dans ces pays


Hillary Clinton, par ses faits et gestes, est une va-t-en-guerre invétérée, laquelle fait penser au sénateur John McCain, le candidat républicain ą la présidence en 2008. Quand elle siégeait comme sénatrice de l’État de New York (2001-2009), elle se rangea avec enthousiasme derriŹre la guerre d’agression de George W. Bush contre l’Irak, et quand elle était secrétaire d’État (2009-2013), elle a admis avoir joué un rôle important dans le coup d’état qui renversa, le 28 juin 2009, le président démocratiquement élu du Honduras, Manuel Zelaya, par l’armée de ce pays.


De mźme, le soutien de Hillary Clinton pour IsraĎl est sans nuances. Dans les milliers de courriels personnels qu’elle a envoyés ą des amis alors qu’elle était secrétaire d'État, certains contenant des secrets d'état, (peut-źtre un acte illégal), elle a nombre de fois affirmé sa volonté d'utiliser l'armée étatsunienne pour réaliser les objectifs du gouvernement israélien au Moyen-Orient. Dans un courriel révélateur, par exemple, et envoyé au printemps de 2012, elle exprime son point de vue trŹs clairement en ces termes :

« La meilleure faćon d'aider IsraĎl ą faire face ą la menace nucléaire de l'Iran est d'aider le peuple syrien ą renverser le régime de Bachar al-Assad ...

Pour les dirigeants israéliens, la véritable menace d'une Iran nucléarisée n’est pas la crainte qu'un dirigeant iranien devenu fou lance une attaque nucléaire non provoquée contre IsraĎl, ce qui mŹnerait ą l'anéantissement des deux pays. Ce que les dirigeants militaires israéliens craignent vraiment —mais ils ne peuvent pas le dire —est la perspective de perdre leur monopole nucléaire ...

Par la suite, IsraĎl et les États-Unis pourraient źtre en mesure de développer une vision commune quant au moment oĚ le programme nucléaire iranien deviendrait tellement dangereux qu’une action militaire s’imposerait ...

En bref, la Maison-Blanche peut apaiser la tension qui existe entre IsraĎl et l'Iran en faisant le bon choix en Syrie. »


Il ne fait aucun doute que si Hillary Clinton devenait présidente des États Unis, elle n’aurait aucun scrupule ą employer la puissance militaire américaine pour appuyer les objectifs d’un pays étranger, IsraĎl, au Moyen Orient. Cela devrait faire partie des débats dans une campagne électorale.


8- Hillary Clinton entretient des liens étroits avec la haute finance de Wall Street et d’autres puissants intérźts


Tandis que le candidat Bernie Sanders finance sa campagne électorale, dans une large mesure, ą partir de petits dons individuels, et alors que le candidat Donald Trump finance sa campagne ą mźme ses propres fonds, la candidate Hillary Clinton compte principalement sur l’apport important de riches lobbyistes professionnels, de grandes sociétés et de méga banques. Le financier milliardaire Georges Soros, par exemple, a contribué ą hauteur de 8 millions de dollars ą la campagne de Hillary Clinton. Des méga banques, telles Citigroup Inc, Goldman Sachs et Morgan Stanley, figurent parmi ses principaux donateurs. Hillary Clinton est de loin celle qui dépense le plus parmi tous les candidats présidentiels.


Un recours aussi systématique ą de riches donateurs devrait soulever des soupćons, car cela pourrait vouloir dire que ces derniers auront son oreille lorsqu’elle occupera la Maison-Blanche. Le rôle central que joue l’argent dans les élections étatsuniennes rend de plus en plus difficile d’élire un gouvernement « du peuple, par le peuple et pour le peuple », selon les mots du président Lincoln.


Un financier et politicien américain, Simon Cameron (1799-1889), a déją lancé en boutade qu’ « un politicien honnźte est celui qui, une fois acheté, reste acheté ». En effet, depuis la décision fatidique de la Cour Suprźme étatsunienne, en janvier 2010, dans la cause dite de « Citizens United », par un vote serré de 5 contre 4, cette derniŹre statuant que les sociétés incorporées faisaient partie du « peuple » et que dépenser de l’argent ą des fins électorales faisait partie de la « liberté d’expression », l’importance que prend l’argent dans l’issue des élections est devenu une question centrale aux États Unis.


Dans le cycle électoral en cours, Hillary Clinton est la seule candidate chez les démocrates qui rećoit des montants élevés de riches donateurs, ą hauteur de 77 pourcent de tous les dons recueillis. Certaines de ces contributions lui viennent indirectement de donateurs étrangers. Tout candidat qui fait reposer sa campagne électorale sur les dons provenant de richissimes individus ou sociétés devrait avoir des comptes ą rendre.


9- La responsabilité personnelle de Hillary Clinton dans l’assassinat de l’ambassadeur Stevens lors du désastre de Benghazi


Il y a deux scandales dans le désastre de Benghazi, en Libye, et l’ex secrétaire d’État Hillary Clinton est impliquée dans les deux.


Le premier tient au fait que le Département d’État que présidait Mme Clinton n’a pas fourni une protection suffisante au consulat oĚ se trouvaient l’ambassadeur J. Christopher Stevens et l’officier de renseignement Sean Smith. Et pire, avant d’źtre attaqués et tués par des militants islamistes, le 11 septembre 2012, ils avaient demandé une protection militaire de toute urgence, ą trois reprises, et cette aide leur avait été refusée. Hillary Clinton a dit assumer sa part de responsabilité dans ce fiasco.


Le deuxiŹme scandale vient du fait que l’ex secrétaire Hillary Clinton avait semble-t-il accepté que la mission diplomatique de son ministŹre en Libye serve de couverture aux opérations secrŹtes de la CIA dans ce pays. Cela plaćait automatiquement les employés du ministŹre en danger. L’ambassadeur Stevens avait été désigné, dŹs mars 2011, agent de liaison avec les rebelles opposés au gouvernement libyen. Son rôle était de faciliter l’acheminement des armes et proposer des tactiques pour renverser le gouvernement du président Mouammar Kadhafi.


Selon les recherches du journaliste américain d’investigation, Seymour Hersh, « la seule responsabilité du consulat américain [ą Benghazi] était de fournir une couverture pour acheminer des armes. Il n'avait aucun rôle politique réel assigné. » Et ces armes n’étaient pas seulement transmises aux rebelles islamiques qui combattaient le gouvernement libyen du président Kadhafi ; elles étaient aussi acheminées clandestinement vers la Syrie et remises ą d'autres unités rebelles islamistes dans leur tentative de renverser le gouvernement de Bachar al-Assad.


Tout cela est une affaire bien trouble lorsque l’on sait que toutes ces opérations secrŹtes étaient illégales en vertu du droit international, et cela jette un certain éclairage sur la responsabilité de Hillary Clinton et sur son « expérience ».


10- Hillary Clinton promet de nouvelles guerres américaines de type impérial, notamment au Moyen Orient


Lors d’un récent discours devant des délégués de l’organisation de l’AIPAC (American Israel Public Affairs Committee), le 21 mars, la candidate Hillary Clinton a fait part clairement de ses intentions de contourner les Nations Unies, quand elle a déclaré: « Je m’oppose vigoureusement ą toute tentative par des tiers pour imposer une solution [au conflit israélo-palestinien], y compris par le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU. » Dans un discours similaire, au cours de la primaire démocrate en Pennsylvanie, en avril 2008, Hillary Clinton avait dit jusqu’oĚ elle était prźte ą aller pour défendre IsraĎl, « Si je suis présidente, nous allons attaquer l'Iran ... Nous serions en mesure de les rayer complŹtement de la carte. »


Il faut vraiment avoir un esprit psychopathique pour faire pareille déclaration, c’est-ą-dire soulever la perspective d’anéantir un pays de 80 millions de d’habitants. Un tel état d'esprit devrait disqualifier toute personne qui aspire ą devenir président des États Unis. Son adversaire démocrate ą ce moment-lą, le candidat Barack Obama, avait accusé Hillary Clinton de rodomontades et avait remarqué qu’elle utilisait une rhétorique qui collait ą celle de George W. Bush.


Hillary Clinton a toutes les qualités pour źtre une propagandiste de la guerre perpétuelle. C'est probablement parce qu'elle est imbue du dangereux mythe de l'exceptionnalisme américain. Dans son livre biographique ‘Hard Choices’ et dans diverses entrevues, elle a clamé haut et fort sa conviction que « l'Amérique reste la ‘nation indispensable’ ». C’est lą un état d’esprit dangereux, surtout venant de politiciens qui contrôlent des armes nucléaires. L'histoire du 20Źme siŹcle et la montée de l'Allemagne nazie devraient enseigner ą toute personne démocratique qu’il est dangereux de brandir le mythe de la supériorité de leur nation sur les autres.


Rappelons que la candidate Hillary Clinton a réaffirmé récemment son soutien ą l’imposition par les États Unis d’une zone d'exclusion aérienne en Syrie, semblable ą celle qu’elle avait proposée en Libye, en 2011, avec les résultats désastreux que l’on sait. En effet, ce sont des terroristes islamistes qui ont pris le relais dans ce pays. Elle semble n'avoir rien appris du fiasco qu’elle a créé en Libye. C’est le signe d’un trŹs mauvais jugement.




Le sénateur américain du Kentucky, le républicain Rand Paul a soutenu, en 2015, que selon lui « Hillary Clinton est une néoconservatrice, [parce que] elle a appuyé la guerre en Irak, et en Afghanistan ...

Si Hillary Clinton devient présidente, nous serons de nouveau en guerre au Moyen-Orient. »


Si on se fie ą toutes les déclarations guerriŹres d’Hillary Clinton, et elles sont nombreuses, et considérant son passé trouble au Département d’État, il est normal que l’on s’interroge sur la possibilité qu’elle soit effectivement une néoconservatrice de cŌur. On devrait le lui demander carrément lors d’un débat ou lors d’une entrevue. Tout ce que l’on sait, c’est qu’une présidente Clinton pousserait les États Unis vers la guerre perpétuelle. C’est lą une considération ą méditer pour les Américains qui l’appuient.


Si on pousse les choses un peu plus loin, et si on prend en considération l’héritage controversé que le président Bill Clinton a laissé derriŹre lui, suite ą ses deux mandats présidentiels de 1993-1997 et de 1997-2001, de mźme aussi que la forte possibilité que ce dernier agisse en tant que proche conseiller de son épouse, on peut certes s’interroger si ce serait une bonne idée que les Américains gratifient le couple Clinton d’un troisiŹme séjour ą la Maison-Blanche.




Rodrigue Tremblay est professeur émérite d'économie ą l'Université de Montréal et on peut le contacter ą l'adresse suivante : rodrigue.tremblay1@gmail.com

Il est l'auteur du livre du livre « Le nouvel empire américain » et du livre « Le Code pour une éthique globale ».

PriŹre de visiter son blogue international ą l'adresse suivante : http://www.thenewamericanempire.com/blog.htm.


Sites Internet de l'auteur : http://www.thenewamericanempire.com/




Pour plus d’informations concernant le dernier livre du professeur Tremblay intitulé : "Le Code pour une éthique globale", voir : http://www.lecodepouruneethiqueglobale.com/


PriŹre de faire suivre l’article :





© 2016 Big Picture World Syndicate, Inc.



Saturday, February 20, 2016

The Lies, Fabrications and Forgeries of the Bush-Cheney administration to Go to War Against Iraq, for Oil and for Israel

By Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”, and

 The New American Empire)


We [the United States] spent $2 trillion, thousands of lives. ... Obviously, it was a mistake… George W. Bush made a mistake. We can make mistakes. But that one was a beauty. We should have never been in Iraq. We have destabilized the Middle East…

—They [President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney] lied… They said there were weapons of mass destruction. There were none. And they knew there were none. There were no weapons of mass destruction.

Donald Trump (1946- ), during a CBS News GOP presidential debate, on Saturday, Feb. 13, 2016.


[George W. Bush] wants to remove Saddam Hussein, through military action, justified by the conjunction of terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD).

—But the intelligence and facts are being fixed around the policy.

Richard Dearlove (1945- ) Head of the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), (in ‘Downing Street memo’, July 23, 2002).


There is no doubt that Saddam Hussein now has weapons of mass destruction. There is no doubt he is amassing them to use against our friends, against our allies, and against us.

Dick Cheney (1941- ), comment made at the Veterans of Foreign Wars 103rd National Convention, Aug. 26, 2002


Spinning the possible possession of WMDs as a threat to the United States in the way they did is, in my opinion, tantamount to intentionally deceiving the American people.

Gen. Hugh Shelton (1942- ), former Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1997 to 2001, (in his memoirs ‘Without Hesitation: The Odyssey of an American Warrior’, 2010)


We [the USA] went to war [in Iraq] not just against the Iraqi forces and insurgent groups but also against a large part of the Arab world, scores and scores of millions…It is a strategic error of monumental proportions to view the war as confined to Iraq… [The Iraq war] is turning out to be the greatest strategic disaster in our history.

Gen. William E. Odom (1932-2008), in a testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, January 18, 2007


Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump has rendered a great service to the truth and to historians in stating publicly, on Saturday, February 13, 2016, what most people by now know, i.e. that the US-led war of aggression against Iraq, in March 2003, was not only illegal under international law, it was also an exercise in pure deceptive propaganda, and it was promoted thanks to well-documented lies, fabrications and forgeries.


I personally published a book in early 2003 detailing how the Bush-Cheney administration, with the help of pro-Israel neocons in the higher echelons of the U.S. government, built a case for war under false pretenses.


The publishing house ‘Les Intouchables’ in Montreal, initially published the book in Canada, in French, under the title of ‘Pourquoi Bush veut la guerre’. It was then published in the U.S., by Infinity Publishing, in English, under the title ‘The New American Empire’. The book was also published in Europe by l’Harmattan in Paris under the title ‘Le Nouvel Empire Américain’, and later on translated into Turkish by Nova Publishing in Ankara, under the title ‘Yeni Amerikan Imparatorlu›u’.


The machinations and deceptions behind the disastrous war against Iraq, which have resulted in literally hundreds of thousands of deaths and created millions of refugees, and which has completely destabilized the entire Middle East, constitute therefore a topic that I have been studying for many years.


It is no surprise that I was pleased to hear Mr. Trump forcefully conveying the truth to the American people, even though those who have engaged in war crimes under the Nuremberg Charter and the United Nations Charter have never been indicted for gross negligence and duplicity—if not outright treason—let alone prosecuted. Worse still, there has never been a serious public inquiry into this sordid episode at the beginning of the 21st Century and how the Bush-Cheney administration planned a pre-meditated military attack against Iraq in order to bring about a political “regime change” in that country.


Let us summarize the sad series of events that have led to what American General William Odom has dubbed “the greatest strategic disaster in U.S. history”. We may add that this has also led to a great disaster for the Middle East populations, and it could also prove to have been a disaster for Europe and the world as a whole, if the current mess in that part of the world were to lead to World War III.


1- DECEPTION: When George W. Bush took power in January 2001, his Treasury Secretary, Paul H. O'Neill (1935- ), the former CEO of Alcoa, recalls that the goal of removing Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq was raised by Bush during the very first cabinet meeting of the new administration. In O’Neill’s biography written by journalist Ron Suskind and titled The Price of Loyalty, it is stated that George W. Bush fully intended to invade Iraq and was desperate to find an excuse for pre-emptive war against Saddam Hussein. As Mr. Suskind writes it, there was even a Pentagon document, dated March 5, 2001, and entitled “Foreign Suitors for Iraqi Oilfield contracts”, which included a map of potential areas in Iraq for oil exploration. Such a detailed plan for a U.S.-led military take-over of Iraq had never been mentioned during the 2000 U.S. presidential election, let alone debated.


However, a pro-Israel neoconservative think-tank, The Project for the New American Century, had drafted a blueprint for regime change in Iraq as early as September 2000. The fundamental goal was to secure access to Iraq’s oil reserves and remove a potential enemy to the state of Israel. This think-tank, founded by William Kristol and Robert Kagan, was mainly run by vice-president Dick Cheney; by defense secretary Donald Rumsfeld; by Paul Wolfowitz, (Rumsfeld's deputy at the Defense Department); by George W. Bush's younger brother Jeb Bush, then governor of Florida; and by Lewis Libby, Cheney’s deputy.


Their document about Iraq was entitled “Rebuilding America's Defences: Strategies, Forces And Resources For A New Century”. It stated clearly that: “The United States has for decades sought to play a more permanent role in Gulf regional security. While the unresolved conflict with Iraq provides the immediate justification, the need for substantial American force presence in the Gulf transcends the issue of the regime of Saddam Hussein”. It was this plan that the newly elected Bush-Cheney administration obviously intended to implement in secret, eight months before the 9/11 terrorist attacks.


It is also most relevant to mention that the document on Iraq mentioned above was mimicking a previous report written in 1996 for the Benjamin Netanyahu Israeli government and titled “A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm”. The latter outlined a strategy for the state of Israel in the Middle East in these terms:

“Israel can shape its strategic environment, in cooperation with Turkey and Jordan, by weakening, containing, and even rolling back Syria. This effort can focus on removing Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq –an important Israeli strategic objective in its own right –as a means of foiling Syria’s regional ambitions.”


In 2001, the Bush-Cheney administration seemed to have made its own the proposed strategy.


2- POSSIBLE NEGLIGENCE: To what extent was the Bush-Cheney administration negligent in not preventing the 9/11 terrorist attacks? This is a legitimate question, considering that the George W. Bush White House received, on Monday August 6, 2001, 36 days before the terrorist attacks, a confidential report by the CIA entitled “Bin Laden Determined to Strike in US”. Mr. Bush was then on a month-long vacation at his ranch in Crawford, Texas, and no special security steps seem to have been taken to alert various authorities of the threat.


3- A PARALLEL GOVERNMENT: Early on, the new Bush-Cheney administration established a special bureaucratic agency for intelligence gathering, propaganda and war preparations. This was the Pentagon’s Office of Special Plan (OSP) placed under the supervision of Paul Wolfowitz, the Deputy Secretary of Defense. It was designed, as reported by renowned journalist Seymour Hersh, to circumvent the CIA and the Pentagon’s own Defense Intelligence Agency, the DIA, and to serve as President Bush’s main source of intelligence regarding Iraq’s possible possession of weapons of mass destruction and its possible connection with al-Qaeda. That is also where various fake arguments were invented to steer the United States into a war against Iraq. Douglas Feith, a defense undersecretary, ran the shadow agency with the assistance of William Luti, a former navy officer and an ex-aide to Vice President Dick Cheney.


Something that should have been investigated, but has not been, is how some Israeli generals had free access to the OSP, as reported by Karen Kwiatkowski who worked in that agency.


4- WAR PROPAGANDA: After 9/11, few Americans were blaming Iraq for the terrorist attacks, since none of the 19 terrorists involved had any connection with Iraq. In fact, the 19 hijackers in the September 11 attacks of 2001 were affiliated with the Islamist terrorist group al-Qaeda. Fifteen out of 19 were citizens of Saudi Arabia, 2 were from the United Arab Emirates, and the other 2 came from Egypt and Lebanon. None were from Iraq. And their training camps had been in Afghanistan.


That is why in polls taken soon after Sept. 11, 2001, only 3 percent of Americans mentioned Iraq or Saddam Hussein as the dark forces behind the attacks. Obviously, such a perception had to be changed if the Bush-Cheney administration were to start a war with Iraq. That is when the fear of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and the possible links of Saddam Hussein with al-Qaeda were invented, with the active assistance of neocon media. By September 2003, the propaganda had worked so well that, according to a Washington Post poll, 69 percent of Americans had come to believe that Saddam Hussein was personally involved in the attacks carried out by al-Qaeda, even though there had been no proof of such a link between the two. Such is the force of government propaganda when the mass media collaborate in the exercise.


This propaganda was instrumental in building a case for a war with Iraq, without regard to factual evidence. History will reckon that the United States did not retaliate against Saudi Arabia, a country that had a lot to do with the 9/11 terrorist attacks, but it did react viciously against Iraq, a country that had nothing to do with the attacks.


All these facts are well documented and corroborated. Future historians will have numerous sources to establish the historical truth.




The fact that presidential candidate Donald Trump has alerted the American people to the treachery used by the Bush-Cheney administration to go to war against Iraq is a welcome development. Undoubtedly, the Iraq War has unleashed untold destruction and misery in Iraq and in the entire Middle East. And the sequels to the initial disaster continue today, thirteen years after the 2003 U.S.-led military invasion of Iraq.


The only recent comparable historical event, when a powerful country invaded militarily another weaker country, was the decision by the German Chancellor Adolf Hitler to invade Poland on September 1, 1939, thus plunging Europe into chaos for many years. Let us hope that the current turmoil in the Middle East, with so many countries conducting military operations in the devastated countries of Iraq and Syria, will not lead to even greater catastrophes.




Economist Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay is the author of the book The Code for Global Ethics, Ten Humanist Principles”,

Please visit the book site at:


and his blog at:



Posted, Saturday, January 20, 2016, at 7:30 am


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Saturday, January 23, 2016

Financial Turmoil and Increasing Risks of a Severe Worldwide Economic Recession in 2016-17

By Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”,

and The New American Empire)


“May you live in interesting times.”

Popular curse, purported to be a translation of a traditional Chinese curse


"The sources of deflation are not a mystery. Deflation is in almost all cases a side effect of a collapse of aggregate demand —a drop in spending so severe that producers must cut prices on an ongoing basis in order to find buyers. Likewise, the economic effects of a deflationary episode, for the most part, are similar to those of any other sharp decline in aggregate spending—namely, recession, rising unemployment, and financial stress."

Ben S. Bernanke (1953- ), on November 21, 2002


“I’m about to repeat what I said at this time last year and the year before…Sooner or later a crash is coming and it may be terrific. The vicious circle will get in full swing and the result will be a serious business depression. There may be a stampede for selling which will exceed anything that the Stock Exchange has ever witnessed. Wise are those investors who now get out of debt.

Roger Babson (1875-1967), on September 5, 1929


The onset of 2016 has been most chaotic for global financial markets with, so far, a severe stock market correction. As a matter of fact, the first month of 2016 has witnessed the most severe drop in financial stocks ever, with the MSCI All-Country World Stock Index, which measures major developed and emerging stock markets, dropping more than 20 percent, as compare to early 2015. For sure, there will be oversold rallies in the coming weeks and months, but one can expect more trouble ahead.


Many commentators are saying that the epicentre of this unfolding financial and economic crisis is in China, with the Shanghai Composite Index beginning to plummet at the beginning of the year. In my view, reality is more complex and even though China’s financial and economic problems are contributing to the collapse in commodity prices, the epicenter of the crisis is still in Washington D.C.


That is because the current unfolding crisis is essentially a continuation of the 2007-08 financial crisis which has been temporarily suspended and pushed into the future by the U.S. central bank, the Fed, with its aggressive and unorthodox monetary policy of multiple rounds of quantitative easing (QE), i.e. buying huge quantities of financial assets from commercial mega-banks and other institutions, including mortgage-backed securities, with newly created money. As a consequence, the Fed’s balance sheet went from a little more than one trillion dollars in 2008 to some four and a half trillion dollars when the quantity easing program was ended in October 2014. Other central banks have followed the Fed example, especially the central bank of Japan and the European central bank, which also adopted quantity easing policies in monetizing large amounts of financial assets.


Why did the Bernanke Fed adopt such an aggressive monetary policy in 2008? Essentially for three reasons: First, the lame-duck Bush administration in 2008 was clueless about what to do with the financial crisis that had started with the de facto failure of Bear Stearns in the spring of 2008 and of Merrill Lynch in early September 2008, culminating on September 15, 2008, with the failure of the large global investment bank of Lehman Brothers. So the U.S. central bank felt that it had to step in. In fact, it financed the merger of the two first failed mega-banks with the JPMorgan Chase bank and the Bank of America respectively. (For different reasons, it did not intervene in the same way when the Lehman Brothers bank failed.)

Secondly, bankers who have a huge influence in the way the Fed is managed did not want the U.S. government to nationalize the American mega-banks in financial difficulties, as it had been done in the 1989 when the George H. Bush administration established the government-owned Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) to take over some 747 insolvent savings and loans thrift banks.


Thirdly, the Bernanke Fed was very worried that the 2007-08 banking crisis would lead to a Japanese-style deflation that would wreak havoc with an overleveraged economy. The hope was to avoid a devastating debt-deflation economic depression like the one suffered in the 1930s.


By injecting so much liquidity in the system, the Bernanke Fed created a gigantic financial bubble in stocks and bonds, even though the real economy has grown at a somewhat languishing 2 percent growth rate. Stock prices went into the stratosphere while interest rates fell as bond prices rose. Last December 16, the Fed announced officially that it will no longer blow into the financial balloons and that it was raising short-term interest rates for the first time since the financial crisis, setting the target range for the federal funds rate to between 1/4 to 1/2 percent. This was a signal that the financial party was over. And what’s more, this means that the stock market and the bond market will once again go in different directions, as a reflection of the state of the real economy, no matter what the Fed does.


Since 2008, the U.S. Fed has painted itself into a financial corner from which I personally felt it would be difficult to extricate itself. Indeed, it would be extremely difficult to correct the financial bubbles it has created —as an unintended consequence of salvaging the mega-banks in creating trillions of free money —without damaging the real economy of production and employment. If global stock markets collapse and if price deflation accelerates, making it more difficult to service the debt of consumers, corporations, and government alike, a repeat on a larger scale of what has happened in Japan over the last twenty-five years can be feared. This, at the very least, could lead to a global economic recession in 2016-17. If we go back in history, it could also be a repeat of the 1937-38 crash and recession, eight years after the crash and financial crisis of 1929-32.


One thing can be made clear: The creation of the Fed in 1913, as a semi-public American central bank, has not prevented the occurrence of financial crises. It has, however, been a boon to large banks because it has served as an instrument to socialize their losses.


Stay tuned.




Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay, an economist, is the author of the book

The Code for Global Ethics, Ten Humanist Principles”,

Please visit the book site at:


and his blog at:



Posted, Saturday, January 23, 2016, at 5:30 am


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