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Sunday, April 17, 2016

Ten Reasons Why Bill and Hillary Clinton Do Not Deserve a Third Term in the White House

By Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”, and

 The New American Empire)

 

 “Few things are more dangerous than empires pushing their own interest in the belief they are doing humanity a favor.”
 Eric Hobsbawm (1917-2012)

British historian, June 10, 2003

 

"It should be the policy of the United States to support efforts to remove the regime headed by Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq..." Bill Clinton (1946- ), The neocon-sponsored Iraq Liberation Act, signed by President Clinton into law, in 1998

 

“I’m going to ask for his ideas, I’m going ask for his advice, and I’m going use him [former President Bill Clinton] as a goodwill emissary to go around the country to find the best ideas we’ve got, because I do believe, as he said, everything that’s wrong with America has been solved somewhere in America.” Hillary Clinton (1947- ), during a debate on January 17, 2016

 

 “I'll tell you how good our military is doing under [former CIA Director] Michael Hayden and people such as this. We've been fighting wars in the Middle East for 15 years, 18 years. We were in for four or five trillion dollars; we don't know what we're doing; we don't know who we're fighting; we're arming people that we want on our side, we don't know who they are.

When they take over a country, they're worse than people they depose.” Donald Trump (1946- ), in a response to a public letter by establishment national security so-called ‘experts’

 

 

Polls indicate that most of the 2016 U.S. presidential candidates, with a few exceptions, have more than 50 % negative ratings. Also, poll after poll, after poll show that most Americans are dissatisfied with the way things are, and some are even outspokenly “angry” at the current situation. The polls also indicate a high degree of polarization.

 

That may also explain why two of the leading presidential candidates this year, Democratic Bernie Sanders and Republican Donald Trump, are both proposing anti-establishment and populist policies to get the United States out of its current rut.

 

On the domestic front, each, if elected, would advance economic policies designed to assist the American middle class, which has been decimated after nearly thirty years of economic and financial globalization and from so-called “trade deals” which have mainly benefited large corporations and mega banks, because they are essentially “investment and financial deals”, before being bona fide “trade deals”.

 

On foreign policy, both would like to extricate the U.S. from costly wars abroad that have been going on for so long. Most of these wars have been the pet projects of pro-Israel neoconservatives (shortened to neocons), inside and outside the U.S. government, ever since the latter de facto took over American foreign policy, after the end of the Cold War, in 1991.

 

It is indeed well documented that prominent neocons became very influential during the Bush I and Bush II administrations, in 1989-1993 and in 2001-2009. Many people remember how characters such as Paul Wolfowitz, John Bolton, Elliott Abrams, Richard Perle, Douglas Feith, …etc. used different tactics to push the United States into a never-ending imperialistic war, branded as “preemptive wars” in the Middle East, beginning with an unprovoked military aggression against Iraq, in 2003.

 

But, even if this has been less publicized, neocons have also played important roles in the Bill Clinton administration (1993-2001) and in the current Barack Obama administration (2009-2017), in promoting a series of wars abroad, especially in the Middle East and in Europe, and in sowing the seeds of financial crises at home.

 

Since Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton has publicly declared that she intends to consult with her former-president husband, if she becomes president, it is of paramount importance to know what this means. Indeed, the question can be raised as to the likelihood that a Hillary Clinton’s presidency could be, in fact, some sort of a third term for the Clinton couple in the White House.

 

I have previously identified three major crises, which have their origin during the Bill Clinton administration.

 

Let us summarize them here and add a few more:

 

1-The de facto rekindling of a Cold War II with Russia

 

History will record that President Bill Clinton broke a promise made by his predecessor, President George H. Bush, that the U.S. government would not expand NATO into Eastern Europe, if Russia were to disband the Warsaw Pact. As we know, during his 1996 reelection campaign, on October 22,1996, President Clinton thought to be to his political advantage to promise an enlargement of NATO to include Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia. Nobody realized at the time that this heralded the beginning of a new cold war with Russia.

 

What is less well known is the fact that Ms. Hillary Clinton, when she was State Secretary in the Obama administration, appointed a prominent neocon, Victoria Nuland, wife of leading neocon Robert Kagan, to the post of Spokesperson for the U.S. Department of State. Ms. Nuland was promoted to Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs a few years later, in May 2013, in the same Democratic administration of Barack Obama. Previously, she had served as the principal deputy foreign policy adviser to Republican Vice President Dick Cheney in the George W. Bush administration, and later as U.S. ambassador to NATO.

 

Ms. Nuland is considered to be the key person in charge of provoking Russia into a Cold War II. (This is an indication that in Washington D.C., one can go easily from a Republican administration to a Democratic administration, provided one belongs to the neocon brotherhood).

 

2- The Clinton administration engineered the demise of the United Nations in 1998-1999

 

President Bill Clinton played a major role in undermining the credibility of the United Nations when he decided, in 1998 and in 1999, to enter the Kosovo War in Yugoslavia without an explicit mandate from the U.N. Security Council, as the 1945 U.N. Charter mandates. This was a very dangerous precedent.

 

Only a few years later, his successor, President George W. Bush invoked that precedent to launch the 2003 Iraq War, again with no outright mandate from the U.N. Security Council. Therefore, it can be said that President Bill Clinton bears an obvious responsibility for the current international state of anarchy, considering that the United Nations, for all practical purpose, has been sidelined in favor of NATO, to pursue U.S.-led imperialistic wars, which are waged outside of the international legal framework of the United Nations Charter and even in opposition to the Nuremberg Principles, which define military aggression as a crime against peace.

 

In 1991, few people anticipated that the collapse of the Soviet Union would eventually bring about the collapse of the United Nations, which has de facto been reduced to the same influence that the old League of Nations had before World War II.

 

3- Bill Clinton Sowed the Seeds of the 2008 Subprime Financial Crisis in 1999

 

On November 12, 1999, President Bill Clinton signed into law the Republican-sponsored Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which effectively removed the separation that previously existed under the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 between investment banking, which issue securities, and commercial banks that accept government insured deposits.

 

Before 1999, the Glass-Steagall Act made it illegal for a bank holding FDIC-insured deposits to invest in anything other than government bonds and similarly low-risk vehicles. With his signature, however, President Clinton allowed largely unregulated super large banks and large insurance companies to engage in risky financial practices, as they are known to have done historically and as it should have been expected. The banks and insurance companies’ new financial products collapsed, and that led to the devastating 2008 financial crisis.

 

While Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders has said that he would fully reinstate the Glass-Steagall Act, his opponent, former Secretary Hillary Clinton, has said that she would not reinstate the banking law, preferring instead to rely on measures to better control so-called shadow banking.

 

4- The 2003 Iraq War Began in 1998: President Bill Clinton’s Iraq Liberation Act of 1998

 

On February 19, 1998, a group of prominent neocons (Robert Kagan, Paul Wolfowitz, Elliot Abrams, John Bolton, Richard Perle, …etc.), anxious to get the United States involved in wars in the Middle East, wrote an open letter to President Bill Clinton. They were offering him a strategy for “the removal of Saddam Hussein’s regime from power” in Iraq.

 

President Clinton did not immediately go to war to please the neocons, after all he was nearing the end of his term, but he did sign the Republican-sponsored Iraq Liberation Act of 1998, on October 31, 1998, stating that "It should be the policy of the United States to support efforts to remove the regime headed by Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq…." That law opened the door for an American-led war against Iraq.

 

Indeed, President George W. Bush, in search for bi-partisan support for his planned war against Iraq, cited President Clinton’s Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 as a basis of support for the Congressional Authorization for use of Military Force Against Iraq of October 2002. We can say that President Bill Clinton set the U.S. government on a warpath against Iraq as early as 1998, and he therefore must share some responsibility for the disasters that have since resulted from that war.

 

5- Hillary Clinton’s Own Personal War of Aggression in Libya, (with false and misleading claims, and resulting in a huge refugee crisis)

 

President Barack Obama was reluctant to duplicate George W. Bush’s disaster with his military invasion of Iraq in 2003. That is why, in 2011, he hesitated to launch a new American war of aggression, this time against Libya, even though neocons inside and outside his administration were pushing hard for such a war. The latter country, headed by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, had the misfortune of having been singled out in the neocons’ grand plan as one of the Arab countries the neocons wished to overthrow and to destabilize the entire Middle East, using for that purpose the U.S. military to do Israel’s heavy lifting.

 

At the time, two heavyweights in the Obama administration, vice president Joe Biden and Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, were both adamantly opposed to getting the U.S. government and its military involved in another neocon-inspired ‘regime-change war’ in the Middle East. That wasn’t counting on the neocons’ main ally, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

 

Indeed, Hillary Clinton overcame the Biden-Gates’ formidable opposition to a U.S. military intervention in Libya by persuading a weak President Obama that Libyan President Gaddafi had a supposed plan to carry out a “genocide” against his own people and that the U.S government had a “responsibility to protect” to avoid such a “genocide”, no matter what international law said. There is a dictum in French that “he who wants to kill his dog accuses him of having rabies”!

 

Such a proposal was in conformity with the precedent created by her president husband, Bill Clinton, who bombed Yugoslavia under similar circumstances, outside of international law, in 1998 and in 1999. It was also ironic that the President would side with her, considering that Barack Obama himself had campaigned against candidate Hillary Clinton in 2008, arguing that she had endorsed Bush's 2003 Iraq-war policies.

 

In 2011, the demonized Gaddafi government was indeed fighting some groups of rebels, supported by outside powers, who wanted to overthrow his government, but the claim of a planned “genocide” was greatly exaggerated.

 

After the U.S. intervened in Libya along with a few European nations, some rebel groups succeeded in capturing Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, on October 20, 2011. They sodomized him, and they murdered him and his family. Chaos ensued and Libya is still to this day a failed state run by groups of Islamic fanatics, besides creating millions of refugees fleeing their devastated land.

 

Hillary Clinton took full credit for creating the political mess in Libya, when she appeared on a TV interview and bragged with the boast, “we came; we saw; he died!” Her neocon advisers had told her that she would be remembered as having implemented some sort of a “Clinton Doctrine”! If creating a human catastrophe counts as “experience” in a résumé, then candidate Clinton is undoubtedly ‘qualified’ to become U.S. president. Her lack of basic human empathy is evident.

 

6- Hillary Clinton: Proud Candidate of the

                                  Establishment 1%

 

As professional politicians, Bill and Hillary Clinton have become the richest political couple of all times. In 2012, their combined net worth was in excess of $112,000,000.00. In contrast, Democratic candidate Bernie Sanders had a net worth of only $420,000.00. There is not a shadow of a doubt that the Clinton political family belongs to the 1% and even to the 0.1% of American taxpayers. Politics has been a most rewarding industry for them.

 

It is therefore no surprise that Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton is by far the establishment’s favored choice. Neocons find her a most reliable ally. If she becomes U.S. President, they will be able to continue and even accelerate their over-all plan for the Middle East. There would be joy in the land!

 

In contrast, presidential candidates Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump are both considered outsiders who oppose neocon-inspired American involvements in foreign wars and who favor fundamental domestic reforms. Democratic candidate Sanders, for one, backs aggressive social-oriented policies while Republican candidate Trump proposes to reign in industrial and financial globalization that has resulted in the loss of millions of well paid American jobs, when U.S. corporations began investing and moving their installations and their profits abroad.

 

In the case of Hillary Clinton, the entire Democratic primary system is biased and the dice are loaded, since some 719 so-called unelected “superdelegates”, representing party officials and organizers, sitting Democratic senators and representatives, lobbyists …etc., stand to tip the balance in her favor, as the establishment candidate, even if Bernie Sanders were to obtain a majority of the people behind him during the primaries. The superdelegate system was adopted in the 1980s to give the Democratic establishment a definitive advantage in determining the party’s presidential nominee and, if need be, to cancel the choice of the people.

 

Of all the 2016 U.S. presidential candidates, none is more pro-establishment than Hillary Clinton, and none more associated to that establishment and the mess the latter has created over the last quarter of century.

 

7- Hillary Clinton’s Eagerness to Launch “Regime change” Wars and Create Chaos in other Countries

 

Belligerent Hillary Clinton appears to be a John McCain in a skirt. As a U.S. Democratic senator from New York (2001-2009), she enthusiastically supported President George W. Bush's 2003 illegal Iraq War.

 

In her many thousand personal emails containing state secrets and sent to friends when she was U.S. Secretary of State, (possibly an illegal act), and discussing American foreign policies with outsiders, Hillary Clinton indicated on numerous occasions her willingness to use the U.S. military to fulfill Israel’s objectives in the Middle East. In one revealing email of hers, for example, and sent in the spring of 2012, she spelled out her views very clearly:

The best way to help Israel deal with Iran's growing nuclear capability is to help the people of Syria overthrow the regime of Bashar Assad

For Israeli leaders, the real threat from a nuclear-armed Iran is not the prospect of an insane Iranian leader launching an unprovoked Iranian nuclear attack on Israel that would lead to the annihilation of both countries. What Israeli military leaders really worry about  —but cannot talk about —is losing their nuclear monopoly…

Then, Israel and the United States might be able to develop a common view of when the Iranian program is so dangerous that military action could be warranted…

In short, the White House can ease the tension that has developed with Israel over Iran by doing the right thing in Syria.

 

There is no doubt that if and when candidate Hillary Clinton becomes U.S. president, she will be more than willing to use the United States military to do the heavy lifting and go to war so that a foreign country, Israel, could fulfill its political objectives in the Middle East. This is surely an important enough issue to warrant a discussion during a presidential election.

 

8- Hillary Clinton’s Close Ties to Wall Street and Special Interests

 

While candidate Bernie Sanders is mainly financing his campaign with small donations from supporters, and while candidate Donald Trump is self-financing his campaign, candidate Hillary Clinton has principally relied on large contributions from professional lobbyists and large corporations and mega banks. Citigroup Inc, Goldman Sachs, and Morgan Stanley are among her top contributors.

 

This should raise red flags as this could mean that she could naturally be more inclined to act in favor of big corporations and mega banks, before being the president “of the people, by the people and for the people”, in President Lincoln’s words.

 

U.S. financier and politician Simon Cameron (1799-1889) used to quip, “An honest politician is one who, when he is bought, will stay bought”. Indeed, considering the importance that big money has taken in American politics after the 2010 ‘Citizens United’ (5-4) decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, stating in effect that for profit ‘corporations’ are breathing people and that the use of ‘money’ is speech, the issue of how those who control huge amounts of money can influence the results of elections cannot be swept under the rug.

 

Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton is the only Democratic candidate accepting donations from federal lobbyists, corporate interests and super Political Action Committees (PACs), and even indirectly from foreign donors. Any candidate to high office who primarily relies on big money to be elected should be held accountable.

 

9- Hillary Clinton’s Responsibility in Ambassador Stevens’ Assassination and the Entire Benghazi Disaster

 

There were two scandals in the Benghazi Disaster, and Secretary Hillary Clinton was involved in both of them.

 

The first was that, on September 11, 2012, U.S. Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens and U.S. Foreign Service Information Management Officer Sean Smith were left unprotected, in a hostile environment, by Hillary Clinton’s State Department. And what is worse, before they were attacked and killed by Islamic militants in the diplomatic consular compound, they had requested military assistance and had been denied that assistance. Hillary Clinton has taken responsibility for the lapse in security.

 

The second scandal is the fact that Secretary Hillary Clinton had seemingly accepted that the U.S. diplomatic mission in Libya be merged with the CIA’s covert operations in that country, thus placing the State Department personnel in harm’s way. As early as March 2011, Ambassador Stevens had been named the first liaison with the Libyan opposition made of Islamic rebels, to whom the CIA was channeling weapons and providing tactics to overthrow the Libyan government.

 

According to investigative journalist Seymour Hersh, “The [U.S.] consulate’s only mission [in Benghazi] was to provide cover for the moving of arms. It had no real political role.” And those arms and weapons were not only supplied to Islamic rebels to overthrow the Libyan government of President Gaddafi, they were also smuggled into Syria to other Islamic rebels in their attempt to overthrow the government of Bashar al-Assad.

 

This is a very murky affair considering that all those covert operations were illegal under international law, and this casts a long shadow on Hillary Clinton’s record and ‘experience’.

 

10- Hillary Clinton is Publicly Committed to U.S.-led Imperial Wars, Especially in the Middle East

 

In her 2016 speech to the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), on March 21, candidate Hillary Clinton stated clearly her intentions to push the United Nations aside when she declared, I would vigorously oppose any attempt by outside parties to impose a solution [to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict], including by the U.N. Security Council.” In a similar speech during the Democratic primary in Pennsylvania, in April 2008, when she was also a presidential candidate, she went as far as to declare, that to defend Israel, If I’m President, we will attack Iran… We would be able to totally obliterate them.”

 

Only a political psychopath could make such an outlandish statement to annihilate a country of 80 million people. That frame of mind should disqualify any person running to become American president. Her Democratic opponent at that time, candidate Barack Obama, accused Hillary Clinton of sabre-rattling and pointed out that this was the kind of language used by the George W. Bush administration.

 

Hillary Clinton has all the credentials as a pro-perpetual war candidate. That is probably because she adopts the self-serving and dangerous myth of American Exceptionalism. In her biographical book ‘Hard Choices’ and in various interviews, she has proclaimed her belief that “America remains the ‘indispensable nation.’ ” This is a dangerous posture by politicians who control nuclear arms. The history of the 20th Century and the rise of Nazi Germany should teach any democratic leader to refrain from brandishing the superiority of their nation over others.

 

For example, candidate Hillary Clinton is still on the record as supporting a U.S. imposed no-fly zone in Syria, similar to the one she advocated in Libya, in 2011, with disastrous results, since Islamist terrorists have taken over that country. It seems that Hillary Clinton has learned nothing from the Libyan fiasco she created. That shows very bad judgment.

 

Conclusion

 

Senator Rand Paul (R-KY), said, in 2015, "Hillary Clinton is a neocon, [because] she supported the war in Iraq, in Afghanistan…

If Hillary Clinton is president, we will be back at war in the Middle East."

 

Considering Hillary Clinton’s numerous hawkish statements over the years and her dismal record at the State Department, the question whether she is, or she is not, a neoconservative should be squarely put to her to be answered in a proper forum. From her statements, there is no doubt that candidate Hillary Clinton would be a pro-perpetual war American president. This is a perspective that Democrats and the American electorate in general should ponder.

 

Even more fundamentally, perhaps, considering the questionable legacy that President Bill Clinton left behind during his two presidential terms, in 1993-1997 and in 1997-2001, and considering that the former president is most likely going to be a close adviser to his wife, if she becomes president, Americans should ask themselves if they want to support the Clinton couple for a third term (2017-2021) in the White House.

 

COMMENTS (13)

________________________________________

Economist Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay is the author of the book The Code for Global Ethics, Ten Humanist Principles”,

Please visit the book site at:

http://www.thecodeforglobalethics.com/

and his blog at:

http://www.thenewamericanempire.com/blog.htm

 

Posted, Sunday, April 17, 2016, at 7:30 am

 

To write to the author:

rodrigue.tremblay1@gmail.com

 

 

Le vendredi 29 avril, 2016

Élections américaines : Dix raisons pour lesquelles Bill et Hillary Clinton ne méritent pas un troisiŹme mandat ą la Maison-Blanche

Par le Professeur Rodrigue Tremblay

Auteur du livre « Le Code pour une éthique globale »

et du livre « Le nouvel empire américain »

 

« Peu de choses sont plus dangereuses que les empires poussant leurs propres intérźts dans la croyance qu'ils font ą l'humanité une faveur. » Eric Hobsbawm (1917-2012), 'historien britannique, le 10 juin, 2003

 

« Il devrait źtre la politique des Etats-Unis de soutenir les efforts visant ą supprimer le régime dirigé par Saddam Hussein du pouvoir en Irak... » Bill Clinton (1946- ), tiré de la loi inspirée des neocons, et appelée l‘Iraq Liberation Act’, promulguée par le Président Clinton, en 1998

 

« Je vais solliciter ses idées, je vais lui demander des conseils et je vais l’utiliser [l’ancien président Bill Clinton] en tant qu’émissaire de bonne volonté pour faire le tour du pays afin de trouver les meilleures idées que nous avons, parce que je crois aussi, comme il l’a lui-mźme dit, qu’on a déją résolu quelque part en Amérique ce qui ne va pas avec l'Amérique. » Hillary Clinton (1947- ), candidate démocrate ą la présidence américaine, lors d'un débat le 17 janvier, 2016

 

« Je vais vous dire ce que font nos militaires sous la responsabilité de  [l’ancien directeur de la CIA] Michael Hayden et de gens comme lui. Nous sommes en guerre au Moyen-Orient depuis 15 ans, 18 ans. Nous avons dépensé quatre ou cinq mille milliards de dollars ; Nous ne savons pas ce que nous faisons; Nous ne savons pas contre qui nous nous battons. Nous armons des gens que nous voulons de notre côté, mais nous ne savons pas qui ils sont.

Quand ils prennent le contrôle d’un pays, ils sont pires que ceux qu'ils ont renversés. » Donald Trump (1946- ), candidat républicain ą la présidence américaine, en réponse ą une lettre ouverte de soi-disant « experts » en sécurité nationale

 

En démocratie, les citoyens connaissent en général peu de choses sur les candidats pour qui ils votent, en bien ou en mal, au-delą de l’image officielle créée par la propagande. Dans le cas de la candidate démocrate Hillary Clinton, cela fait environ 40 ans qu’elle et son mari, l’ex président Bill Clinton, sont en politique active. Cet article vise ą éclairer quelque peu la réalité qui se cache derriŹre les impressions parfois superficielles que l’on a d’eux.

 

Disons pour commencer qu’il existe présentement aux États Unis un grand mécontentement populaire ą l’endroit des politiciens associés ą l’establishment politique et corporatif du pays. Sondage aprŹs sondage montrent une grande insatisfaction, sinon une certaine colŹre, de l’électorat ą l’endroit des politiciens en place, et mźme ą l’endroit des candidats qui veulent les remplacer. Il y rŹgne aussi une grande polarisation de l’électorat.

 

Il n’y a donc rien de surprenant ą ce que deux candidats présidentiels, le démocrate Bernie Sanders et le républicain Donald Trump tiennent un discours anti establishment, et proposent des politiques de nature populiste pour sortir leur pays du marasme relatif qui perdure.

 

En politique intérieure, les deux candidats populistes Sanders et Trump mettent tous deux de l’avant, ą leur faćon, des politiques favorables ą la classe moyenne. Cette derniŹre a subi les contrecoups de quelques trente ans de mondialisation économique et financiŹre et de l’implantation d’accords de ‘libre échange’, lesquels sont, en définitive, des accords pour les investisseurs et les grandes banques, bien avant d’źtre des ententes purement commerciales.

 

En politique extérieure, les deux se dissocient des guerres étrangŹres, coěteuses et facultatives, dans lesquelles le gouvernement américain s’est lancé au cours des derniŹres décennies. La plupart de ces guerres, surtout celles encore en cours au Moyen Orient, furent entreprises sous la pression des néoconservateurs pro-israéliens (connus sous l’appellation abrégée de néocons), lesquels sont fort influents tant ą l’intérieur qu’ą l’extérieur du gouvernement américain, et lesquels dominent la politique étrangŹre étatsunienne depuis la fin de la Guerre froide, en 1991.

 

Il est bien connu, en effet, que des néo-conservateurs de premier plan sont devenus trŹs influents dans les hautes sphŹres des administrations Bush I (1989-1993) et Bush II (2001-2009). Beaucoup se souviennent de la faćon dont des personnages tels que Paul Wolfowitz, John Bolton, Elliott Abrams, Richard Perle, Douglas Feith, ... etc., usŹrent de différentes tactiques pour impliquer les États Unis dans une guerre sans fin de type impériale, présentée comme une série de « guerres dites préventives » au Moyen-Orient. La premiŹre fut, bien sěr, l’agression militaire non provoquée de George W. Bush contre l'Irak, en mars 2003.

 

Mźme si cela est moins connu, les néocons ont également joué un rôle important dans l'administration de Bill Clinton (1993-2001) et dans l’administration actuelle de Barack Obama (2009-2017). Dans les deux cas, ils se sont faits les promoteurs d'une série de provocations et de guerres ą l'étranger, en particulier au Moyen-Orient, mais aussi en Europe de l’est, en plus de préparer le terrain pour des crises financiŹres futures, en mettant de l’avant des législations bancaires risquées.

 

Néanmoins, la candidate présidentielle qui a les meilleures chances, selon les sondages, d’accéder ą la présidence américaine, lors des élections du 8 novembre prochain, est Hillary Clinton. Celle-ci a d’ailleurs précisé qu’advenant son élection, elle n’hésiterait point ą consulter son mari, l’ancien Président Bill Clinton. (L’élection de Hillary Clinton deviendrait d’ailleurs une certitude si l’establishment républicain réussissait ą priver le milliardaire Donald Trump de l’investiture républicaine, alors qu’il a remporté le plus grand nombre de primaires).

 

Dans les circonstances, on peut se demander, primo, si l’élection de Hillary Clinton ą la présidence ne serait pas, en quelque sorte, un troisiŹme mandat du couple Clinton ą la Maison-Blanche, et secundo, ce que l’on peut attendre d’une telle éventualité. La boutade de Bill Clinton, en 1992, qu’avec le couple Clinton, les USA pouvaient avoir « deux présidents pour le prix d’un » n’a guŹre perdu de sa pertinence.

 

Il y a quelque temps, j’avais identifié trois crises majeures de ce début de siŹcle, dont les origines remontaient ą des décisions prises sous le rŹgne du Président Bill Clinton (1993-2001).

 

Nous pouvons peut-źtre les rappeler ici et en rajouter un certain nombre qui s’appliquent davantage ą la candidate Hillary Clinton:

 

1- La premiŹre crise a trait ą la relance d’une deuxiŹme Guerre froide avec la Russie

 

L'histoire retiendra que le président Bill Clinton prit sur lui-mźme de briser une importante promesse faite par son prédécesseur, le président George H. Bush, ą l’effet que le gouvernement américain n’allait pas agrandir l'OTAN en accueillant dans son sein des pays de l’Europe de l'Est, si la Russie acceptait de dissoudre le Pacte de Varsovie. Comme on le sait, au  cours de sa campagne de réélection, en 1996, plus précisément, le 22 octobre 1996, le président Clinton crut retirer un avantage électoral en  promettant d’élargir l'OTAN pour y englober la Pologne, la Hongrie et la Tchécoslovaquie. ň cette époque, peu de gens se rendaient compte que cette promesse brisée marquait le début d'une nouvelle guerre froide avec la Russie, comme l’a fait remarquer George F. Kennan (1904-2005), un diplomate américain et spécialiste de la Russie.

 

On connaĒt encore moins le fait que Mme Hillary Clinton, quand elle était secrétaire d'État dans le gouvernement démocrate de Barack Obama, nomma une personne néoconservatrice de premier plan, Mme Victoria Nuland, épouse de l’idéologue néoconservateur Robert Kagan, au poste de porte-parole du Département d'État américain. Mme Nuland fut par la suite promue au poste de secrétaire d'État adjointe aux affaires européennes et eurasiennes, soit en mai 2013, toujours dans la mźme administration démocrate de Barack Obama. Auparavant, elle avait travaillé pour Dick Cheney, alors vice président républicain dans le gouvernement de George W. Bush. Elle agissait alors comme conseillŹre principale de politique étrangŹre. Par aprŹs, elle fut nommée ambassadrice auprŹs de l'OTAN.

 

C’est la mźme Mme Nuland qui dirige présentement le programme américain qui vise ą provoquer la Russie dans une nouvelle guerre froide. (On a lą une preuve qu’ą Washington D.C., on peut transiter avec facilité d'une administration républicaine ą une administration démocrate, pourvu qu'on appartienne ą la confrérie des néo-conservateurs).

 

2- Le gouvernement de Bill Clinton s’est employé ą réduire le rôle des Nations Unies dans le monde, ą compter de 1998-1999

 

Le président Bill Clinton a miné considérablement la crédibilité des Nations Unies quand il décida d’ignorer le Conseil de Sécurité de l’ONU pour impliquer les États Unis dans la guerre du Kosovo, en 1998-1999, en lanćant une campagne de bombardements en Yougoslavie. Il s’agissait alors d’une violation flagrante de la Charte des Nations Unies, cette derniŹre proscrivant toute guerre d’agression qui ne rećoit pas son imprimatur. Ce fut un précédent dangereux.

 

En effet, quelques années plus tard, son successeur encore plus belliqueux et encore plus méprisant de la loi internationale, le président George W. Bush, invoqua le précédent mis de l’avant par Bill Clinton pour lancer une guerre d’agression contre l’Irak, en mars 2003, toujours sans recevoir l’aval du Conseil de Sécurité.

 

C’est pourquoi, on peut dire que le président Bill Clinton doit assumer une part évidente de responsabilité pour le chaos qui prévaut présentement dans le monde. En pratique, les Nations Unies ont dě céder leur place ą l’organisation de l’OTAN, laquelle dorénavant sert de caution plus ou moins ouverte aux guerres impériales que les États Unis mŹnent dans le monde. Cela est une violation du cadre légal de l’ONU et mźme des principes prévus dans la Charte de Nuremberg, cette derniŹre définissant une agression militaire comme étant un « crime contre la paix et la sécurité de l’humanité ».

 

En 1991, peu de gens virent que l'effondrement de l'Union soviétique finirait par provoquer l'effondrement de l'Organisation des Nations Unies, laquelle, peu ą peu, en est réduite au mźme niveau d’influence qu’avait l'ancienne Société des Nations, durant les années qui ont précédé la Seconde Guerre mondiale.

 

3- Bill Clinton a permis un retour aux abus bancaires d’avant la Grande Dépression, et il prépara le terrain pour la crise financiŹre de 2007-2009

 

En effet, le président Bill Clinton promulgua, le 12 novembre 1999, une loi parrainée par les sénateurs républicains Gramm, Leach et Bliley, laquelle loi éliminait, en pratique, la plupart des dispositions qui établissaient une séparation entre les banques d’affaires (lesquelles émettent des titres et d’autres produits risqués), et les banques commerciales (qui acceptent des dépôts assurés par le gouvernement), une séparation qui existait depuis 1933, en vertu de la Loi Glass-Steagall.

 

Avant l’adoption de la loi de 1999, sous le régime de la précédente loi Glass-Steagall, il était illégal pour une banque acceptant des dépôts assurés par la FDIC d’investir dans d'autres avoirs que des obligations gouvernementales et dans d’autres titres ą faible risque. Avec sa signature, cependant, le Président Clinton se trouva ą permettre aux super grandes banques et aux grandes compagnies d'assurance, dorénavant trŹs peu réglementées, d’adopter des pratiques financiŹres risquées, un penchant fort connu au cours de l’histoire et qu’il était facile de prédire qu’il allait se répéter si on enlevait les garde-fous. Comme on le sait, les nouveaux produits financiers des banques et des compagnies d'assurance se sont effondrés en 2007-2009, et cela a conduit ą la grande crise financiŹre dite des « subprimes ».

 

Alors que le candidat démocrate Bernie Sanders a déclaré vouloir rétablir pleinement la loi Glass-Steagall, son adversaire, l'ancienne secrétaire Hillary Clinton, s’oppose pour sa part au rétablissement la loi bancaire de 1933, préférant introduire des mesures pour mieux encadrer les pratiques du systŹme bancaire parallŹle qu’on appelle le «shadow banking».

 

4- La guerre américaine de 2003 contre l’Irak a véritablement commencé en 1998, avec la signature par le président Bill Clinton de la loi de la ‘Libération de l’Irak’

 

Le 19 février 1998, un petit groupe de néoconservateurs américains (Robert Kagan, Paul Wolfowitz, Elliot Abrams, John Bolton, Richard Perle, …etc.), désireux de pousser les États Unis dans une guerre au Moyen Orient, écrivirent une lettre ouverte au président Bill Clinton. Ils l’incitaient ą prendre les moyens nécessaires pour « renverser le régime de Saddam Hussein » en Irak.

 

Le président Clinton ne se lanća pas en guerre immédiatement pour faire plaisir aux néocons, aprŹs tout il était en fin de mandat, mais il accepta de faire sienne, en la signant le 31 octobre 1998, une loi concoctée par les Républicains et il promulgua la loi dite de ‘Libération de l’Irak’ (The Iraq Liberation Act). La loi stipulait que dorénavant, ce serait : « la politique des États Unis de soutenir les efforts pour renverser le régime de Saddam Hussein en Irak…». Bill Clinton fit mźme voter un montant de $97 millions de dollars pour l’entraĒnement et l’équipement militaire de l’opposition irakienne. Tout cela ouvrit la porte ą une guerre d’agression des États Unis contre l’Irak.

 

Ce ne fut donc pas une surprise quand le président George W. Bush, ą la recherche d’un appui bi partisan pour la guerre qu’il projetait contre l’Irak, se référa explicitement ą la loi de Libération de l’Irak de 1998, signée par le président Bill Clinton. Il s’en est servi pour faire adopter par le CongrŹs américain, le 2 octobre 2002, une loi qui autorisait le recours ą la force contre l’Irak. On peut donc dire que le président Bill Clinton mit la machine de guerre étatsunienne en marche contre l’Irak dŹs 1998, et il doit assumer une part de responsabilité pour tous les désastres humains et autres qui ont découlé de cette premiŹre guerre d’agression, au début du 21Źme siŹcle.

 

5- Hillary Clinton a ą son crédit sa propre guerre d’agression, (soit la guerre américaine en Libye menée sous de fausses représentations et laquelle créa des millions de réfugiés)

 

Mais Hillary Clinton n’est pas en reste sur son président de mari puisqu’elle a, elle aussi, puissamment contribué ą détruire un autre pays, cette fois-ci, la Libye.

 

En effet, malgré les pressions, le président Barack Obama se montrait réticent ą copier George W. Bush avec son invasion militaire de l’Irak en 2003.

 

Voilą pourquoi, en 2011, il hésitait ą lancer une nouvelle guerre d'agression étatsunienne, cette fois contre la Libye, mźme si les néocons ą l'intérieur et ą l'extérieur de son administration poussaient fort pour une telle guerre. Ce dernier pays, dirigé par le colonel Mouammar Kadhafi, avait eu le malheur d’źtre identifié dans le grand plan des néo-conservateurs comme l'un des pays arabes dont les néo-conservateurs voulaient renverser le gouvernement dans leur campagne de déstabilisation du Moyen Orient, en utilisant ą cette fin, la force militaire étatsunienne au profit d'IsraĎl.

 

ň l'époque, il y avait deux poids lourds dans le gouvernement de Barack Obama qui s’opposaient avec véhémence aux pressions des néocons pour une nouvelle intervention militaire américaine pour renverser le gouvernement de la Libye, soit le vice-président Joe Biden et le secrétaire ą la Défense Robert Gates. Mais c’était sans compter sur l’apport de la principale alliée des néoconservateurs ą l’intérieur du gouvernement, soit la secrétaire d'État Hillary Clinton.

 

En effet, Hillary Clinton réussit ą surmonter la formidable opposition du duo Biden-Gates ą une intervention militaire américaine en Libye en persuadant un président Obama faible et irrésolu que le président libyen Kadhafi avait un supposé plan de « génocide » contre son propre peuple et que le gouvernement américain avait la « responsabilité de protéger la population libyenne » et empźcher un tel « génocide », peu importe ce que dit la loi internationale sur les agressions militaires. Il y a un dicton qui dit que « celui qui veut noyer son chien l'accuse de la rage »!

 

Ce faisant, Hillary Clinton ne faisait rien d’autre que suivre le précédent créé par son mari, le président Bill Clinton, quand ce dernier bombarda la Yougoslavie, en 1998-1999, en dehors du droit international. Il y avait quelque chose d’ironique ą ce que le président Obama se range du côté d’Hillary Clinton et des néocons alors que lors de la campagne électorale qui l’opposait ą Mme Clinton en 2008, il avait dit que cette derniŹre empruntait le langage de George W. Bush.

 

En 2011, il est vrai que le gouvernement de Mouammar Kadhafi était aux prises avec une rébellion, soutenue par des puissances étrangŹres, mais l’accusation d’un « génocide » appréhendé était fort exagérée.

 

Suite au bombardement de la Libye par les États Unis et une poignée de pays européens, des groupes rebelles réussirent ą capturer le colonel Mouammar Kadhafi, le 20 octobre 2011. AprŹs l’avoir sodomisé, ils l’assassinŹrent, lui et sa famille. Il s’en est suivi un grand chaos en Libye, et ce pays en déroute est encore la proie de combats entre différents groupes de fanatiques islamiques. De plus, la Libye désorganisée est la source de millions de réfugiés fuyant leur pays dévasté vers l’Europe et d’autres parties du monde.

 

On peut se surprendre que Hillary Clinton se soit publiquement vantée d’un pareil désastre. Dans les jours qui ont suivi le renversement du gouvernement Kadhafi, en effet, elle déclara ce qui suit sur un plateau de télévision : « nous sommes venus; nous avons vu; il est mort! »

 

Ses conseillers néocons lui avaient dit qu'on se souviendra d’elle comme l’instigatrice d’une nouvelle « Doctrine Clinton »! Si la création d'une catastrophe humaine de haute échelle compte comme « expérience » dans un curriculum vitae, la candidate Hillary Clinton est sans aucun doute « qualifiée » pour devenir présidente des États-Unis. Cependant, il est évident qu’elle souffre d’un déficit d'empathie humaine élémentaire.

 

6- Hillary Clinton: la candidate de proue de l’establishment du 1%

 

En tant que politiciens professionnels, Bill et Hillary Clinton sont devenus le couple politique le plus riche de tous les temps. En 2012, leur patrimoine combiné dépassait 112,000,000.00 $. En revanche, le candidat démocrate Bernie Sanders avait des avoirs qui ne dépassaient guŹre 420,000.00 $. Il n'y a pas l'ombre d'un doute que la famille politique Clinton appartient ą l’establishment du 1% et mźme du 0,1%, parmi les contribuables américains. La politique a été une industrie des plus enrichissante pour eux.

 

On ne doit donc guŹre se surprendre que la candidate démocrate ą la présidentielle soit de loin le choix privilégié de l'establishment. Les néocons trouvent en elle une alliée trŹs fiable. Si elle devient présidente des États-Unis, ils peuvent espérer continuer et mźme accélérer la réalisation de leur plan d'ensemble pour le Moyen-Orient. Ce serait la joie dans certains quartiers!

 

En revanche, les deux candidats ą la présidentielle Bernie Sanders et Donald Trump s’opposent aux guerres étatsuniennes tous azimuts d'inspiration néoconservatrice, et ils mettent de l’avant des politiques et des réformes favorables ą la classe moyenne. Pour sa part, le candidat démocrate Bernie Sanders propose des politiques sociales agressives, tandis que le candidat républicain Donald Trump ambitionne de renverser la marche vers une mondialisation industrielle et financiŹre toujours plus poussée, laquelle s’est traduite par la perte de millions d'emplois rémunérateurs aux États Unis, suite au déplacement des installations de production et des profits de sociétés étatsuniennes vers l'étranger.

 

La candidate Hillary Clinton peut cependant bénéficier d’un systŹme vicié de sélection du candidat démocrate ą la présidentielle. En effet, l’establishment du parti démocrate s’est réservé un nombre de 719 « superdélégués » non élus, soit 15 pourcent de l’ensemble des délégués ą la convention démocrate des 25-28 juillet prochains, lesquels peuvent faire pencher la balance dans le sens de leurs intérźts. Dans ces conditions, mźme si le candidat Bernie Sanders obtenait une légŹre majorité des délégués élus, suite aux résultats des primaires, ses chances d’źtre choisi représentant démocrate ą l’élection présidentielle sont presque nulles.

 

Tout cela pour dire qu’il n’y a pas de candidat plus associé ą l’establishment politique aux Etats-Unis, et au gČchis que cet establishment laisse derriŹre lui, que Madame Hillary Clinton.

 

7- L’intention arrźtée de Hillary Clinton de poursuivre la politique étatsunienne de provoquer des changements de gouvernement dans les autres pays et de créer le chaos dans ces pays

 

Hillary Clinton, par ses faits et gestes, est une va-t-en-guerre invétérée, laquelle fait penser au sénateur John McCain, le candidat républicain ą la présidence en 2008. Quand elle siégeait comme sénatrice de l’État de New York (2001-2009), elle se rangea avec enthousiasme derriŹre la guerre d’agression de George W. Bush contre l’Irak, et quand elle était secrétaire d’État (2009-2013), elle a admis avoir joué un rôle important dans le coup d’état qui renversa, le 28 juin 2009, le président démocratiquement élu du Honduras, Manuel Zelaya, par l’armée de ce pays.

 

De mźme, le soutien de Hillary Clinton pour IsraĎl est sans nuances. Dans les milliers de courriels personnels qu’elle a envoyés ą des amis alors qu’elle était secrétaire d'État, certains contenant des secrets d'état, (peut-źtre un acte illégal), elle a nombre de fois affirmé sa volonté d'utiliser l'armée étatsunienne pour réaliser les objectifs du gouvernement israélien au Moyen-Orient. Dans un courriel révélateur, par exemple, et envoyé au printemps de 2012, elle exprime son point de vue trŹs clairement en ces termes :

« La meilleure faćon d'aider IsraĎl ą faire face ą la menace nucléaire de l'Iran est d'aider le peuple syrien ą renverser le régime de Bachar al-Assad ...

Pour les dirigeants israéliens, la véritable menace d'une Iran nucléarisée n’est pas la crainte qu'un dirigeant iranien devenu fou lance une attaque nucléaire non provoquée contre IsraĎl, ce qui mŹnerait ą l'anéantissement des deux pays. Ce que les dirigeants militaires israéliens craignent vraiment —mais ils ne peuvent pas le dire —est la perspective de perdre leur monopole nucléaire ...

Par la suite, IsraĎl et les États-Unis pourraient źtre en mesure de développer une vision commune quant au moment oĚ le programme nucléaire iranien deviendrait tellement dangereux qu’une action militaire s’imposerait ...

En bref, la Maison-Blanche peut apaiser la tension qui existe entre IsraĎl et l'Iran en faisant le bon choix en Syrie. »

 

Il ne fait aucun doute que si Hillary Clinton devenait présidente des États Unis, elle n’aurait aucun scrupule ą employer la puissance militaire américaine pour appuyer les objectifs d’un pays étranger, IsraĎl, au Moyen Orient. Cela devrait faire partie des débats dans une campagne électorale.

 

8- Hillary Clinton entretient des liens étroits avec la haute finance de Wall Street et d’autres puissants intérźts

 

Tandis que le candidat Bernie Sanders finance sa campagne électorale, dans une large mesure, ą partir de petits dons individuels, et alors que le candidat Donald Trump finance sa campagne ą mźme ses propres fonds, la candidate Hillary Clinton compte principalement sur l’apport important de riches lobbyistes professionnels, de grandes sociétés et de méga banques. Le financier milliardaire Georges Soros, par exemple, a contribué ą hauteur de 8 millions de dollars ą la campagne de Hillary Clinton. Des méga banques, telles Citigroup Inc, Goldman Sachs et Morgan Stanley, figurent parmi ses principaux donateurs. Hillary Clinton est de loin celle qui dépense le plus parmi tous les candidats présidentiels.

 

Un recours aussi systématique ą de riches donateurs devrait soulever des soupćons, car cela pourrait vouloir dire que ces derniers auront son oreille lorsqu’elle occupera la Maison-Blanche. Le rôle central que joue l’argent dans les élections étatsuniennes rend de plus en plus difficile d’élire un gouvernement « du peuple, par le peuple et pour le peuple », selon les mots du président Lincoln.

 

Un financier et politicien américain, Simon Cameron (1799-1889), a déją lancé en boutade qu’ « un politicien honnźte est celui qui, une fois acheté, reste acheté ». En effet, depuis la décision fatidique de la Cour Suprźme étatsunienne, en janvier 2010, dans la cause dite de « Citizens United », par un vote serré de 5 contre 4, cette derniŹre statuant que les sociétés incorporées faisaient partie du « peuple » et que dépenser de l’argent ą des fins électorales faisait partie de la « liberté d’expression », l’importance que prend l’argent dans l’issue des élections est devenu une question centrale aux États Unis.

 

Dans le cycle électoral en cours, Hillary Clinton est la seule candidate chez les démocrates qui rećoit des montants élevés de riches donateurs, ą hauteur de 77 pourcent de tous les dons recueillis. Certaines de ces contributions lui viennent indirectement de donateurs étrangers. Tout candidat qui fait reposer sa campagne électorale sur les dons provenant de richissimes individus ou sociétés devrait avoir des comptes ą rendre.

 

9- La responsabilité personnelle de Hillary Clinton dans l’assassinat de l’ambassadeur Stevens lors du désastre de Benghazi

 

Il y a deux scandales dans le désastre de Benghazi, en Libye, et l’ex secrétaire d’État Hillary Clinton est impliquée dans les deux.

 

Le premier tient au fait que le Département d’État que présidait Mme Clinton n’a pas fourni une protection suffisante au consulat oĚ se trouvaient l’ambassadeur J. Christopher Stevens et l’officier de renseignement Sean Smith. Et pire, avant d’źtre attaqués et tués par des militants islamistes, le 11 septembre 2012, ils avaient demandé une protection militaire de toute urgence, ą trois reprises, et cette aide leur avait été refusée. Hillary Clinton a dit assumer sa part de responsabilité dans ce fiasco.

 

Le deuxiŹme scandale vient du fait que l’ex secrétaire Hillary Clinton avait semble-t-il accepté que la mission diplomatique de son ministŹre en Libye serve de couverture aux opérations secrŹtes de la CIA dans ce pays. Cela plaćait automatiquement les employés du ministŹre en danger. L’ambassadeur Stevens avait été désigné, dŹs mars 2011, agent de liaison avec les rebelles opposés au gouvernement libyen. Son rôle était de faciliter l’acheminement des armes et proposer des tactiques pour renverser le gouvernement du président Mouammar Kadhafi.

 

Selon les recherches du journaliste américain d’investigation, Seymour Hersh, « la seule responsabilité du consulat américain [ą Benghazi] était de fournir une couverture pour acheminer des armes. Il n'avait aucun rôle politique réel assigné. » Et ces armes n’étaient pas seulement transmises aux rebelles islamiques qui combattaient le gouvernement libyen du président Kadhafi ; elles étaient aussi acheminées clandestinement vers la Syrie et remises ą d'autres unités rebelles islamistes dans leur tentative de renverser le gouvernement de Bachar al-Assad.

 

Tout cela est une affaire bien trouble lorsque l’on sait que toutes ces opérations secrŹtes étaient illégales en vertu du droit international, et cela jette un certain éclairage sur la responsabilité de Hillary Clinton et sur son « expérience ».

 

10- Hillary Clinton promet de nouvelles guerres américaines de type impérial, notamment au Moyen Orient

 

Lors d’un récent discours devant des délégués de l’organisation de l’AIPAC (American Israel Public Affairs Committee), le 21 mars, la candidate Hillary Clinton a fait part clairement de ses intentions de contourner les Nations Unies, quand elle a déclaré: « Je m’oppose vigoureusement ą toute tentative par des tiers pour imposer une solution [au conflit israélo-palestinien], y compris par le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU. » Dans un discours similaire, au cours de la primaire démocrate en Pennsylvanie, en avril 2008, Hillary Clinton avait dit jusqu’oĚ elle était prźte ą aller pour défendre IsraĎl, « Si je suis présidente, nous allons attaquer l'Iran ... Nous serions en mesure de les rayer complŹtement de la carte. »

 

Il faut vraiment avoir un esprit psychopathique pour faire pareille déclaration, c’est-ą-dire soulever la perspective d’anéantir un pays de 80 millions de d’habitants. Un tel état d'esprit devrait disqualifier toute personne qui aspire ą devenir président des États Unis. Son adversaire démocrate ą ce moment-lą, le candidat Barack Obama, avait accusé Hillary Clinton de rodomontades et avait remarqué qu’elle utilisait une rhétorique qui collait ą celle de George W. Bush.

 

Hillary Clinton a toutes les qualités pour źtre une propagandiste de la guerre perpétuelle. C'est probablement parce qu'elle est imbue du dangereux mythe de l'exceptionnalisme américain. Dans son livre biographique ‘Hard Choices’ et dans diverses entrevues, elle a clamé haut et fort sa conviction que « l'Amérique reste la ‘nation indispensable’ ». C’est lą un état d’esprit dangereux, surtout venant de politiciens qui contrôlent des armes nucléaires. L'histoire du 20Źme siŹcle et la montée de l'Allemagne nazie devraient enseigner ą toute personne démocratique qu’il est dangereux de brandir le mythe de la supériorité de leur nation sur les autres.

 

Rappelons que la candidate Hillary Clinton a réaffirmé récemment son soutien ą l’imposition par les États Unis d’une zone d'exclusion aérienne en Syrie, semblable ą celle qu’elle avait proposée en Libye, en 2011, avec les résultats désastreux que l’on sait. En effet, ce sont des terroristes islamistes qui ont pris le relais dans ce pays. Elle semble n'avoir rien appris du fiasco qu’elle a créé en Libye. C’est le signe d’un trŹs mauvais jugement.

 

Conclusion

 

Le sénateur américain du Kentucky, le républicain Rand Paul a soutenu, en 2015, que selon lui « Hillary Clinton est une néoconservatrice, [parce que] elle a appuyé la guerre en Irak, et en Afghanistan ...

Si Hillary Clinton devient présidente, nous serons de nouveau en guerre au Moyen-Orient. »

 

Si on se fie ą toutes les déclarations guerriŹres d’Hillary Clinton, et elles sont nombreuses, et considérant son passé trouble au Département d’État, il est normal que l’on s’interroge sur la possibilité qu’elle soit effectivement une néoconservatrice de cŌur. On devrait le lui demander carrément lors d’un débat ou lors d’une entrevue. Tout ce que l’on sait, c’est qu’une présidente Clinton pousserait les États Unis vers la guerre perpétuelle. C’est lą une considération ą méditer pour les Américains qui l’appuient.

 

Si on pousse les choses un peu plus loin, et si on prend en considération l’héritage controversé que le président Bill Clinton a laissé derriŹre lui, suite ą ses deux mandats présidentiels de 1993-1997 et de 1997-2001, de mźme aussi que la forte possibilité que ce dernier agisse en tant que proche conseiller de son épouse, on peut certes s’interroger si ce serait une bonne idée que les Américains gratifient le couple Clinton d’un troisiŹme séjour ą la Maison-Blanche.

 

COMMENTAIRES (13)

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Rodrigue Tremblay est professeur émérite d'économie ą l'Université de Montréal et on peut le contacter ą l'adresse suivante : rodrigue.tremblay1@gmail.com

Il est l'auteur du livre du livre « Le nouvel empire américain » et du livre « Le Code pour une éthique globale ».

PriŹre de visiter son blogue international ą l'adresse suivante : http://www.thenewamericanempire.com/blog.htm.

 

Sites Internet de l'auteur : http://www.thenewamericanempire.com/

http://www.thecodeforglobalethics.com

http://www.lecodepouruneethiqueglobale.com

 

Pour plus d’informations concernant le dernier livre du professeur Tremblay intitulé : "Le Code pour une éthique globale", voir : http://www.lecodepouruneethiqueglobale.com/

 

PriŹre de faire suivre l’article :

http://www.thenewamericanempire.com/francais51.html

 

 

__________________________________

© 2016 Big Picture World Syndicate, Inc.

 

 

Saturday, February 20, 2016

The Lies, Fabrications and Forgeries of the Bush-Cheney administration to Go to War Against Iraq, for Oil and for Israel

By Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”, and

 The New American Empire)

 

We [the United States] spent $2 trillion, thousands of lives. ... Obviously, it was a mistake… George W. Bush made a mistake. We can make mistakes. But that one was a beauty. We should have never been in Iraq. We have destabilized the Middle East…

—They [President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney] lied… They said there were weapons of mass destruction. There were none. And they knew there were none. There were no weapons of mass destruction.

Donald Trump (1946- ), during a CBS News GOP presidential debate, on Saturday, Feb. 13, 2016.

 

[George W. Bush] wants to remove Saddam Hussein, through military action, justified by the conjunction of terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD).

—But the intelligence and facts are being fixed around the policy.

Richard Dearlove (1945- ) Head of the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6), (in ‘Downing Street memo’, July 23, 2002).

 

There is no doubt that Saddam Hussein now has weapons of mass destruction. There is no doubt he is amassing them to use against our friends, against our allies, and against us.

Dick Cheney (1941- ), comment made at the Veterans of Foreign Wars 103rd National Convention, Aug. 26, 2002

 

Spinning the possible possession of WMDs as a threat to the United States in the way they did is, in my opinion, tantamount to intentionally deceiving the American people.

Gen. Hugh Shelton (1942- ), former Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1997 to 2001, (in his memoirs ‘Without Hesitation: The Odyssey of an American Warrior’, 2010)

 

We [the USA] went to war [in Iraq] not just against the Iraqi forces and insurgent groups but also against a large part of the Arab world, scores and scores of millions…It is a strategic error of monumental proportions to view the war as confined to Iraq… [The Iraq war] is turning out to be the greatest strategic disaster in our history.

Gen. William E. Odom (1932-2008), in a testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, January 18, 2007

 

Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump has rendered a great service to the truth and to historians in stating publicly, on Saturday, February 13, 2016, what most people by now know, i.e. that the US-led war of aggression against Iraq, in March 2003, was not only illegal under international law, it was also an exercise in pure deceptive propaganda, and it was promoted thanks to well-documented lies, fabrications and forgeries.

 

I personally published a book in early 2003 detailing how the Bush-Cheney administration, with the help of pro-Israel neocons in the higher echelons of the U.S. government, built a case for war under false pretenses.

 

The publishing house ‘Les Intouchables’ in Montreal, initially published the book in Canada, in French, under the title of ‘Pourquoi Bush veut la guerre’. It was then published in the U.S., by Infinity Publishing, in English, under the title ‘The New American Empire’. The book was also published in Europe by l’Harmattan in Paris under the title ‘Le Nouvel Empire Américain’, and later on translated into Turkish by Nova Publishing in Ankara, under the title ‘Yeni Amerikan Imparatorlu›u’.

 

The machinations and deceptions behind the disastrous war against Iraq, which have resulted in literally hundreds of thousands of deaths and created millions of refugees, and which has completely destabilized the entire Middle East, constitute therefore a topic that I have been studying for many years.

 

It is no surprise that I was pleased to hear Mr. Trump forcefully conveying the truth to the American people, even though those who have engaged in war crimes under the Nuremberg Charter and the United Nations Charter have never been indicted for gross negligence and duplicity—if not outright treason—let alone prosecuted. Worse still, there has never been a serious public inquiry into this sordid episode at the beginning of the 21st Century and how the Bush-Cheney administration planned a pre-meditated military attack against Iraq in order to bring about a political “regime change” in that country.

 

Let us summarize the sad series of events that have led to what American General William Odom has dubbed “the greatest strategic disaster in U.S. history”. We may add that this has also led to a great disaster for the Middle East populations, and it could also prove to have been a disaster for Europe and the world as a whole, if the current mess in that part of the world were to lead to World War III.

 

1- DECEPTION: When George W. Bush took power in January 2001, his Treasury Secretary, Paul H. O'Neill (1935- ), the former CEO of Alcoa, recalls that the goal of removing Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq was raised by Bush during the very first cabinet meeting of the new administration. In O’Neill’s biography written by journalist Ron Suskind and titled The Price of Loyalty, it is stated that George W. Bush fully intended to invade Iraq and was desperate to find an excuse for pre-emptive war against Saddam Hussein. As Mr. Suskind writes it, there was even a Pentagon document, dated March 5, 2001, and entitled “Foreign Suitors for Iraqi Oilfield contracts”, which included a map of potential areas in Iraq for oil exploration. Such a detailed plan for a U.S.-led military take-over of Iraq had never been mentioned during the 2000 U.S. presidential election, let alone debated.

 

However, a pro-Israel neoconservative think-tank, The Project for the New American Century, had drafted a blueprint for regime change in Iraq as early as September 2000. The fundamental goal was to secure access to Iraq’s oil reserves and remove a potential enemy to the state of Israel. This think-tank, founded by William Kristol and Robert Kagan, was mainly run by vice-president Dick Cheney; by defense secretary Donald Rumsfeld; by Paul Wolfowitz, (Rumsfeld's deputy at the Defense Department); by George W. Bush's younger brother Jeb Bush, then governor of Florida; and by Lewis Libby, Cheney’s deputy.

 

Their document about Iraq was entitled “Rebuilding America's Defences: Strategies, Forces And Resources For A New Century”. It stated clearly that: “The United States has for decades sought to play a more permanent role in Gulf regional security. While the unresolved conflict with Iraq provides the immediate justification, the need for substantial American force presence in the Gulf transcends the issue of the regime of Saddam Hussein”. It was this plan that the newly elected Bush-Cheney administration obviously intended to implement in secret, eight months before the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

 

It is also most relevant to mention that the document on Iraq mentioned above was mimicking a previous report written in 1996 for the Benjamin Netanyahu Israeli government and titled “A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm”. The latter outlined a strategy for the state of Israel in the Middle East in these terms:

“Israel can shape its strategic environment, in cooperation with Turkey and Jordan, by weakening, containing, and even rolling back Syria. This effort can focus on removing Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq –an important Israeli strategic objective in its own right –as a means of foiling Syria’s regional ambitions.”

 

In 2001, the Bush-Cheney administration seemed to have made its own the proposed strategy.

 

2- POSSIBLE NEGLIGENCE: To what extent was the Bush-Cheney administration negligent in not preventing the 9/11 terrorist attacks? This is a legitimate question, considering that the George W. Bush White House received, on Monday August 6, 2001, 36 days before the terrorist attacks, a confidential report by the CIA entitled “Bin Laden Determined to Strike in US”. Mr. Bush was then on a month-long vacation at his ranch in Crawford, Texas, and no special security steps seem to have been taken to alert various authorities of the threat.

 

3- A PARALLEL GOVERNMENT: Early on, the new Bush-Cheney administration established a special bureaucratic agency for intelligence gathering, propaganda and war preparations. This was the Pentagon’s Office of Special Plan (OSP) placed under the supervision of Paul Wolfowitz, the Deputy Secretary of Defense. It was designed, as reported by renowned journalist Seymour Hersh, to circumvent the CIA and the Pentagon’s own Defense Intelligence Agency, the DIA, and to serve as President Bush’s main source of intelligence regarding Iraq’s possible possession of weapons of mass destruction and its possible connection with al-Qaeda. That is also where various fake arguments were invented to steer the United States into a war against Iraq. Douglas Feith, a defense undersecretary, ran the shadow agency with the assistance of William Luti, a former navy officer and an ex-aide to Vice President Dick Cheney.

 

Something that should have been investigated, but has not been, is how some Israeli generals had free access to the OSP, as reported by Karen Kwiatkowski who worked in that agency.

 

4- WAR PROPAGANDA: After 9/11, few Americans were blaming Iraq for the terrorist attacks, since none of the 19 terrorists involved had any connection with Iraq. In fact, the 19 hijackers in the September 11 attacks of 2001 were affiliated with the Islamist terrorist group al-Qaeda. Fifteen out of 19 were citizens of Saudi Arabia, 2 were from the United Arab Emirates, and the other 2 came from Egypt and Lebanon. None were from Iraq. And their training camps had been in Afghanistan.

 

That is why in polls taken soon after Sept. 11, 2001, only 3 percent of Americans mentioned Iraq or Saddam Hussein as the dark forces behind the attacks. Obviously, such a perception had to be changed if the Bush-Cheney administration were to start a war with Iraq. That is when the fear of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and the possible links of Saddam Hussein with al-Qaeda were invented, with the active assistance of neocon media. By September 2003, the propaganda had worked so well that, according to a Washington Post poll, 69 percent of Americans had come to believe that Saddam Hussein was personally involved in the attacks carried out by al-Qaeda, even though there had been no proof of such a link between the two. Such is the force of government propaganda when the mass media collaborate in the exercise.

 

This propaganda was instrumental in building a case for a war with Iraq, without regard to factual evidence. History will reckon that the United States did not retaliate against Saudi Arabia, a country that had a lot to do with the 9/11 terrorist attacks, but it did react viciously against Iraq, a country that had nothing to do with the attacks.

 

All these facts are well documented and corroborated. Future historians will have numerous sources to establish the historical truth.

 

Conclusion

 

The fact that presidential candidate Donald Trump has alerted the American people to the treachery used by the Bush-Cheney administration to go to war against Iraq is a welcome development. Undoubtedly, the Iraq War has unleashed untold destruction and misery in Iraq and in the entire Middle East. And the sequels to the initial disaster continue today, thirteen years after the 2003 U.S.-led military invasion of Iraq.

 

The only recent comparable historical event, when a powerful country invaded militarily another weaker country, was the decision by the German Chancellor Adolf Hitler to invade Poland on September 1, 1939, thus plunging Europe into chaos for many years. Let us hope that the current turmoil in the Middle East, with so many countries conducting military operations in the devastated countries of Iraq and Syria, will not lead to even greater catastrophes.

 

COMMENTS (13)

__________________________

Economist Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay is the author of the book The Code for Global Ethics, Ten Humanist Principles”,

Please visit the book site at:

http://www.thecodeforglobalethics.com/

and his blog at:

http://www.thenewamericanempire.com/blog.htm

 

Posted, Saturday, January 20, 2016, at 7:30 am

 

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_____________________________________

© 2016 by Big Picture World Syndicate, Inc.

 

 

Saturday, January 23, 2016

Financial Turmoil and Increasing Risks of a Severe Worldwide Economic Recession in 2016-17

By Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”,

and The New American Empire)

 

“May you live in interesting times.”

Popular curse, purported to be a translation of a traditional Chinese curse

 

"The sources of deflation are not a mystery. Deflation is in almost all cases a side effect of a collapse of aggregate demand —a drop in spending so severe that producers must cut prices on an ongoing basis in order to find buyers. Likewise, the economic effects of a deflationary episode, for the most part, are similar to those of any other sharp decline in aggregate spending—namely, recession, rising unemployment, and financial stress."

Ben S. Bernanke (1953- ), on November 21, 2002

 

“I’m about to repeat what I said at this time last year and the year before…Sooner or later a crash is coming and it may be terrific. The vicious circle will get in full swing and the result will be a serious business depression. There may be a stampede for selling which will exceed anything that the Stock Exchange has ever witnessed. Wise are those investors who now get out of debt.

Roger Babson (1875-1967), on September 5, 1929

 

The onset of 2016 has been most chaotic for global financial markets with, so far, a severe stock market correction. As a matter of fact, the first month of 2016 has witnessed the most severe drop in financial stocks ever, with the MSCI All-Country World Stock Index, which measures major developed and emerging stock markets, dropping more than 20 percent, as compare to early 2015. For sure, there will be oversold rallies in the coming weeks and months, but one can expect more trouble ahead.

 

Many commentators are saying that the epicentre of this unfolding financial and economic crisis is in China, with the Shanghai Composite Index beginning to plummet at the beginning of the year. In my view, reality is more complex and even though China’s financial and economic problems are contributing to the collapse in commodity prices, the epicenter of the crisis is still in Washington D.C.

 

That is because the current unfolding crisis is essentially a continuation of the 2007-08 financial crisis which has been temporarily suspended and pushed into the future by the U.S. central bank, the Fed, with its aggressive and unorthodox monetary policy of multiple rounds of quantitative easing (QE), i.e. buying huge quantities of financial assets from commercial mega-banks and other institutions, including mortgage-backed securities, with newly created money. As a consequence, the Fed’s balance sheet went from a little more than one trillion dollars in 2008 to some four and a half trillion dollars when the quantity easing program was ended in October 2014. Other central banks have followed the Fed example, especially the central bank of Japan and the European central bank, which also adopted quantity easing policies in monetizing large amounts of financial assets.

 

Why did the Bernanke Fed adopt such an aggressive monetary policy in 2008? Essentially for three reasons: First, the lame-duck Bush administration in 2008 was clueless about what to do with the financial crisis that had started with the de facto failure of Bear Stearns in the spring of 2008 and of Merrill Lynch in early September 2008, culminating on September 15, 2008, with the failure of the large global investment bank of Lehman Brothers. So the U.S. central bank felt that it had to step in. In fact, it financed the merger of the two first failed mega-banks with the JPMorgan Chase bank and the Bank of America respectively. (For different reasons, it did not intervene in the same way when the Lehman Brothers bank failed.)

Secondly, bankers who have a huge influence in the way the Fed is managed did not want the U.S. government to nationalize the American mega-banks in financial difficulties, as it had been done in the 1989 when the George H. Bush administration established the government-owned Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) to take over some 747 insolvent savings and loans thrift banks.

 

Thirdly, the Bernanke Fed was very worried that the 2007-08 banking crisis would lead to a Japanese-style deflation that would wreak havoc with an overleveraged economy. The hope was to avoid a devastating debt-deflation economic depression like the one suffered in the 1930s.

 

By injecting so much liquidity in the system, the Bernanke Fed created a gigantic financial bubble in stocks and bonds, even though the real economy has grown at a somewhat languishing 2 percent growth rate. Stock prices went into the stratosphere while interest rates fell as bond prices rose. Last December 16, the Fed announced officially that it will no longer blow into the financial balloons and that it was raising short-term interest rates for the first time since the financial crisis, setting the target range for the federal funds rate to between 1/4 to 1/2 percent. This was a signal that the financial party was over. And what’s more, this means that the stock market and the bond market will once again go in different directions, as a reflection of the state of the real economy, no matter what the Fed does.

 

Since 2008, the U.S. Fed has painted itself into a financial corner from which I personally felt it would be difficult to extricate itself. Indeed, it would be extremely difficult to correct the financial bubbles it has created —as an unintended consequence of salvaging the mega-banks in creating trillions of free money —without damaging the real economy of production and employment. If global stock markets collapse and if price deflation accelerates, making it more difficult to service the debt of consumers, corporations, and government alike, a repeat on a larger scale of what has happened in Japan over the last twenty-five years can be feared. This, at the very least, could lead to a global economic recession in 2016-17. If we go back in history, it could also be a repeat of the 1937-38 crash and recession, eight years after the crash and financial crisis of 1929-32.

 

One thing can be made clear: The creation of the Fed in 1913, as a semi-public American central bank, has not prevented the occurrence of financial crises. It has, however, been a boon to large banks because it has served as an instrument to socialize their losses.

 

Stay tuned.

 

COMMENTS (4)

_______________________________________________

Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay, an economist, is the author of the book

The Code for Global Ethics, Ten Humanist Principles”,

Please visit the book site at:

http://www.thecodeforglobalethics.com/

and his blog at:

http://www.thenewamericanempire.com/blog.htm

 

Posted, Saturday, January 23, 2016, at 5:30 am

 

Email to a friend

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Send contact, comments or commercial reproduction requests (in English or in French) to:

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articles.

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included information for research and educational purposes,

and is not intended in any way as

personal advice of any sort.

_____________________________________

© 2016 by Big Picture World Syndicate, Inc.

 

 

Friday, September 18, 2015

A Confused Situation as to Syria and ISIS

By Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the booksThe Code for Global Ethics”,

and  The New American Empire)

 

 

[There are] “three ways to be influential in American politics: make donations to political parties, establish think tanks, and control media outlets.”

Haim Saban, Pro-Israel billionaire and major political contributor, and adviser to Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton, (2009)

 

[There] “is a memo [at the Pentagon] that describes how we’re going to take out seven countries in five years, starting with Iraq, and then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and, finishing off, Iran.”

General Wesley Clark, former Supreme Allied Commander of NATO (1997-2000), (March 2, 2007)

 

“Next the statesmen will invent cheap lies, putting the blame upon the nation that is attacked, and every man will be glad of those conscience-soothing falsities, and will diligently study them, and refuse to examine any refutations of them.”

Mark Twain (1835-1910), American author and satirist

 

"The President does not have power under the Constitution to unilaterally authorize a military attack in a situation that does not involve stopping an actual or imminent threat to the nation." 

Sen. Barack Obama (D.-Ill.), (in a Dec. 20, 2007 interview with the Boston Globe)

 

“Our objective is clear, and that is: degrade and destroy ISIL [ISIS] so that it’s no longer a threat, not just to Iraq but also to the region and to the United States.”

Pres. Barack H. Obama, (at a news conference on Sept. 3, 2014)

 

The chaotic situation in Syria, a country of 22 million, source of some 220,000 Syrian deaths and of between 6 to 8 million refugees fleeing to Europe, is most confusing.

 

On the one hand, the Obama administration has been openly violating international law in actively supporting and arming a rebellious insurrection and a civil war against the established Assad government. On the other hand, the same administration seems to consider the Sunni-dominated and foreign-supported terrorist Islamic State organization (ISIS) opposed to Assad as illegitimate, and declares to want to “degrade and destroy” it through bombings.

 

If a foreign government wanted to destroy a country and turn it into ruins, that is probably what it should do, considering that the same Obama administration has for years supported protests and fanned the rebellion in Syria, as part of the color revolutions the CIA has sponsored in many countries, and it has facilitated the rise of Islamic extremism directly and indirectly in the hope that it would succeed in toppling the secular Syrian regime. From the start, this has been a most ambivalent, a most irresponsible, a most inconsistent, a most incoherent, a most misguided, a most indecent, a most insane, a most destructive and a most immoral policy, because it has destabilized both Iraq and Syria, because it has resulted in millions of victims and because it has contributed in a big way to creating the psychopathic monster that is the ISIS.

 

Indeed, the ongoing provoked chaos in Syria seems to be a repetition of what the Obama-cum-Hillary Clinton administration did in nearby Libya when that country was destabilized and destroyed from top to bottom through outside intervention, and reduced to a state of anarchy. It also followed the illegal military incursion by the Bush-Cheney administration in Iraq in order to engineer illegally a regime change in that country, at the same time that it left it completely destroyed and dysfunctional. All these interventions have resulted in unmitigated disasters.

 

Destroying countries in violation of international law and with no empathy for the human suffering of millions of people seems to have been the official policy of the US government over the last twenty years, whoever happened to sit in the White House at any given time, be he a Republican or a Democrat.

 

There is a pattern here that even the most ignorant and the most dishonest or obtuse brains cannot help but notice. We all know that this has been the well-publicized plan of the pro-Israel neocon clique that has been advising successive US governments ever since the George H. Bush administration of 1989-1993. Their overall objective was to reshape and transform (i.e. destabilize and destroy) the entire Middle East by provoking the downfall and breakup of Israel’s neighboring Arab countries (Iraq, Syria, Libya, etc.), and by using American military power and NATO to do it.

 

And now, the Obama administration is working hard to deliberately and immorally destroy the country of Syria to please the Israeli government and other allies such as the totalitarian Wahhabist regime of Saudi Arabia and the increasinglly Islamist regime in Turkey. Just as there was no al-Qaeda organization in Iraq before the Bush-Cheney administration invaded the country in 2003, there was no Islamic State (ISIS) in Syria before the US and its allies supported the insurrection against the Assad regime, beginning in 2011.

 

Surrounded by his neocon advisers, who are presumably recommended to their posts by deep pocket political campaign contributors, President Barack H. Obama gives the sad spectacle of a politician who has morphed into a repeat of George W. Bush, using lies and false pretenses to justify an incoherent and destabilizing US policy in the Middle East. One day he says that his government’s policy is to contain and destroy the murderous ISIS Califate; the next day he gives a tacit or explicit go ahead to the demagogue President of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, to attack with F-16 fighter jets the only credible force on the ground fighting ISIS, besides the armed forces of the Iraqi and Syrian governments, the Kurdish militias.

 

And when the Russian government brings some assistance to the embattled Syrian government of Bashar al-Assad—still the legitimate government of that country, ravaged by outside intervention by the way—President Barrack H. Obama not only denounces such assistance, but he warns Russia not to do it, curiously asserting that Russia’s efforts to back the Syrian government against ISIS are “doomed to failure”! What strategy and what failure? One would like to know.

 

Indeed, if President Obama were really serious in wanting to eradicate the medieval terrorist cancer that is ISIS, as he claims he does, one would think that he would logically welcome any assistance to reach that objective, whether it comes from Russia or from Iran, or anybody else. But no, Mr. Obama rather says that such assistance is not at all welcomed, at the same time that the killers of ISIS consolidate their control over a large part of Syria and of Iraq, and continue decapitating and persecuting Christian Assyrians, Shiites and other ethnic groups. The result is the creation of millions of refugees that only Europe seems ready, albeit reluctantly, to accept, after they have been expelled from Turkey, Lebanon or Jordan, and while the other richest Arab nations, such as Saudi Arabia and Qatar, close their doors to them.

 

This does not make any sense. When is Mr. Obama sincere? When he says that his NATO ‘coalition’ attacks in Syria are aimed at eradicating ISIS, or when he says that he has no legal authority for provoking a neocon-inspired regime change in Syria?

 

If Pres. Obama does not want to fight al-Qaeda—the group behind the 9/11 attacks, and its close ally the Islamic State (ISIS)—he should at the very least let those who want to fight them do it. Nowadays, he seems much more anxious to train and arm small groups of so called “moderate” Islamist Syrian rebels, (who have not a chance in hell to take control of the Syrian government), than to really fight the terrorists of al Qaeda and of the Islamist State (ISIS), who are the ones who would take over Syria if the Assad government were to fall. On the contrary, for months now Mr. Obama has done his best to prevent the Kurds, the Iranians and the Russians, along with the al-Assad government, from fighting the Islamist terrorists. Why? Could somebody ask him why? And, for what purpose?

 

US-led airstrikes in Iraq and in Syria against the Islamist terrorists have been judged ineffective from the start, and ISIS has demonstrated it by pursuing its expansion, presumably because such very selective bombings were never a priority and were rather a covert and dishonest show to fool people about the real objective of the US-NATO bombings.

 

That objective appears not as a priority to destroy ISIS or push it back, but rather to illegally provoke a regime change in Syria. This is done by backing different sets of Islamist rebels over time. This is a dangerous game. And all this is for mainly crass economic motives, i.e. to facilitate the construction of pipelines from the Middle East toward Europe, Turkey and Israel.

 

This Machiavellian policy is not only destabilizing and destroying the entire Middle East, it is now about to destabilize and destroy Europe itself with millions of migrants and refugees fleeing the mess that has resulted ever since the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the US and its allies’ support for the Syrian insurrection since 2011. European countries have already suspended the Schengen Agreement regarding freedom of movement within the European Union (EU), and other similar policy decisions of European disintegration by member states are to be expected in the coming months if the avalanche of migrants and refugees continues unabated from the Middle East and northern Africa.

 

Ever since the neocons have dominated US foreign policy, American-led interventions in the world have been a source of great instability and of devastating destruction. They have resulted in creating disaster upon disaster, with hundreds of thousands people dead and many millions displaced and impoverished, and forced into exile.

 

So far, at least three countries have been completely destroyed, i.e. Iraq, Libya and Syria, and the carnage goes on in Afghanistan and in Yemen, with the US supporting Saudi Arabia’s bombing of the latter country. American politicians and the US government cannot close their eyes and wash their hands of this chaotic mess because they started it, and because of that, they have a special responsibility to correct it and contribute to bringing back peace and order in that part of the world.

 

If the secular al-Assad government is ever toppled and is replaced by one led by fanatical Islamists, and if revenge killings and massacres of the Syrian Christians, Alawites, and Druze ensue—a possible result of the confused imperialistic US-NATO foreign policy—Barack H. Obama and other American and European politicians will have to place a large part of the blame on themselves. This is not a trivial matter.

 

COMMENTS (6)

____________________________________________

Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay is an international economist and author, whose last two books are:

The Code for Global Ethics, Prometheus Books, 2010; and

The New American Empire, Infinity Publishing, 2004.

 

To read Dr. Tremblay’s blog, please visit:

www.thenewamericanempire.com/blog

The author can be reached at:

 rodrigue.tremblay1@gmail.com.

 

Posted Friday, Sept. 18, 2015, at 5:30 am

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_________________________________

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Thursday, June 25, 2015

Pitfalls of Economic Globalization

By Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”, and

 The New American Empire)

 

 

‘Nations that trade with each other make themselves mutually dependent: if one has an interest in buying, the other has an interest in selling, and all unions are based on mutual needs.

Montesquieu, (Charles Louis de Secondat), (1689-1755)

 

‘An agreement [with the U.S.] to harmonize trade, security, or defence practices would, in the end, require Canada and Mexico to… cede to the United States power over foreign trade and investment, environmental regulation, immigration, and, to a large degree, foreign policy, and even monetary and fiscal policy.

Roy McLaren (1934-), former Canadian liberal trade minister, (1983)

 

‘The greatest happiness principle: The greatest happiness of the greatest number of people is the foundation of morals and legislation.’

Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)

 

One of the most important phenomena of the last quarter century, and without a doubt the most significant in the economic field, but also in the political field, has been the rise of economic globalization. This has brought the increased interdependence of national economies and a rise in competition, not only between corporations but also between countries.

 

This interdependence and competition have increased much more quickly than could have been envisaged, 25 or 30 years ago, with the result that international economic integration today greatly exceeds the realm of international trade to encompass the international mobility of corporations and the integration of financial and money markets. In some areas dominated by technology, especially in the field of digital and information technology, we already live in a world almost without national borders. The consequences of increased globalization are not only economic; they are also political and social.

 

But globalization also means a greater complexity of economic relations and an increased vulnerability of national economies to shocks from outside. This requires, for a given country, that the net benefits resulting from globalization must be greater than the net losses of any nature arising from such greater complexity and greater vulnerability.

 

Beside the purely economic costs of complexity, there are social and political costs that arise from such enhanced global economic complexity.

 

Indeed, the increased complexity of international economic and financial relations has had the effect of increasing the costs of political transactions and may have impaired the good functioning of domestic democratic systems by reducing the possibility for citizens to be adequately informed about issues that concern them and, if necessary, to be able to raise objections. Socially, it has also meant that the economy is less embedded in a larger social system; it is rather the social system that has been compressed and has become embedded in an increasingly globalized economy.

 

A primarily political global project has also been grafted upon economic globalization, mainly under American auspices, with the avowed purpose of weakening and subverting the national consciousness of people in their sovereign nation states, through the promotion of "multiculturalism" within countries and through the equally important aim of dismantling the welfare state system and the social safety net erected after the Second World War in most Western countries, and replace them with an essentially anti-democratic and oligarchic globalist system.

 

In the end, we shall conclude that the increased complexity of the global economic system over the last quarter century has had a general consequence: it has resulted in increasing the power and incomes of the CEOs of large corporations and of mega banks as never seen before, as well, to the lesser extent, of those of politicians and bureaucrats, at the expense of the less educated segments of the population and the less mobile people generally, thus weakening the democratic spirit and practices in many countries.

 

I- Main causes of economic globalization

 

There have been two revolutions behind the phenomenon of economic globalization.

-The first was the digital technology revolution, which can be seen as a new industrial revolution. This appeared with basic innovations that were, among others, the computer, the Internet as a global computer network, and telecommunications satellites, the latter enabling communication almost instantly to the four corners of the planet.

-The second revolution was the collapse, in 1991, of the Soviet empire and its centralized communist economic system. It has been said that this politico-economic revolution heralded the "triumph of (corporate) capitalism" worldwide and its decentralized and scarcely regulated markets.

 

Over the last quarter century, the rush towards economic globalization has accelerated. Its three main components are:

- Firstly, the globalization of trade relations;

- Secondly, the industrial and technological globalization; and

- Thirdly, the overall financial globalization (financial, banking and monetary).

 

These three sides of economic globalization have not had the same effect on all people and on every country.

 

It is therefore necessary to identify the net effects for each of these three components of overall economic globalization. Indeed, it was expected, at least in theory, that the move towards economic globalization would strengthen the economic integration of countries, generate some convergence of national economies by increasing their productivity levels and their economic growth, reducing global poverty, and creating, in addition, a better climate for world peace.

 

In practice, we can say today that this view was perhaps too optimistic, and we must recognize that the results of economic globalization in the past quarter century have been more complex and less inevitable than some would have believed.

 

That is because economic globalization and enhanced international competition have resulted in consequences that have certainly been positive for some people, but they have also created perverse effects for certain categories of workers, as well as for governments and their populations, because of the increased international mobility of corporations and of financial and banking institutions, and not just for those that are inherently ‘multinational' in nature.

 

In other words, economic globalization has created net winners and net losers, and it would be good to establish a provisional assessment of these results, even if it is only a partial synopsis of a complex phenomenon.

 

II- The globalization of trade relations

 

The establishment of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1994 marked an acceleration of the movement towards multilateral trade liberalization of the previous decades that had been undertaken under the auspices of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the latter having been created in 1947.

 

Indeed, during the last quarter century, world exports have grown at an exponential rate of 6.0 percent in volume, a much faster rate than the average annual rate of growth in world real output, which progressed at the pace of a little less than 4.0 percent between 1990 and 2010. However, we observe that since the financial crisis of 2008-09, there has been a break in world trade growth, global exports growing presently at a pace that approximates overall world economic growth, which ranges from two to four percent annually.

 

Of the three components of the phenomenon of economic globalization, trade globalization is probably the least deserving of criticism. There is even a fairly broad consensus among economists that, all things considered, its net effects have been more positive than negative.

 

Consumers have benefited greatly, as a result of lowered prices and better quality for a wider range of imported products and services. The other big winners of the growth in multilateral trade are owners of capital in general (higher yields) and officers of large corporations (increased incomes and revenues).

 

On the negative side, in many industrialized countries, least skilled workers have faced personal losses due to unemployment and stagnant or falling real wages. The same can be said about some industries that have faced increased international competition and have suffered contractions, relocations and some form of de-industrialization.

 

Overall, empirical studies on these issues have arrived at the conclusion that the gains reaped by industrialized countries from a better international division of labor have outweighed the losses, and that this has created a win-win situation for most countries.

 

It would appear that for industrialized countries, the problems arising from enhanced international trade are primarily a problem of distribution of the net gains in order to compensate the losers in proportion to their losses.

 

In other words, this is a matter of public policy and of social justice. It is thus up to a government, for example, to make sure that workers displaced by international competition are compensated and retrained.

 

If we consider all countries, the newly industrialized countries of Asia (China, Japan, South Korea, etc.) have profited greatly from increasing trade globalization, and they have also been on the receiving end of industrial globalization, as we will discuss later. Their rates of economic growth and of industrial catching up have simply been all but phenomenal.

 

III- Industrial and technological globalization

 

Alongside the globalization of trade relations of the last quarter century, the world has also experienced a similar explosion in foreign direct investment (direct capital inflows and outflows). Thus, the share in GDP of all countries of foreign direct investment has increased from 11 percent on average in 1980 to 34 percent on average in 1998. Since the financial crisis of 2008-09, however, foreign direct investment has also experienced a sharp downturn. It reached a historical high in 2007 of 2,000 billion$. Six years later, in 2013, foreign direct investment had dropped 30 percent from its 2007 peak.

 

The international mobility of corporations, their technologies and their capital, is much more problematic than trade globalization as such, which is based on the comparative advantages of trading countries, in a general context of international immobility for people between countries and of currency fluctuations to equilibrate each country’s balance of payments.

 

We cannot put on the same footing free trade, with rules against dumping and unfair competition and fluctuating exchange rates, and the free international movement of corporations, their technologies and their capital when labor is mostly immobile.

 

In the first case, we are dealing with international trade of goods and services based on comparative advantages in resources, manpower and technology in each country, which encourages specialization in production and which generates economies of scale, productivity gains and increases in living standards in all countries, even if the net gains are not evenly distributed among countries.

 

On the other hand, when corporations transfer their capital and their technologies from one country to another, this has the potential of modifying the economic comparative advantages of each country. This is a much more problematic component of economic globalization than simply free trade, because it is not impossible then that one country ends up a net loser while another is a net winner of such transfers.

 

Outsourcing production from one country to another could become a substitute to international trade between countries. The exception is when international trade within a corporation increases both ways.

 

A process of deindustrialization can result for the country losing its most productive industries, thus translating into problems of productivity and of economic growth, while national governments are unable to face the challenge properly. As I have alluded to before, this is not inevitable. When industrial globalization translates into more intra-firm trade and if a country’s total exports increase, a country can be a net winner of industrial globalization. For example, if a car manufacturer in a developed country transfers an assembly activity in a low-wage countries but exports from its national base engines and other specialized parts, the country can emerge a net winner from such production outsourcing. This becomes an empirical question. That is why a national government should monitor the situation closely.

 

It is a fact, however, that industrial globalization has made it increasingly difficult for a national government to pursue its own industrial policy. Indeed, nowadays, most of so-called 'free trade agreements' are in fact 'agreements for the free international movement of corporations' and have clauses that prevent national governments from actively pursuing an industrial policy to boost a country’s industrial productivity and raise the real wages of its workers. Moreover, these 'agreements on free movement of companies' are usually negotiated in secret and are often adopted by blindfolded politicians. It goes without saying that such an industrial disarmament by nations may erode the benefits expected from trade globalization and industrial specialization.

 

We may have here a reason why popular sentiment, especially in Western countries, is turning against comprehensive de facto ‘trade and investment agreements’ because they are wrought in secrecy, because they gave too much weigh to corporate prerogatives and their gimmicks to avoid paying taxes to local governments, because they have resulted in wage stagnation, unemployment, income inequalities and deindustrialization in many advanced economies, without compensations for the net losers, and because the governments of some large nations cannot resist dangerously mixing economics and politics and pushing smaller nations around.

 

Industrial globalization can also raise a tax fairness issue and one about income and wealth inequalities between different categories of taxpayers when corporations and the most internationally mobile workers insist on tax cuts from national governments. The latter are thus obliged to increase regressive tax rates on the incomes of ordinary workers and on their consumer spending.

 

National governments may also be called on to compete downward between themselves when the time comes to formulate some industrial regulations, or implement social policies or environmental preservation policies.

 

IV- Financial globalization (financial, banking and monetary)

 

If industrial globalization is problematic in its effects, financial globalization, (financial, banking and monetary), is even more dubious, considering the high level of speculation that surrounds the international movements of finance capital.

 

International borrowing and lending have been around for a long time. For instance, in the 19th century, savers from rich countries made it possible to fund major infrastructure projects in poorer countries. The inflows and outflows of portfolio capital (bonds, stocks, etc.) benefit both savers and borrowers and encourage trade. Indeed, a country that is a net borrower is also a net importer, and the opposite is true from a lender country’s perspective. Such international borrowing and lending are factors of economic efficiency and should be encouraged.

 

The international integration of financial markets reflects an objective reality, i.e. the reality that some countries generate external surpluses and other external deficits. The international mobility of savings is in itself a good thing from an economic point of view. What is important is that countries can retain their power to regulate their financial and money markets, and maintain domestic control over their banking sector.

 

In recent decades, however, mega banks and other financial institutions have exerted enormous political pressure to be exempted from national regulations. In the United States, for example, lobbies have succeeded in having the 'Glass-Steagall Act' abolished by the Clinton administration in 1999. That important law had been put in place in 1933 in order to avoid a repeat of the financial crisis of 1929. History will record that the abolition of the Glass-Steagall Act played a major role in paving the way to the financial crisis of 2008-09, a crisis whose harmful effects continue to be felt around the world.

 

When a nation loses its national sovereignty over financial, banking and monetary regulation, it largely loses the option to rely on price adjustments to correct imbalances in its external accounts, and it must instead rely on quantity adjustments through layoffs, cuts in public spending, tax increases, etc. This is a much more costly way, in terms of welfare, to improve a balance of payments.

 

For example, when a country suffers a drop in the external demand for its products while placed in the straightjacket of price rigidity, domestic prices and wages cannot move downward to correct an external deficit (and, conversely, cannot move upward to correct an external surplus).

 

Instead, the country must then resort to implementing so-called ‘austerity policies’ (cuts in public spending, increases in taxes, etc.), the latter having the negative consequences of slowing down domestic demand on top of the drop in international demand. As a result, the economy suffers two blows instead of one. Such an adjustment process to outside economic shocks creates an economic downturn that could translate into an economic recession (a drop in production and employment), hurting more severely some segments of the population than others.

 

This is a major structural problem within badly structured monetary unions, as it is currently the case in Europe within the euro zone, which encompasses economies with very high productivity levels, such is the case with the German economy, and other less productive economies, such as those of Greece or Portugal.

 

When no institutional mechanisms have been designed to transfer purchasing power between surplus countries and deficit countries, the rigidities of the single currency, (whatever its microeconomic benefits to businesses and consumers), can result in major macroeconomic problems. For instance, the common currency may be simultaneously undervalued for surplus economies and overvalued for deficit economies. Deficit economies must then rely on austerity measures to lower imports and increase exports, while surplus economies are more or less left outside the adjustment process.

 

Another severe drawback to financial integration (financial, banking and monetary) is the greater vulnerability of countries to external economic shocks and the transmission of economic and financial crises from one country to another.

 

The 2008-09 financial crisis is a good example of this phenomenon wherein a financial or a banking crisis originating in one country spreads quickly through financial and money markets from one country to another and affects the entire global economy. Financial crises are often the result of risky banking practices and of poorly regulated international financial and money markets.

 

Indeed, one of the consequences of increased financial integration has been the increased vulnerability of fragile economies to negative outside influences and a certain globalization of economic and financial crises, in a context where domestic governments are losing many of their instruments of intervention.

 

V- General conclusions

 

Is the world a better place today than it was twenty-five years ago? In certain aspects, the answer is yes; in some other aspects, the answer is no.

 

We can say that the overall economic globalization of the past quarter century has certainly had positive economic effects for several countries and their people, but that such globalization has perhaps gone too far, too fast, in some countries, especially since the global financial crisis of 2008-09.

 

Indeed, on one hand, trade globalization has resulted globally in economic benefits for consumers, for large corporations, their CEOs and for the most skilled workers. Some newly industrialized economies, such as the Chinese one, have also derived substantial benefits from economic globalization.

 

On the other hand, industrial globalization has set into motion a process of deindustrialization in many developed countries—especially in Europe—which has hurt small and medium businesses.

 

It has also concentrated the benefits of economic globalization on the most mobile factors of production (capital, corporations, new technologies) to the detriment of more immobile factors of production (labor, labor organizations and especially less-skilled workers).

 

Similarly, financial globalization has reduced the national sovereignty of most countries and lowered their governments’ capability to react to economic and social crises. The weakening of nation states and the disarmament of national governments in the face of international corporations and globalized mega banks are also important features or pitfalls of the overall movement towards economic globalization during the last quarter century.

 

How can we weigh the various elements of economic globalization? Have they benefited primarily an economic elite and left behind a trail of net losers, or have they benefited everybody to various degrees? It depends if we look at things from the viewpoint of a particular country or if we consider the entire world economy, and whether or not there are institutional mechanisms for the net winners of economic globalization to compensate the net losers.

 

For the global economy as a whole, the move towards economic globalization of the last quarter century has encouraged the spread of economic activity geographically, and it has resulted in a certain convergence of living standards, especially as the newly industrialized countries of Asia are concerned. On the other hand, this was made possible at the cost of a certain deindustrialization in many industrialized countries and of a rise in income and wealth inequalities in many countries. At the level of the particular country, the net economic results of economic globalization are an empirical question.

 

However, one thing stands out: globalization has profoundly changed the structure of social and political power within each country by strengthening corporate power and their leaders’ influence, and by decreasing the power of workers in general and of labor organizations in particular. There are indications that it has hurt the functioning of democracy in several countries.

 

One general conclusion in terms of economic policy: in the context of economic globalization, it would appear essential that national governments retain control over their financial and banking sectors, as well as over their monetary policies, if they want to avoid, in times of crisis, that their economies behave like a ship without a captain, without direction on a rough sea.

 

More generally speaking, because of so many hazards, I am afraid that the all-out economic globalization that is currently being imposed on nations and people alike risks imploding, sooner or later. This is a model that has too many economic and political pitfalls to persist without profound reforms. That is because it de facto transfers the real power in our societies from legitimate elected officials to officers of large corporations and of mega banks, and to owners of capital in general who, in turn, can use it to corrupt the political system to their advantage. —There exists a basic economic and democratic deficit to economic globalization that will not be easily corrected.

 

__________________________________________________

* Drawn from a conference by the author at the Humanist Symposium on Human Nature, held in Montreal, Saturday June

6, 2015.

 

Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay is an international economist and author, whose latest books are:

The Code for Global Ethics, Prometheus Books, 2010; and The New American Empire, Infinity Publishing, 2003.

To read Dr. Tremblay’s blog, please visit: http://www.thenewamericanempire.com/blog.htm

The author can be reached at: rodrigue.tremblay1@gmail.com.

 

Posted Thursday, June 21, 2015, at 5:30 am

Email to a friend: Article #1169

 

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Monday, April 13, 2015

The Normalization of U.S.-Cuba Relations: the Best Accomplishment of President Barack Obama

by Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”, and

 The New American Empire)

 

“At the beginning of 1959, United States companies owned about 40 percent of the Cuban sugar lands—almost all the cattle ranches—90 percent of the mines and mineral concessions—80 percent of the utilities—practically all the oil industry—and supplied two-thirds of Cuba's imports.”

Senator John F. Kennedy (1917-1963), (speech at a Democratic Dinner, Cincinnati, Ohio, October 6, 1960, during the 1960 Presidential campaign)

 

 “I believe that there is no country in the world including any and all the countries under colonial domination, where economic colonization, humiliation and exploitation were worse than in Cuba, in part owing to my country's policies during the Batista regime.

—I approved the proclamation which Fidel Castro made in the Sierra Maestra, when he justifiably called for justice and especially yearned to rid Cuba of corruption. I will even go further: to some extent it is as though [Dictator] Batista was the incarnation of a number of sins on the part of the United States. Now we shall have to pay for those sins.

—In the matter of the Batista regime, I am in agreement with the first Cuban revolutionaries. That is perfectly clear.”

President John F. Kennedy, October 24, 1963, (interview with journalist Jean Daniel, The New Republic, published on December 14 1963, pp. 15-20)

 

“It is clear that counter-terror became the strategy of the Batista government. It has been estimated by some that as many as 20,000 civilians were killed.”

A Report to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence Volume 2, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969, p. 582.

 

In December 2014, U.S. President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro announced that they would begin normalizing diplomatic relations between the two nations, an agreement brokered by Catholic Pope Francis. Last Saturday, April 11, U.S. President Obama and Cuban President Castro met in Panama to finalize the new reality and to “turn the page and develop a new relationship between our two countries," in Mr. Obama’s words.

 

This development is about to put an end to more than a half-century scandalous boycotting of the small island of Cuba by American politicians, as this small Caribbean island became a pawn in the Cold War between the U.S. and the USSR. In the U.S., this was done also mainly for purely domestic electoral motives, i.e. to obtain the Miami exiled Cubans’ votes and money, and against basic human morality.

 

This is a sad chapter in 20th Century American foreign policy history, especially considering that the U.S. government has established full diplomatic relations with countries such as China and Vietnam, and also considering that Canada has recognized and has traded with Cuba since 1960.

 

Indeed, a few years after the 1959 Cuban revolution that overthrew the corrupt government of dictator Fulgencio Batista (1952-1959), a government under the direct influence of elements of the American mafia who controlled the drug, gambling, prostitution, racetrack and casino businesses in Cuba, successive U.S. governments imposed on the inhabitants of Cuba a blanket of severe economic and political sanctions that crushed the small Cuban economy and lowered its people’s standard of living.

 

Two generations of Cubans were the victims of this cruel policy. That President Obama agreed to restore diplomatic ties with the Cuban government, ties that were unilaterally broken off by Washington in 1961, is all to his credit. Kudos also to Pope Francis, an Argentine, who pressed for ending such an insane policy that saw a powerful country crush a small neighbor, irresponsive to the human suffering that resulted.

 

As the two quotes above from President John F. Kennedy show, there were American politicians who felt that Cubans were in their right to overthrow the mafia and their corrupt local collaborators who controlled most of everything in Cuba under Dictator Batista. How could a nation that threw off the yoke of British king George III not understand that?

 

An obvious question begs to be asked: To what extent President Kennedy’s statements and intentions played a role in his assassination one month later, on October 23?

 

Three groups had special reasons to be adamantly opposed to President Kennedy’s support of the Cuban revolution and to his avowed intention to establish political and economic relations with Cuba.

 

First, the elements of the American mafia who had been kicked out of Cuba and had to abandon their lucrative trades in that Caribbean island country.

 

Second, the Cuban supporters of dictator Batista who left Cuba for an exile in Florida, leaving behind properties and other possessions, with no hope of returning to their country if the U.S. government was to have normal relations with the Cuban-Castro government.

 

A third group is composed of some elements of the United States government's Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), under then CIA Director Allen Dulles (1953-1961), who had sponsored the failed Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in April 1961, and whose objective was the overthrow of the Cuban government of Fidel Castro. Such a plan had been drafted under the previous Eisenhower administration (1953-1961). (Keep in mind that CIA Director Allen Dulles was the brother of John Foster Dulles, Dwight D. Eisenhower's Secretary of State.)

 

After his election, President John F. Kennedy had been informed of the CIA’s invasion plan and had initially approved it, but when it unfolded, he refused to commit U.S. armed forces to the operation. The CIA thus had ample reasons to blame President Kennedy for the glaring failure of the Bay of Pigs para-military invasion of Cuba, considering that a similar invasion of Guatemala in 1954 had required the assistance of U.S. troops to succeed. Later, President Kennedy discharged CIA Director Allen Dulles and replaced him with John McCone (1961-1965).

 

Cui Bono? (Who profits?) All three of these groups had special motives for blaming President John F. Kennedy for their misfortunes in Cuba. And all three of them had reasons to be violently opposed to President Kennedy’s intentions to normalize political and economic relations with Cuba.

 

The 1964 controversial Warren Commission Report on John F. Kennedy’s assassination did not establish any link between these groups who had reasons to hate the President, and his assassination, concluding instead that Lee Harvey Oswald had acted alone in the November 1963 shooting of the President. And this, even after it had been established that the murderer had been monitored by the FBI under Director J. Edgar Hoover and by the CIA under Director Allen Dulles in the months before the assassination.

 

It is true that not all the evidence surrounding the Kennedy Assassination has been released to the public, some of which has been classified and kept secret. However, these documents are scheduled for release two years from now, in 2017. It is anybody’s guest if they might reveal new information about the circumstances that led to President Kennedy’s assassination in 1963.

 

COMMENTS (5)

 

 

 

Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay is an international economist and author, whose last two books are:

The Code for Global Ethics, Prometheus Books, 2010; and The New American Empire, Infinity Publishing, 2004.

To read Dr. Tremblay’s blog, please visit: http://www.thenewamericanempire.com/blog.htm

The author can be reached at: rodrigue.tremblay1@gmail.com.

 

Posted Monday, April 13, 2015, at 5:30 am

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Friday, February 27, 2015

International Islamist Terrorism: It's More than a Mere Question of Semantics

by Rodrigue Tremblay

(Author of the books “The Code for Global Ethics”, and

 The New American Empire)

 

 “Since the Bible also contains verses calling for war and the destruction of the other, then what difference is there with the Koran?

None, if not for the attitude of the religious leaders themselves.

-If they consider, as is the case with the majority of Christians and Jews, that these verses are related to bygone historic times, they therefore cannot be inspired by them to justify violence and murder.

-On the other hand, if these verses are considered the “divine word” and bearers of the only truth, everything is to be feared.”

Franćois Garai (1945- )

Rabbi in Geneva, Switzerland, and head of the GIL (Liberal Jewish Group) and member of the World Union of Progressive Judaism.

 

“The mosques [in Western countries] will be our barracks, the domes our helmets, the minarets will be our swords, and the faithful will be our army.”

Recep Tayyip Erdogan (1954- )

President of Turkey, [in December 1997 when he was mayor of Istanbul, citing in his speech the nationalist poet Ziya Gökalp (1876-1924)].

 

“We could have just said no [to Saudi financing of a mosque in Norway], in principle the ministry doesn't approve such things. But when we were first asked, we used the opportunity to add that an approval would be paradoxical as long as it's a crime to establish a Christian community in Saudi Arabia.”

Jonas Gahr StŅre (1960- ), Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs, (Oct. 2010).

 

“We must speak clearly: Yes, France is at war against terrorism, jihadism and radical Islamism.”

Manuel Valls (1962-), French Prime Minister (speech to the National Assembly on 13 January 2015).

 

“Moreover, the sweeping change brought by modernity and globalization led many Muslims to view the West as hostile to the traditions of Islam. Violent extremists have exploited these tensions in a small but potent minority of Muslims.  The attacks of September 11, 2001 and the continued efforts of these extremists to engage in violence against civilians has led some in my country to view Islam as inevitably hostile not only to America and Western countries, but also to human rights...

The truth [is] that America and Islam are not exclusive and need not be in competition.  Instead, they overlap, and share common principles -- principles of justice and progress; tolerance and the dignity of all human beings...

I consider it part of my responsibility as President of the United States to fight against negative stereotypes of Islam wherever they appear...

So let there be no doubt:  Islam is a part of America.”

Barack Obama (1961- ), Speech at Cairo University: A New Beginning, June 4, 2009, in which the words “terror” or “terrorism” were not mentioned at all.

 

Our objective is clear:  We will degrade, and ultimately destroy, ISIL [ISIS] through a comprehensive and sustained counterterrorism strategy.”

Barack Obama (1961- ), Statement by the President on ISIL, September 10, 2014.

 

[The ISIS terrorist networks] are not an existential threat to the United States or to the world order.“

Barack Obama (1961- ), CNN interview of February 1, 2015.

 

Early last January, it was widely reported that President Barack Obama’s staff had said that for him or his Vice President not joining other heads of state in the largest rally in the history of Paris to protest the carnage done by Islamist terrorists in their attacks against journalists and against French Jews, had been a “mistake”, made by an unnamed senior White House staff.

 

I personally did not buy that line of thought for an instant, even though nearly all American media swallowed the story “hook, line and sinker”! Anybody who knows how a government functions also knows that such an explanation is absolutely impossible, because that kind of decision is widely discussed at the White House, but also at the State Department and elsewhere within the government. The final decision not to have the U.S. President or his Vice President present at the anti-Islamist terror rally in Paris had to be made, in the last analysis, by President Obama himself. The real motive: President Obama did not want to be personally associated, nor his administration, to a high profile rally against international Islamist terrorism.

 

In 2008, I wrote an article about then U.S. presidential candidate Barack Obama, following the publication in the U.S. of my book ‘The New American Empire’, a few years before. I had arrived at the conclusion that even though Obama was probably “the least worst” candidate, he was also showing a dangerous propensity to double-talk. The last two quotes above could be an example of such a tendency.

 

This brings me to the observation that over the last few weeks and months, some politicians in Western countries have also adopted a somewhat distinctive and curious linguistic approach to describe the current phenomenon of international Islamist terrorism and its Islamist jihadist ideology. This is basically a form of escapism, denial, willful delusions and dodges.

 

U.S. President Barack Obama, for example, has gone out of his way in not using in his speeches the perfectly appropriate words of “Islamist terrorism”, but has preferred to use instead the more general and the more vague and vacuous words of “violent extremismto describe the repetitive killings of innocent people by Islamist terrorists in many countries. He has even gone so far as to imply that criticism of the failings of Islam, as a prerogative of free speech in any democracy, could be a major cause of the rise of violent jihadists, rather than the bombing of populations in the Middle East by Western powers.

 

Added to that is Mr. Obama's proclivity to make his own the twisted logic of the National Rifle Association (NRA) when the latter asserts that freely and widely available “guns do not kill people; only people kill people”! Now Mr. Obama says, with perhaps even less justification, that "no religion is responsible for terrorism —people are responsible for violence and terrorism," as if most Islamist terrorists were not motivated by a backward Islamist ideology that has its roots in the Dark Ages. —This is not to deny that in many cases, it may be difficult to separate the political motives from the religious ones behind the bloody and gory crimes committed by delusional psychopaths.

 

Other Western politicians, in Europe and in Canada, (luckily they are a minority!) have also tried to downplay the true character of international Islamist terrorism by playing a trivial and potentially self-delusional game of semantics to gloss over and obscure reality. In their view, when well-financed and well-identified Islamist terrorists kill journalists or innocent Jewish by-standers by the dozens in Paris and in Copenhagen, or when the medieval butchers of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) decapitate two dozen Egyptian Christian workers in Libya just because of their religious affiliation, or again when the same madmen are bent on establishing a caliphate and carry out mass-executions of ethnic or religious minorities in Iraq and in Syria, these should be considered, according to some politicians, to be some “random” criminal acts committed by some freelance extremists, not related whatsoever to the Islamist jihadist ideology! Egads!

 

With such a misappropriate and somewhat dishonest play with words to describe the criminal murders by international Islamist terrorists, it would seem that what these politicians wish to do is to confuse people's mind and conceal the anti-freedom of the press ideology, the anti-freedom of religion ideology and the anti-Jewish ideology of the killers. Their purpose, it would seem, is to separate international Islamist terrorism from its religious Islamic source, even when the killers themselves do their misdeeds while yelling "Allahu Akbar" (Allah is the greatest!) while shooting and beheading innocent people.

 

The intention of that type of cowardly politicians is to inculcate in the minds of people the idea that these cruel terrorist acts are the result of random ordinary violence by individuals unconnected to a particular religious ideology, and therefore, that they are not that important. Such a play with words and with the truth could also be an attempt to justify a politician's inaction and his concealed position of irenicism and of defeatism.

 

This is most disingenuous, because from Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda organization and the 9/11 mass killers in the USA to the butchers of ISIS in Iraq, Syria and Libya, or to the Islamist terrorists in Chechnya or Yemen or in Nigeria, and not forgetting the Islamist killers of the Charlie Hebdo journalists in Paris in January 2015, and those killed in Copenhagen and in Ottawa, it can be said unequivocally that even though it is true that “not all Muslims are terrorists”, far from it, it should nevertheless be ascertained nowadays that “most high profile international terrorists are Muslims,” no matter how hard some complacent characters do their best to hide this obvious fact.

 

Mr. Obama and some other politicians might think that this is not a “holy war” that Western civilization faces, but the jihadists do.

 

Therefore, can we ask if this semantic game to limit the freedom of thought is only a demonstration of misplaced political correctness as a form of George Orwell's Newspeak, or if it is a cowardly attempt by some politicians to willfully mislead the people regarding the real threat of Islamist terrorism, not only in the Middle East, but increasingly also in Western countries?

 

The reality is made of daily instances of horrors and of extreme brutality as thousands of people, in many countries, are being slaughtered, crucified, decapitated, stoned to death, raped, forced into marriage, burnt alive, tortured, enslaved, expatriated, etc., all in the name of the Islamist jihadist ideology. This is a much too serious and dark reality for the international community to feign to ignore or to camouflage through semantic tricks.

 

In such a chaotic situation, it would seem obvious that the United Nations must be more pro-active in implementing the principles of the U.N. Charter and of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Above all, and at this important juncture of human history, the current Secretary-General of the United Nations Mr. Ban Ki-moon holds a special responsibility.

 

A lack of fortitude and of foresight on his part could bring catastrophic, even apocalyptic, consequences for the world order, for fundamental human rights and for the fate of hundreds of millions of innocent people, men, women and children. At the very least, the U.N. General Assembly should declare the murderous ISIS organization illegal, and to be rejected by the international community, with the proviso that any member country supporting it directly or indirectly could be severely blamed.

 

Indeed, this savagery of another age has to stop. Islamist terrorism is a political cancer that should not be allowed to metastasize.

 

Now is not the time to discuss the sex of angels but to lead and to fight this rising threat to our civilization and to basic humanitarian and civilized principles, ideologically, politically and militarily. There is no way out. This is the challenge of our times and the world must rise to the challenge. As one woman told me after a meeting: “Maybe the world would be better off with no religions at all!”

Think about it.

 

However, to fully understand why and how the monstrosity that is ISIS came into existence, one has to understand its source in the ill-conceived policy pursued by some American administrations and by some European governments to willfully destabilize Middle Eastern countries. This was done according to a neocon plan designed long ago to systematically sponsor insurgencies and civil wars in that part of the world and to overthrow their secular governments.

 

To avoid more man-made disasters, such a destructive strategy should be denounced and stopped, possibly reversed, and be replaced with a more coherent policy to help the populations over there rather to draw them into a daily hell.

 

The semantic game referred to above and carried on by some politicians may be a way to conceal the over all catastrophe that has resulted from the U.S.-led policy of destabilization of the entire Middle East for more than a decade. The ISIS crisis has arisen as a consequence of these past failed policies. Many parts of the world are now in a mess, and some sitting politicians and previous ones have to share responsibility for the situation, —and they know it.

 

Conclusion

 

Nevertheless, if for any reason, some of these sitting failed politicians, especially in our democracies, do not have in their character or in their belly to change course and do what is right, they should have the decency to step aside and let men or women of the quality of Winston Churchill in the U.K., Charles De Gaulle in France and Franklin D. Roosevelt in the USA take command in each of our countries.

 

COMMENTS (11)

____________________________

Dr. Rodrigue Tremblay is an international economist and author, whose last two books are:

The Code for Global Ethics, Prometheus Books, 2010; and The New American Empire, Infinity Publishing, 2004.

To read Dr. Tremblay’s blog, please visit: http://www.thenewamericanempire.com/blog.htm

The author can be reached at: rodrigue.tremblay1@gmail.com.

 

Posted Friday, February 27, 2015, at 5:30 am

Email to a friend: International Islamist Terrorism

 

 

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